http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
Nephrotic syndrome is an unusual manifestation of IgA Nephropathy (IgAN). Some cases respond to steroid treatment. Here we describe a case-series of IgAN patients with steroid-responsive nephrotic syndrome. Twelve patients with IgAN with steroidresponsive nephrotic syndrome were evaluated and followed up. All patients presented with generalized edema. Renal insufficiency was found in two patients. The renal biopsy of eight patients revealed wide foot process effacement in addition to the typical features of IgAN. They showed complete remission after steroid therapy. Seven relapses were reported in five patients; six of the relapsed cases responded to steroid therapy. Compared with steroid-non-responsive patients, the patients with steroid-responsive nephrotic syndrome had shorter symptom duration, more weight gain, more proteinuria, and lower histologic grade than did those that had steroid-non-responsive nephrotic syndrome at presentation. None of the responders progressed to end stage renal disease, whereas five (38%) non-responders required dialysis or renal transplantation. Patients with IgAN who have steroid-responsive nephrotic syndrome likely have both minimal change disease and IgAN. The clinical features of sudden onset of generalized edema, initial heavy proteinuria and initial severe hypoalbuminemia might help identify the subset of patients, especially in low grade IgAN.
Achalasia is an uncommon esophageal motility disorder in which affected patients present with progressive dysphagia. Various causes were known in this disease. Esophageal achalasia is diagnosied by barium esophagogram, endoscopy and esophageal manometry. Treatment of esophageal achasia are pharmacotherapy, pneumatic dilatation, or botulinum toxin injection and surgical therapy. Balloon dilatation is a safe effective first line treatment. We report two cases of achalasia with normal lower esophageal sphincer pressure, typical endoscopic and typical esophagogram findings, which was treated successfully with pneumatic balloon dilatation.(Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Motility 2002;8:58-62)
Purpose : The origin of the vertebral artery (VA) is a frequent site of pseudostenosis on contrast-enhanced MRA (CEMRA). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between the motion of the aortic arch and pseudostenosis at the origin of the VA. Materials and Methods: Our study had approval of our institutional review board. 47 patients underwent CT angiography (CTA), CE-MRA, and 3D time-resolved contrast-enhanced MRA (TR-CEMRA) within 6.87±9.89 days (mean±SD). Percent stenosis using the NASCET criteria was measured on CTA and CE-MRA. CTA was used as a reference standard to classify the CE-MRA into pseudostenosis and control group. Pseudostenosis was determined as 50%-99% stenosis observed on CE-MRA but normal to less than 50% stenosis on CTA. Aortic motion (distance between the highest position and lowest position of aortic arch) was measured on TR-CEMRA. Age, route of intravenous contrast media, motion of aortic arch, and normal distal diameter of VA were compared between the two groups. Results: There were 17 patients and 23 vertebral arteries of pseudostenosis. Patients with pseudostenosis showed more aortic motion (3.61±1.88 vs. 2.05±1.97 mm) and older age (71.29±8.88 vs. 62.32±13.19 year-old). Route of intravenous contrast media and normal distal diameter of VA were not associated with pseudostenosis. Conclusion: VA origin is a frequent site of pseudostenosis. Older age and more motion of aortic arch are associated with pseudostenosis on CE-MRA.
Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma is a rare neoplasm that arises from the mesothelium of a serosal cavity and is a rapidly fatal disease with a median survival of 4 to 12 months for untreated cases. Recently, we experienced a case with malignant peritoneal mesothelioma who was suspected hepatocelluar carcioma by abdominal CT scan and was confirmed by biopsy including immunohistochemical stain(calretinin) after surgery. We performed tumor excisions and wedge resection of the liver(segment Ⅷ)and inserted Tencoff catheter in abdominal cavity at 25th day of post-operation. We treated with intraperitoneal paclitaxel(25mg/m^(2)/day for 5 days) six courses monthly. She was well tolerable and is still living without any evidence of recurrence for 14th month of post-operation.
A 40-year-old female visited the clinic for evaluation of Raynaud's phenomenon for a period of four years. The initial chest radiograph showed a fine reticular density and ground glass opacity with lower lobe predominance. These findings are consistent interstitial fibrosis. Additionally, high resolution CT showed multiple, small, coexisting nodular opacities, ranging from 3 to 7 mm in size in both lungs. These nodules grew up to 1.5 cm and showed moderate enhancement. Because of the rareness of intrapulmonary lymph node in patient of progressive systemic sclerosis, we couldn't exclude the possibility of malignancy. These nodules are turned out to be intrapulmonary lymph nodes on video-assisted thoracoscopic lung biopsy.