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      • 식민지시기 페스탈로찌 수용과정 연구

        김성학 경희대학교 부설 교육문제연구소 1998 論文集 - 경희대학교 교육문제연구소 Vol.14 No.1

        본 연구는 식민지시기에 조선인들이 페스탈로찌를 수용해 온 전 과정과 그 사회적 맥락은 아직 파악되지 못하고 있다는 인식 아래, 첫째로 식민지시기에 페스탈로찌를 수용해 온 과정을 확인하고, 둘째로 수용한 페스탈로찌관과 교육사상을 분석해 내며, 셋째로 당시의 사회경제적 상황과 페스탈로찌 수용간의 관련성을 파악하고자 하였다. 1920년대부터 1930년대 초반 사이에 이루어진 페스탈로찌 수용의 주요 계기는 1920년대의 문화운동과 1927년의 페스탈로찌 서거 백주년 기념제였다. 주요 매개기관은 동아일보사와 연희전문학교였다. 수용자들은 대부분 교육학을 배운 인사들이었다. 수용자들은 페스탈로찌를 빈민아동 교육가, 혹은 사회개량가라고 거듭 강조하고 있었다. 그의 교육사상의 소개는 Natorp가 정리해 놓은 교육원리를 일본을 통해 간접 수용하는 수준이었다. 그리고 농민층의 급속한 하강 분해, 그에 따른 대다수 농민의 빈농화, 교육기회를 박탈당한 농촌 아동의 퇴적 등 당시의 사회경제적 상황은 페스탈로찌 수용을 촉진시킨 '구조적' 요인으로 작용하고 있었다. 그러나 실제로 수용을 실현시킨 것은 문제해결 지향성이 강했던 조선인들의 의도적 수용 노력 때문이었다. 이와 같은 노력의 효과는 미지수이지만, 이 때부터 페스탈로찌는 교사들에게 이상적인 스승상으로 자리 잡아가기 시작했던 것으로 보인다. The purpose of this study was to examine the process of introduction of Pestalozzi into Korea in the colonial period and the relation of it with the socio-economic condition in that times. Koreans continued to introduce Pestalozzi from 1920's to early 1930's in the colonial period. In that effort. many writings on Pestalozzi appeared in the part of the cultural movement of 1920's and with the centenary of his death in 1927. The major institutions of introduction were The Dong-A Ilbo and Yonsei college. The most of writers had learned the subject of education. They emphasized repeatedly Pestalozzi as the educator for poor children or social reformer. But they didn't advance over the level of the introduction of Pestalozzi's educational thoughts after his educational principles which were analyzed by Natorp who had been discussed in Japan. The socio-economic conditions from 1920's to early 1930's such as the rapid degradation of farming population to lower class, their poor life, and the deprivation of educational opportunity of them, were structural factor which promoted the introduction of Pestalozzi into Korea. In addition, Koreans' intentional efforts to solve the problems made it actually introduced into Korea. However, it was doubtful whether such efforts were successful. Although this was a fact, it seemed gradually that Pestalozzi began to be regarded as a ideal model for educational practice by Korean teachers.

      • SCOPUSSCIEKCI등재

        제4뇌실에 발생한 낭미충증 1예

        김성학,정흥섭,주정화,이훈갑 대한신경외과학회 1978 Journal of Korean neurosurgical society Vol.7 No.2

        Cerebral cysticercosis, is unfortunately, a frequent disease in Korea. Cysticercosis in man is exclusively due to the development of Taenia solium larvae, called Cysticercus cellulosae, which is a frequent parasite in the pig. The clinical symptoms which are varied and similar to those of any other tumor of the brain, are depent on the location, number of parasite, intensity of infestation and susceptibility of the host. The headache, vertigo, nausea and vomiting, appearing periodically, and chiefly after a rapid change in the position of the head, were indicative of a cysticercus lying free in the fourth ventricle. We have recently experienced a case of cerebral cysticercosis which involved the 4th ventricle. A forty-year-old man was admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, Korea University in June, 1978 bacause of severe headache, repeated vomiting and diplopia which progressed gradually for two months previous to admission. On admission, there were no specific legalizing and lateralizing neurological abnormalities except for signs of mild cerebellar dysfunction and signs of increased intracranial pressure accompanying with bilateral optic papilledema. Conray ventriculogram disclosed the dilation of proximal portion of the 4th ventricle and smoothly rounded central filling defect of the 4th ventricle. Brain C-T Scan demonstrated the marked dilation of 4th ventricle in round shape without evidence of midline shift or compression. This enlarged 4th ventricle with water density was shown no evidence of the contrast inhancement. Suboccipital craniectomy was performed arid a cystic mass was removed from the fourth ventricle. Pathological diagnosis of the specimen was cysticercosis. Following surgery, the patient's symptoms cleared up and neurological deficits and papilledema improved gradually.

