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          일제하 식민권력의 촌락 침투와 촌락 사회

          김민철 한국민족운동사학회 2010 한국민족운동사연구 Vol.64 No.-

          ■국문요약 일제하 식민권력의 촌락 침투와 촌락 사회 김민철 식민권력의 촌락 침투에 따른 촌락사회의 대응양상은 다양했다. 그 양상을 권력의 침투 정도와 촌락의 자율성을 기준으로 유형화한 결과, ‘농장형’과 ‘행정형(指導部落型과 사상통제형)’, ‘模範部落型’, ‘자율형’, ‘낙후형’으로 구분할 수 있었다. 농장형은 농업경영에서 소작인의 자율성이 사실상 부정되고 지주자본의 요구에 충실한 유형이다. 행정형은 집중적인 행정지도와 지원을 통해 농사개량을 추진한 지도부락형과 반일적 성향이 강한 촌락에 정책적인 지원을 통해 체제내로 수렴하려는 사상통제형으로 세분화될 수 있다. 모범부락형에는 주민의 자율성이 선행하고 행정지도ㆍ지원이 뒤따른 곳과 행정지도ㆍ지원이 선행하고 주민이 참여한 두 유형이 있으나, 행정의 지배와 주민의 자율이 상호 보완적으로 작용한 유형이라 할 수 있다. 그러나 戰時體制가 강화되어 가면서 행정의 요구가 주민의 자율을 압도함으로써 자율적인 공간은 심각하게 훼손되었다. 자율형은 보수적인 자치질서가 발달하였거나 종교상의 목적으로 형성되었기 때문에 행정 침투력이 상대적으로 낮은 촌락에 해당한다. 반면 낙후형은 촌락의 경제적인 능력이 매우 취약해서 촌락의 자치력은 물론 행정력의 침투도 함께 낮은 유형이다. 그리고 외부의 충격(식민권력과 상품화폐경제의 침투)에 대한 대응력을 개발이라는 관점에서 볼 때, 모범부락처럼 적극적으로 대응하여 촌락 개발에 성공한 경우는 촌락지도자의 유형과 주민의 단결력에 크게 의존하였다. 모범부락으로 성장한 마을은 지역유지나 독농가 등이 농사개량을 주도하고 중견인물이 청년회나 농촌진흥회 등의 간부로 활동하는 구조를 갖고 있었다. 그리고 자작농과 자소작농의 비중이 일반 촌락보다 높아 주민의 단결력이 상대적으로 높았다고 할 수 있다. 또한 동족구성에 따른 대응의 변화정도를 보면, 同族村이면서 民村인 경우가 班村보다 능동적으로 대응했으며, 2개성 이상의 동족촌은 문벌간의 대립이나 반상간의 갈등이 있는 곳은 개발이 부진한 경향이 컸다. 각성촌에서는 역시 지도자의 역할이 중요한 요소로 작용했다. ■Abstract Japanese Colonial Government-General’s Control of Korean Countryside and Korean Reaction to It Kim, Min-chul The countryside’s responses to the colonial rule were various: the farm-centered type; the bureaucratic type (guided model village type and ideological control type); the model village type; and self-rule type; and underdeveloped type. The farm-centered type is the type that suppressed the independence of the sharecroppers and satisfied the requirements of the land-capital. The bureaucratic type is composed of two different sub-types: the guided model village type in which agricultural reform was made by the support of concentrated colonial bureaucratic efforts and the ideological control type in which villages with strong anti-colonial sentiment were domesticated into the imperial ideological system by the support of the bureaucratic support. the model village type is compose of two different categories: the one in which the self-motivation preceded the bureaucratic supports, and the other in which the bureaucratic support preceded the villagers’ voluntary efforts. But in these two cases, the ultimate cooperation between the colonial rule and the villagers’ voluntarism was made harmoniously, though, as the total war efforts became more detrimental to the self-rule of the villages, the bureaucratic influence suppressed the voluntary desire of the villages, leaving less space for self-rule of the villagers. The self-rule type, composed of villages with more traditional self-rule system and of villages formed with religious goals, was relatively less permeable to the colonial rule. The underdeveloped type is the one in which both villagers’ self-rule and the colonial influence were not playing important roles because of its economic underdevelopment. Seen from the perspective of ‘development’, the countryside’ responses to the alien influences, that is, the inundation of the colonial rule and commodified money economy, the successfully developed cases of the model villages were resulted from the combination of the village leaders leadership and the villagers’ unified efforts. In model villages, renowned leaders and independent farmers led the agricultural reform and other middle-aged town leaders functioned as officials of the youth associations and the Countryside Revival Associations. And the percentage of independent farmers and half-independent farmers in these villages was higher than in other villages, making the unified efforts easier. On the other hand, whether villagers had the same family name or not was also an important factor in a village’s response to the colonial rule: the common class, same-family villages responded more actively than the aristocratic, same-family villages; villages with more than two family names.

