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This study was performed to assess the nutrient intake and dietary diversity of Korean children and adolescents using the Korean dietary pattern index developed in previous studies. For this study, 6,462 children and adolescents aged 7~18y who participated in the dietary intake survey (24h recall method) of the 2007~2013 KNHANES were sampled. The food items included in the Korean dietary index were jusik-ryu, guk/tang-ryu, gui/jjim-ryu, namul-ryu, yeomjangchaeso-ryu, jang-ryu and mitbanchan-ryu. All the subjects and both age groups (7~12y, 13~18y) were divided into quartiles. According to the results of this study, the range of the Korean dietary pattern score was 0~58 for all of the subjects and also in the 13~18 age group, and was 0~52 in the 7~12y age group. When the pattern score for each food group was compared across the quartiles of the Korean dietary pattern score, in all the subjects as well as in the 7~12y and 13~18y age groups, the pattern score for jusik-ryu and yeomjangchaeso-ryu was highest in Q1~Q4. or all the food groups, the mean pattern score was highest in Q4. These results suggested that the Korean dietary pattern score is highly associated with jusik-ryu including rice and yeomjangchaeso-ryu including kimchi. Accordingly, it is considered necessary to develop an index that reflects the characteristics of Korean cuisine and, at the same time, assesses the nutritional status and food consumption tendency of Korean children and adolescents.
This study was performed to analyze the JAR (Just-About-Right) Rating and CATA (Check-All-That-Apply) Method for commercial Yugwa (Korean oil pastry products) containing Baeknyeoncho (Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten). The survey was conducted with 50 participants, and five kinds of Yugwa samples (Control, B-YG, B-RY, B-WY and B-GB) were used. According to the results of the study with these samples, the B-RY sample received the highest score in 'Try again (6.30/9)' and 'Recommend (6.24/9)'. The Control Sample, which was the traditional Yugwa, received the second highest score (Try again: 5.62/9, Recommend: 5.70/9). The liking attributes for these samples were related to eating convenience, familiar taste, traditional type and size. These findings suggest that the factors to be considered in the development of commercial Yugwa are the maintenance of traditional taste and familiarity in an easy-to-eat size for consumers.
The purpose of this study is to study the fairness of recovery, satisfaction of recovery, customer sentiment, and intention of revisit to consumers who have experience in recovering products and services of restaurant companies. From February 1 to March 1, 2020, the survey was conducted through the Google Online Survey. A total of 280 copies were used for the study for the results. As a result, Hypothesis 1 shows that "procedural fairness and interaction fairness will have a positive effect on recovery satisfaction." Thus, hypothesis 1 was partially adopted. For Hypothesis 2, it was shown that "distributional fairness and interaction fairness will have a positive effect on customer sentiment." Thus, Hypothesis 2 was partially adopted. For Hypothesis 3, the hypothesis was adopted that "Recovery satisfaction will have a positive effect on customer sentiment." In the case of Hypothesis 4, the hypothesis was adopted that "Recovery satisfaction will have an effect of positive on the intention of re-visiting." For Hypothesis 5, the hypothesis that "customer sentiment will have a positive effect on the intention of the revisit" was adopted. Accordingly, we understood customer needs. Therefore, we strengthen the theory of consumers' behavioral rationale for service failures. It also presents suggestions for seeking practical measures for restaurant businesses.
Korean’s intake of Han-Sik (Korean food) has gradually decreased. The aim of this study was to assess needs for a dietary education program focused on increasing Han-Sik intake (Han-Sik program) in children and adolescents according to education level. A total of 2,858 child and adolescents (elementary students 30.1%; middle school students 34.8%; high school students 35.1%) were recruited in 2015 and 2016, and questionnaires were conducted by self-administration. There were significant differences in diet and health information sources, Han-Sik proportion in school meals, experience of Han-Sik nutritional program, and preference for program composition by education level (p<0.001). The Han-Sik proportion in school meals was 87.4% of the total, which was significantly lower in high school students than in elementary students (p<0.001). The percentage of high school students with Han-Sik nutritional program experience (25.1%) was twice as low than that of elementary students (55.7%) (p<0.001). In addition, the percentage of students with Han-Sik nutritional program experience who responded “The Han-sik program is needed” was significantly higher than those who responded “It is not needed” (p<0.001). The most preferred content was ‘Han-Sik cooking training’ in all students. In conclusion, differences in needs for Han-Sik program by education level should be considered to develop the Han-Sik program for all education levels to increase Han-Sik consumption and formation of healthy eating habits.