      • 이온도입법의 진통효과

        김성학,Kim, Seong-Hak 대한물리치료학회 2001 대한물리치료학회지 Vol.13 No.3

        This study was to determine whether iontophoresis application would produce analgesic effect for clinical practice. Physical therapist controls pain produced by various causes and plays a role improving functional disability. I studied varieties of pain theories, mechanisms and iontoporosis principles which need for physical therapist. These were summarized as follwings; 1 . In the case of chronic patients, it is helpful to adapt iontophoresis treatment as well as generalized treatments which goals for pain releasc. 2. lontophoresis treatment should be positively examined to control pains safely. efficienently without sideeffects. 3. lontoporesis treatment suggests the foundations that hormone or anaesthetics should be incluided in the range of medicines physical therapist can deal with.

      • 외상후 지연성 뇌실질내출혈에 대한 임상적 연구

        김성학 梨花女子大學校 醫科大學 醫科學硏究所 1985 EMJ (Ewha medical journal) Vol.8 No.4

        Twelve cases of delayed traumatic intracerebral hematoma(DTICH) were found retrospectively among 826 patients with closed head injuries admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, Ewhe Womans University in a 2-year period. All cases had severe head injuries sustained with the head in motion. The interval from cranial injury to diagnosis of DTICH by computerized tomography(CT) varied from 15 hours to 11 days. The diagnosis was made on repeat CT scans obtained because of the development of focal findings, lack of improvement and/ or general neurological deterioration. One patient had initially negative CT scans. Six patients demonstrated only extracerebral hematoma on initial CT scans. Two patients showed acute intracerebral hematoma on the initial scan followed by new hematomas on repeat study. Ten patients were treated surgically, and eight had fair & good results. The cases presented are discussed in the light of pertinent literature.

      • KCI우수등재

        日帝時代 海外留學生 集團의 敎育硏究活動과 西歐敎育學 導入

        金成學 한국교육학회 1996 敎育學硏究 Vol.34 No.5

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        이 연구는 일제시대 在外유학생들의 교육연구활동을 분석하여, 그들이 일제시대에 어떤 서구교육학(혹은 교육사상)을 도입했는지를 규명하고자 했다. 그리고 그것이 한국교육학연구 사에서 갖는 의미를 파악해 내려고 하였다. 연구의 결론은 다음과 같다. 첫째, 1920년대에 在日本朝鮮敎育硏究會와 ≪敎育硏究≫의 출현, 그리고 일본과 미국유학을 통한 교육학연구자의 계속적인 충원은 1920년대에 이르러 단순 번역시대를 지나 교육학연구의 시대로 접어들기 시작했음을 의미했다. 그러나 이는 본격적인 교육학연구의 시대로 나아가기 위한 과도기로서의 성격을 내포하고 있었다. 1945년 이후의 교육학연구의 흐름은 이런 교육학연구의 학문적 전통을 계승한 것으로 보아야 한다. 둘째, 일제시대에 일본유학생과 미국유학생이 서로 다른 서구교육사상을 수용하고 있었다는 점은 이후 미군정기 교육주도세력들간에 전개된 갈등에 한 가지 교육내적 원인으로 작용했다는 해석도 가능하다.

      • 교육학지식 형성 과정에 대한 분석과 모형의 탐색

        김성학 서원대학교 교육연구소 2002 敎育發展 Vol.21 No.1

        This research explored analytic model on the formative process of pedagogic knowledge in Korea of 1950's. Why this research focused on 1950's was that in that period new pedagogic paradigm could be shaped which was different from that of colonial period. And this research approached to the problem of knowledge formation by sociological method. For it, this research critically reviewed two theories related to knowledge formation: sociology of knowledge and theory of transnational knowledge transfer. The results were summarized as follows; Firstly, while sociology of knowledge examined various social conditions which affected knowledge formation, it used the concept of knowledge in a great many meanings and fell into epistemological arguments about relativism. Consequently, empirical researches were very rare. Above all, it didn't consider that knowledge was conditioned by social factors and it could have influence on the society at the same time. Secondly, the theory of transnational knowledge transfer showed us the influence of western states on the knowledge formation in peripheral state. Nevertheless it failed to recognize the specific social conditions in peripheral state and the positive role of educational groups in it. These results requested that two theories be integrated and new variables be added to explain the formative process of knowledge in Korea of 1950's. Analytic model on it should involve variables and relations among them as follows; External factors and internal factors were involved in the model. The former was the strong influence of the west, especially American academic communities by various means. The latter was the conditions in Korean education, society and system. The examples of the latter were educational substructure expanded rapidly, bureaucratism in society, furious ideological competition between south and north Korea in that times. Interacting and having selective affinity with specific pedagogic knowledge, these two factors condition its characteristics and form. At the same time they intervene in the formation, the growth and the activities of the domestic groups related with the formation of pedagogic knowledge. In turn, the domestic groups also serve to produce the pedagogic knowledge possessing specific characteristics. These pedagogic knowledges generate the effect of it, namely power. The power includes the force of social domination and micropower over personal behavior. Being accumulated with the lapse of time, the power has influence on internal factors, external factors and the domestic groups. This process is long-term. The effects of power become different by times. And the operation could be explicit or latent. In the future, empirical researches should be performed to identify more variables in the model and verify relations among them.