        • KCI등재
        • KCI등재

          Application of TAM and QFD for analyzing the user requirement in u-Healthcare System - Focused on fitness service

          김민철,Kim, Min-Cheol The Society of Digital Policy and Management 2012 디지털융복합연구 Vol.10 No.3

          현재 모바일 또는 유비쿼터스 시스템을 포함한 하이테크 통신 기술의 중요성과 관련된 비즈니스 분야는 성장세를 거듭하고 있다. 개인적 삶의 질을 제고하기 위한 웰빙의 의미에서, ICT 기술은 선택이 아니라 필요 사항이 되고 있다. 본 연구의 첫 번째 목적은 u-휘트니스에 대상으로 TAM의 수용과 관련된 사용자의 인지된 유용성과 사용 용이성에 영향을 미치는 요소들을 인식한다. 이는 다중회귀분석을 통하여 그 사용자 행위에 영향을 미치는 요인을 탐색한다. 이러한 분석 결과와 연계하여 본 연구의 두 번째 목적은 QFD 방법을 사용하여 그 u-헬스 시스템에의 적용 가능성을 제시한다. 즉 본 연구는 QFD 방법을 사용하여 사용자 요구사항과 관련된 특성에 그 TAM의 외부 변수들을 결합할 수 있다는 가능성을 제안하는데 있다. 이러한 연구 결과에 근간하여 그 적합한 시스템이 구축되고 개발될 수 있을 것이다. The importance of hi-tech communications technology including mobile or ubiquitous system and the related business field is currently expanding. In terms of wellness for enhancing quality of individual life, ICT technology became a requirement, not an option. The first purpose of this study is to identify factors that influence user's perceived usefulness & perceived ease of use related to the acceptance of TAM focused on ubiquitous fitness service through multiple regression analysis, thereby discovering important factors influencing consumer behavior. In conjunction with the result, the second purpose of this study has also its implication on the u-Healthcare system development using QFD. That is, this research is to propose the possibility of combining the external variables of TAM to u-Healthcare system service characteristics with user requirement reflected by using QFD method. Based on these results, the suitable system may be constructed and developed.

        • 대중교통 환승 비용의 공평한 배분에 대한 연구

          김민철,강지원,김현진,최윤정 한국산업경영시스템학회 2019 한국산업경영시스템학회 학술대회 Vol.2019 No.춘계

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        • KCI등재

          Validation of the Uniform Case Definition Criteria for Differentiating Tuberculous Meningitis, Viral Meningitis, and Bacterial Meningitis in Adults

          김민철,박기호,이상암,김성한 대한감염학회 2019 Infection and Chemotherapy Vol.51 No.2

          We validated the uniform case definition for differentiating tuberculous meningitis (TBM) from both viral meningitis (VM) and bacterial meningitis (BM) in adults from South Korea, a country with an intermediate TB-burden. ‘Probable’ TBM differentiated ‘definite’ TBM with a sensitivity of 81% and specificity of 98%. ‘Possible TBM’ criteria identified ‘definite’ TBM with a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 60%. Despite the usefulness of the uniform case definition criteria, there was substantial overlaps among VM, BM, and ‘possible’ TBM, especially in severe cases of VM and indolent cases of BM.

