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제대혈 및 말포혈로부터 분리한 CD34 양성 세포의 체외 증폭 및 클론 유지인하대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실*,인하대학교병원 중앙연구소†, 진단검사의학교실 ,울산대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실§김순기*·길혜윤†·송순욱†·최종원 ·박상규§목 적 : 조직적합 항원의 불일치로 인하여 골수이식을 할 수 없는 경우에 점점 더 제대혈이 사용되고 있다. 그러나 제대혈의 조혈모세포의 수가 적기 때문에 이를 증가시킬 대책이 필요한 바, 여러 성장인자를 조합하여 체외증폭하여 말초혈의 체외증폭과 비교하였다. 방 법 : 저자들은 제대혈 및 말초혈로부터 분리한 CD34+ 세포를 혈청이 아닌 배양체에서 체외 증폭하여 비교하였다. Miltenyi 방법으로 분리한 CD34+는 조혈성장인자들과 함께 체외 증폭 시켰다. 증폭 당일, 4일 후, 7일 후 및 14일에 증폭된 세포를 가지고 burst-forming units of erythrocytes (BFU-E), colony-forming units of granulocytes and monocytes (CFU-GM) 및 colony-forming units of megakaryocytes (CFU-Mk)의 생성 능력을 알아보았다. 결 과 : 말초혈에 비하여 제대혈로부터 분리한 CD34+ 세포의 증폭 능력이 2배로 컸다. 체외에서7일 및 14일 동안 증폭된 제대혈이 더 많은 BFU-E를 생성하였고, 4일 및 7일 동안 증폭된 제대혈이 더 많은 CFU-Mk를 생성하였다.결 론:MGDF, FL 및 IL-3를 포함한 성장인자의 자극 하에서 제대혈의 체외 증폭이 더 많은 BFU-E 및 CFU-Mk를 생성하였으므로, 이를 이용한 체외 증폭을 시도하는 것의 가능성을 시사하고 있다. Purpose : Because of the unavailability of marrow transplantation, umbilical cord blood (CB) is increasingly being used. We evaluated the potential of ex vivo expansion and clonality in CD34+ cells separated from cord blood source and mobilized peripheral blood (PB) in a serum-free media. Methods : The CD34+ cells, selected from CB and mobilized PB, were expanded with hematopoietic growth factors. They were then cultured for burst-forming units of erythrocytes (BFU-E), colony- forming units of granulocytes and monocytes (CFU-GM) and colony-forming units of megakaryocytes (CFU-Mk) at culture days 0, day 4, day 7, and day 14 with various growth factors. Results : The CB-selected CD34+ cells showed significantly higher total cell expansion than those from the PB at day 7 (2 fold increase than PB). The CB-selected CD34+ cells produced more BFU-E colonies than did the PB on culture at days 7 and at day 14. Also, the CB-selected CD34+ cells produced more CFU-Mk colonies than did the PB on culture at day 4 and at day 7. Conclusion : The ex vivo expansion of the CB cells may be promising in producing total cellular expansion, CFU-Mk and BFU-E compared with PB for 7 to 14 days. The growth factors combination including megakaryocyte growth and development, flt3-ligand and interleukin-3 showed more expansion in the view of total cells and clonal maintenance compared with less combination.
Background :Anemia and iron depletion continue to be common disorders in the world. This study was aimed at assessing the prevalence of anemia and iron depletion in apparently healthy Koreans aged 10 years or more. Methods :We used the data of the 4th Korean National Health & Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), which assessed 7,607 individuals (3,337 males and 4,270 females). Iron depletion was defined as serum ferritin less than 15 ng/mL. Results :In males, mean hemoglobin (Hb) concentration decreased after the age of 50. The prevalence of anemia was 7.1% in 60 to 69 year olds and 12.3% in men aged 70 or older. As for females, the prevalence of anemia was 8.8% in 15 to 17 year olds, 16.7% in 18 to 49 year olds, 10.9% in 60 to 69 year olds, and 18.2% women aged 70 or older. In males, the prevalence of iron depletion was 8.6% at ages 10 to 14 years, 3.9% at 15 to 17, and 2.6% at 70 years or older. In females, the prevalence of iron depletion was 17.2% at ages 10 to 14 years, 24.1% at 15 to 17, 33.0% at 18 to 49, and 5.7% at 70 years or older. Although normocytic anemia was most common in both males and females, the proportion of microcytosis and macrocytosis increased at age 70 or older. Conclusion :The prevalence of anemia and iron depletion was high in women of reproductive age and in the elderly. Considering the rapid increase in the older population, an intervention to prevent anemia and iron depletion is imperative.
The object of this study was to examine the acutal conditions about the elderly women's roles in the family and their better social activities. We asked 238 elderly women who live in seoul and are over 60 years old to investigate what they think about the degree of role performance, which role is important and participation of decision-making in family. They answered that most of them did housework such as 'cooking(55.7%)', 'cleaning(53.6%)', 'washing clothes(50.6%)' and 'making soy and bean paste(48.9%)' only a few did other jobs for example, 'getting document from government office(10.6%)' and 'the spiritual head of a family(11.9%)'. Also according to age and residence pattern, the aged women grow older, the rate of the role performance is family is lower. Single elderly women and married couple perform much more domestic duties, but widows with live together her son do them little. We found aged women think that mother's role or job is the most important. The rate of their participation for decision-making in the family is pretty high.(means=3.42,S.D.=1.17,range=1-5)