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      • KCI등재

        초내열합금분말에 의한 PTA 오버레이부의 연삭 마모 특성 연구

        김영식,최영국,임창훈,김종도,Kim, Young-Sik,Choi, Young-Gook,Lim, Chang-Hoon,Kim, Jong-Do 대한용접접합학회 2009 대한용접·접합학회지 Vol.27 No.3

        The Plasma Transferred Arc (PTA) overlay welding method is lately introduced as one of the most useful surface overlay method of the engine component. In this paper, the overlay welding on the SNCrW heat resisting alloy was conducted by the PTA overlay welding process using the super alloy powder. The characteristics of the overlay layers were investigated through the metallurgical and abrasive test. Experimental results showed that the overlay on the SNCrW heat resisting alloy surface was successfully made without hot cracking. The friction wear characteristics of the Co-base Stellite 6 overlayer were most superior. However the abrasive wear characteristics were most inferior in the Co-base Stellite 6 overlayer.

      • KCI등재

        레토르트 및 감마선 조사에 의한 화닭 덮밥 소스의 미생물 제어 효과 비교

        김영식,김현주,윤요한,신명곤,김천제,신미혜,이주운,Kim, Young-Sik,Kim, Hyun-Joo,Yoon, Yo-Han,Shin, Myung-Gon,Kim, Cheon-Jei,Shin, Mee-Hye,Lee, Ju-Woon 한국축산식품학회 2010 한국축산식품학회지 Vol.30 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        This study evaluated the antimicrobial effects of retort process and gamma irradiation on reduction of total bacterial populations in spicy chicken sauce, which is served on top of the steamed rice. Commercial spicy chicken sauce was treated with retort and gamma ray at 0, 1, 3, 5, and 10 kGy. Total aerobic bacterial populations were then enumerated on plate count agar and isolated bacteria from the test samples were identified using PCR analysis. Moreover, gamma ray sensitivity of identified bacteria was evaluated by $D_{10}$ values, and genotoxicity of gamma-irradiated samples was examined. Gamma irradiation at 3 kGy reduced total aerobic bacterial cell counts in spicy chicken sauce below detection limit, but total aerobic bacterial cell counts in test samples treated with retort were 2.1 log CFU/g. Identified bacteria from the samples were Bacillus subtilis, B. amyloiquefaciense, and B. pumils, and the $D_{10}$ values for B. subtilis and B. cereus were 0.39 ($R^2\;=\;0.921$) and 0.28 log CFU/g ($R^2\;=\;0.904$), respectively. The SOS chromotest showed that the gamma-irradiated spicy chicken sauce did not cause mutagenicity. These results indicate that gamma irradiation of spicy chicken sauce could be useful in ensuring microbial safety. 극한 환경에서 취식이 가능하도록 안전성 및 기호성이 확보된 덮밥 소스류 개발을 위한 기초연구로 많이 소비되고 있는 화닭 덮밥소스의 위생화를 위해 감마선 조사 기술을 적용하고 레토르트 살균과의 비교연구를 진행하였다. 화닭 덮밥 소스의 미생물 오염도 평가 결과 레토르트 비처리군은 총세균수가 4.5 log CFU/g 검출되었고 레토르트 처리군은 2.1 log CFU/g의 총 세균이 검출되었다. 반면 3 kGy의 감마선 처리군 에서는 검출한계 이하의 세균이 검출되었다. 검출된 미생물을 동정한 결과 Bacillus spp.로 확인되었으며, B. cereus 및 B. subtilis에 대한 방사선 감수성 측정 결과 각각 0.39 및 0.28 kGy로 확인되었다. SOS chromotest를 이용한 유전독성학적 안전성 평가 결과 감마선 조사에 의한 돌연변이원성은 관찰되지 않았다. 이상의 결과를 종합하여 볼 때, 화닭 덮밥 소스의 효과적인 위생화를 위하여 3 kGy의 감마선 조사처리가 레토르트 처리보다 효과적으로 미생물을 사멸하는 것으로 확인되었다.