        • KCI등재

          모바일 뱅킹 서비스의 수용 요인에 관한 탐색적 연구

          김민철,김승욱,김희철,김민수 한국고객만족경영학회 2006 고객만족경영연구 Vol.8 No.2

          ................................................................................................Mobile technologies and services have become one of the inevitable parts of people's lives and mobile businesses have also been widespread. Nevertheless, there have been no such studies of mobile services in the industry and most of the studies have been concentrated on mobile Internet services. therefore, the goals of this study is to find out corporate key parts for popularizing mobile banking services by clarifying the activate method of mobile banking services and to get some tips for service providers and users. The results are following; First, Service Quality, Personal Innovativeness, Social Influence, don't influence users' Perceived Usefulness, which means that when people use mobile banking services, whether people around them use the services doesn't have a significant effect on them. Considerably, that's because mobile banking services are different from games and entertainment contents provided through cell phones that many can easily use and be affected by people around them and reference groups. Second, people use mobile banking services; when they experience the convenience and familiarity; when the service would help them work efficiently. Much of the preceding researches have dealt with service provider only and have focused on mobile Internet. In this regard, when it comes to a viewpoint that regards the mobile banking sector as a new sector of mobile businesses, this study is significant.In conclusion, mobile banking service providers should design handset interface and systems that would help people use the service more easily and familiarly and need to take account of marketing techniques that could encourage users' innovativeness and make them understand the usefulness of the service.

        • KCI등재후보

          제주 오름의 휴식년제에 대한 방문객 인식

          김민철,최광웅 제주대학교 관광과경영경제연구소 2019 産經論集 Vol.39 No.1

          Purpose – The purpose ot this study is to analyze current Oreum's yearly breaks by surveying the visitors and find ways to utilize the Oreum in the sustainable tourism resources and Oreum management. Research design, data, and methodology - The research methodology will be reviewed first through reviewing and analyzing the previous researches, and the outline of the ascension, social and cultural value, the effect of the introduction of the Orum's yearly breaks and the operation status. The questionnaires were verified through the pilot test which based on the previous research and related experts opinions. After that, this questionnaire was collected and statistical analysis was carried out, and implications were derived based on the analysis results. Result - The results of the analysis showed that the regression equations are statistically significant in all of the three dependent variables, and all the influencing factors are significant at the statistical significance level of 5% when the dependent variable is satisfied. In addition, when the dependent variable is another recommendation, the remaining factors except for the facility factor are meaningful at the statistical significance level of 10%. In the case of the dependent variable revisit, only 10% of the control factors and the legal factors are significant at the statistical significance level. Conclusion - First, from the results of multiple regression analysis, attraction, facility, admission control, information provision, legal factors were found to be the main factors in the satisfaction of visitor, and this result showed that understanding of the value of ascension described in this study, is needed. Second, it is important to note that awareness of visitors about yearly break is not high, but awareness of implementation is positive. Lastly, the visitors are in favor of the high rate of various systems to preserve the natural environment and ecological value of Jeju-Oreum, such as the reservation visit system, the one day visit limit system, is encouraging.If the basis for the overall ecological survey and conservation and management of the Oreums are provided, such activities will be the promotion of tourism products and will form the foundation for the sustainable tourism resources of Jeju-Oreum.

        • KCI등재

          인터넷뱅킹 시스템 평가 및 추천 요인에 대한 실증 분석

          김민철,노규성,김희철 한국디지털정책학회 2004 디지털융복합연구 Vol.2 No.2

          The main purpose of this study is to establish the empirical model of internet banking system. The results of this study shows that the statistical significant lies in confidentially and response among many factors. And additionally another result for recommendation factor by legit analysis that there is the significant result. Thus in the present period, bank company will focus to rise up the reliance of the internet banking system.

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