      • Genetic 알고리즘을 이용한 풀 온도 제어 시스템의 지식베이스 최적화

        김성학,Kim, Seong-Hak 한국정보처리학회 1994 정보처리논문지 Vol.1 No.3

        자동제어는 그 대상이 근사적 수식화가 가능한 선형시스템에 주로 적용되고 있다. 제어대상에 대한 수학적 모델링이 명확하게 결정되지 않는 경우에는 사람이 직접 제 어하는 수동제어를 하게 된다. 본 논문에서는 수영장과 같이 거의 전적으로 숙력가의 경험에 의존하고 있는 수동제어를 자동제어가 가능하게 FLC(Fuzzy Logic Controller) 를 구축하고, 여기서 사용되는 지식을 가장 최적의 상태로 유지하기 위해 genetic 알고리즘을 사용하여 전문가로부터 얻어온 지식을 개선한다. 또한 규칙부와 소속함수 는 동시에 수정되도록 알고리즘을 설계하여 수동제어보다 제어 성능이 향상됨을 보인 다. Automatic control has been for the most part applied to linear systems where ti can be approximately formalized. In case that it is not definitely established the mathematical modelling to control objects, it requires manual control strategies which put under the human rule. In this paper, it constructs an FLC (Fuzzy Logic Controller) in order to turn a hand control into an automatic control in the domain of swimming pool that has been almost absolutely dependant on a skilled worker's experience. Genetic algorithms upgrade the knowledge which is acquired from human expert, using by FLC, so as to maintain knowledge in the very optimal way. It also designs an algorithm that modifies the rule base and the membership function at the same time, and ultimately will show that it can get better result than human controllers.

      • KCI등재후보
      • KCI등재
      • 키토산 및 칼슘 처리와 저장고 형태에 따른 월동 온주밀감의 저장 중 품질변화

        김성학,고인호,고정삼 한국식품저장유통학회(구 한국농산물저장유통학회) 2002 한국식품저장유통학회지 Vol.9 No.1

        저장고 형태에 따른 온주밀감의 저장 중 품질특성을 검토하였다. 항균제로서 베프란(iminoctadime-triacetate) 2,000배 희석액, 키토산 1.5%에 0.5% CaCl_2를 혼합한 용액에 감귤을 충분히 침지하였다. 풍건시킨 후 26 L인 플라스틱 컨테이너에 감귤은 12 ㎏ 정도씩 담아 30℃에서 24시간동안 저장전처리를 하고, 상온저장과 내부온도 4℃, 상대습도 87%를 기준으로 저장하였다. CaCl_2를 함유한 키토산 용액을 처리한 감귤이 부패와 발생이 적고 중량감소도 적게 나타나, 부패미생물의 증식억제와 더불어 증산작용을 억제하는 효과가 있는 것으로 여겨졌다. 저장고내의 온습도 편차가 적은 저장고에서 낮은 부패율이 나타내어, 감귤저장 중 온도관리가 중요함을 알 수 있었다. 중량감소, 껍질과 과육의 수분 함량은 저장 중 서서히 감소하였으며, 저온저장에서 감소 폭이 적었다. 산 함량의 감소는 저장 4개월 동안 0.84∼0.90%이었다. 상온저장에서 환원당 함량은 저장 3개월 이후부터 감소폭이 많았으며, 비타민 C는 저장 60일 후부터 감소가 많아 장기간 저장으로 감귤품질이 떨어짐을 알 수 있었다. Quality changes of over-wintering satsuma mandarin (citrus unshiu Marc. var. miyagawa) during storage by chitosan and calcium treatment, and type of storage warehouse were investigated. Citrus were treated with 2000-folds diluted iminoctadime-triacetate solution and 1.5% chitosan with 0.5% CaCl_2 solution, and were at 30℃ for 24 h before storage. The citrus of about 12㎏/26L plastic container were stored at room temperature, and at 4℃ with 87% relative humidity. Chitosan and CaCl_2 solution treated citrus fruits were showed lower in decay ratio than the ones without treatment. Also, those chitosan and calcium treated citrus fruits showed less in weight loss, that seems it also has restraining effect of fruits' transpiration. Decay ratio of citrus with precise temperature and humidity control were lower than the others during storage. Weight loss, moisture content of peel and flesh were decreased slowly during storage, 0.84∼0.90% of acid content were decreased on 120 days' storage. Reducing sugar of citrus was decreased rapidly after 90 days, and vitamin C content were also decreased rapidly after 60 days during storage.

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