      • 복막전이를 동반한 위암에서 광범위절제의 효과

        김영식,이상호,최경현,Kim, Young-Sik,Lee, Sang-Ho,Choi, Kyung-Hyun 대한위암학회 2001 대한위암학회지 Vol.1 No.3

        Purpose: The prognosis for gastric cancer with peritoneal seeding is very poor, and the role of surgical intervention is limited. We evaluated the effect of radical removal of primary and metastatic lesions on survival in gastric cancer with peritoneal seeding. Materials and Methods: From May 1989 to March 1999 at Kosin University Gospel Hospital, 115 patients revealed gastric cancer with peritoneal seeding but without liver or lung metastasis and without follow-up loss. The study group included 86 patients who underwent surgery for radical removal of primary gastric and metastatic peritoneal lesions. The control group included 29 patients who experienced incomplete removal of primary or metastatic lesions. Both groups received intraoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy using mytomycin or cisplatin, and 25 patients underwent postoperative intravenous chemotherapy. Results: The median survival times in the study and the control groups were 13 months and 4 months, respectively (p<0.0001). The 1-year, 2-year, and 5-year survival rates were, respectively, $50.6\%,\;18.1\%$, and $11.3\%$ in the study group and $14.8\%,\;3.7\%$ and $0\%$ in the control group (p<0.0001). In the study group, neither postoperative intravenous chemotherapy nor microscopic invasion of the resection margin had any effect on survival, but intraoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy and degree of peri-toneal seeding, especially the amount of peritoneal seeding, had an effect on survival. In the control group, neither intraperitoneal nor intravenous chemotherapy had any effect on survival, but resection of the primary gastric lesion improved survival. Conclusion: Radical removal of primary gastric and metastatic peritoneal lesions improved the survival rate for gastric cancer with peritoneal seeding. However, a randomized prospective study is needed to correctly evaluate the effect of intraperitoneal or intravenous chemotherapy.

      • KCI우수등재

        일부 주조작업장 공기중 분진 중금속 농도

        김영식,김규광,한홍,Kim, young-Sik,Kim, Gyu-Kwang,Han, Hong 한국환경보건학회 1992 한국환경보건학회지 Vol.18 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        A study was performed to measure the heavy metal concentrations of suspended particles in iron castings during February, 1990. The heavy metal concentrations were analyzed using patricles atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The results were as fellows 1. The concentrations of suspended paticles by casting process were at furnace 4.19mg/m$^{3}$ at pouring 2.93mg/m$^{3}$ at nonferrous furnace 3.90mg/m$^{3}$, at molding 1.17mg/m$^{3}$, jung ja 2.23mg/m$^{3}$, desanding 5.42mg/m$^{3}$, sand treatment 4.82mg/m$^{3}$, finishing 1,20mg/m$^{3}$. 2. Among the total of 8 iron casting workplaces, the concentrations Fe of furnace was 0.36mg/m$^{3}$, Cu of nonferrous furnace 0.02mg/m$^{3}$, Pb of pouring 0.02mg/m$^{3}$, Cr of desanding 0.01mg/m$^{3}$ and Mn of furnace 0.03mg/m$^{3}$.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        On the Rotational Barrier of Organic Molecules (I). Role of Axial Carbon in Ethane

        김영식,김호징,Young Sik Kim,Hojing Kim Korean Chemical Society 1982 대한화학회지 Vol.26 No.3

        에탄의 회전 장벽에 미치는 두개의 탄소 원자의 영향을 알아보기 위해 6개의 수소만으로 이루어진 탄소가 없는 에탄올 모델로 택하여 이 모델 분자의 Staggered 및 eclipsed꼴의 에너지를 McWeeny의 open-shell RHF-SCF방법으로 계산하고,staggred에서 eclipsed로 꼴이 변할때의 천이밀도를 조사 하였다. 예상대로 모델 분자에서는 ecliped꼴이 staggered꼴보다 안정하였다. 이 탄소없는 에탄의 천이 밀도와 실제 에탄의 천이 밀도를 비교 분석하여, 에탄의 회전 장벽은 중심축 위치에 있는 두개의 탄소 원자로 인해 staggered에서 eclipsed꼴로 변함에 따라 수소 원자 주위의 전자 밀도가 희석되고, 탄소 원자 주위와 탄소-탄소 결합 공간으로 끌리므로 해서, 전자 에너지 감소가 핵간 반발 에너지의 증가를 상쇄하지 못하는데 기인한다는 것을 알게 되었다. In order to analyze the role of axial carbon atoms in rotational barrier of ethane, we take the carbonless ethane, as a model, which is made of six hydrogens in coordinates of ethane. The energy of the system is calculated by McWeeny's open-shell restricted Hartree-Foch selfconsistent-field (RHF-SCF) method, and the transition density on the staggered-to-eclipsed rotation is examined. As being expected, the eclipsed form of the model is more stable than the staggered one. Through the transition density comparison of this model and real ethane, it is found that the existence of the axial carbon atoms induces the electronic density to be diluted in the vicinity of protonic sites and to be attracted to the region of carbon atoms or further to C-C bond region as the barrier is traversed. This migration of electronic charge tell us that the barrier to the internal rotation of ethane originates from the fact that the magnitude of electronic energy depression is not large enough to offset the increased nuclear-nuclear repulsion on the staggered-to-eclipsed rotation.

      • KCI등재

        Sidel'nikov 수열의 자기상관 분포

        김영식,정정수,노종선,정하봉,김경아,Kim Young-Sik,Chung Jung-Soo,No Jong-Seon,Chung Habong,Kim Kyung-ah 한국통신학회 2005 韓國通信學會論文誌 Vol.30 No.8C

        이 논문에서는 Sidel`nikoc 수열의 자기상관 분포, 다시 말해 자기상관 함수 각각의 값들의 발생 회수를 유도하였다. M-진 Sidel`nikov 수열의 각각의 상관 값들의 발생 회수는 M차의 원분수를 이용하서 표현된다. 또한 서로 다른 자기 상관 값들의 총 개수는 알파벳 크기 M뿐만 아니라 수열의 주기에도 의존하지만 언제나 ($\frac{M}{2}$)+1보다 작거나 같다는 사실을 보였다. In this paper, we derived the autocorrelation distributions, i.e., the values and the number of occurrences of each value of the autocorrelation function of Sidel'nikov sequences. The frequency of each autocorrelation value of an M-ary Sidel'nikov sequence is expressed in terms of the cyclotomic numbers of order M. It is also pointed out that the total number of distinct autocorrelation values is dependent not oかy on M but also on the sequence, but always less than or equal to ($\frac{M}{2}$)+1.

      • KCI우수등재

        패각 폐기물을 이용한 황화반응 모델에 관한 연구

        김영식,Kim Young-Sik 한국환경보건학회 2004 한국환경보건학회지 Vol.30 No.5

        In this study, lots of methods have been studing to utilize energy and decrease contaminated effluents. There has been great progress on IGCC (Integrated gasification combined cycle) to reduce thermal energy losses. The following results have been conducted from desulfurization experiments using waste shell to remove $H_{2}S$. Unreacted core model ior desulfuriration rate prediction of sorbent was indicated. These were linear relationship between time and conversion. So co-current diffusion resistance was conducted reaction rate controlling step. The sulfidation rate is likely to be controlled primarily by countercurrent diffusion through the product layer of calcium sulfide(CaS) formed. Maximum desulfurization capacity was observed at 0.631 mm for lime, oyster and hard-shelled mussel. The kinetics of the sorption of $H_{2}S$ by CaO is sensitive to the reaction temperature and particle size at $800^{\circ}C$, and the reaction rate of oyster was faster than the calcined limestone at $700^{\circ}C$.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재
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