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본 연구는 미래창조과학부 공무원들의 공직동기, 네트워킹 행동, 유리천장이 조직성과에 미치는 영향과 더불어 직무만족의 매개효과를 살펴보는데 주된 목적을 두고 구조방정식모형 분석을 실시하고자 하였다. 분석결과 공직동기는 조직성과에 직접적으로 정(+)적인 영향을 미치는 동시에 직무만족을 통하여 간접적으로도 조직성과에 정(+)적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 네트워킹 행동은 조직성과에 직접적으로 영향을 미치지는 않았으나, 직무만족을 통하여 간접적으로 조직성과에 정(+)적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 유리천장은 조직성과에 직접적으로 부(-)적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타난 반면에, 직무만족을 통하여 간접적으로 조직성과에 영향을 미치지는 않는 것으로 나타났다. 직무만족은 조직성과에 직접적으로 정(+)적인 유의미한 영향을 미치는 변수로 검증되었다. 아울러 이들 변수들이 조직성과에 직·간접적으로 미친 상대적 영향력은 공직동기(β=.488)가 가장 크게 나타났고, 그 다음 직무만족(β =.354), 유리천장(β =-.139), 네트워킹 행동(β =.052) 등의 순으로 나타났다. 이와 같은 분석결과는 미래창조과학부 관련 정책결정자들이 향후 조직성과를 제고시키기 위한 정책수립 시 공직동기, 직무만족, 유리천장, 네트워킹 행동 등의 변수들을 효과적인 관리수단으로 고려해야 할 것이며, 더불어 이들 변수들 간 우선순위의 크기를 반영하여 적용하는 전략이 필요함을 시사하고 있다.
This study was conducted to find out the effects of the food quality of Korean restaurants on customer satisfaction and loyalty. For the study, a total of 210 questionnaires were distributed to the customers who visited Korean restaurants in Gwangju · Jeolla area and 198 valid samples were analyzed. SPSS 22.0 was used for frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, and regression analysis. The food quality of Korean restaurants was divided into the four following factors: 1) nutrition, 2) hygiene, 3) convenience, and 4) sense. The results showed that nutrition and sense had significant effects on both customer satisfaction and loyalty. Hygiene had a significant influence only on customer satisfaction, while convenience affected loyalty. And customer satisfaction had a significant effect on loyalty. Based on the results, it is important to have a competitive advantage in the rapidly changing dining environment by providing differentiated and high-quality food and establishing positive and long-term relationships with customers. In addition, it is important for Korean restaurants to control sanitary thoroughly and to develop easy-to-eat and easy-to-packfoods in order to adapt to changing dining environment and to meet the needs of consumers.
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김미정. 2003. A Case Study of Language Behavior in Waiting on Customers at Department Stores and Marketplaces. The SocioIingujstic Journal of Korea, 11(1). 본고는 한국의 백화점과 시장에 있어서의 접객언어 행동을 분석한 것이다. 분석에는 필자가 직접 손님이 되어 백화점 점원, 시장 상인들과 나눈 회화를 수록, 문자화한 자료를 사용했다. 문자화자료는 발화문단위로 나누어, 백화점의 점원 및 시장 상인의 발화에 나타난 문말표현 형식에 주목하였다. 고찰의 대상이 되는 장면은, 가장 정형적(定型的)인 응대가 예상되는 백화점 대표안내의 전화응대를 비롯하여, 백화점의 대면접객과 시장 상인들의 접객의 세 장면이다. 분석결과 밝혀진 것은 다음과 같다. ·백화점의 전화응대에서는, 백화점의 성격에 따라서 출현율에 차이는 있지만, 한국어의 polite formal style인 「합쇼채」는 기본접객용어와 같은 매뉴얼발화에 출현하고, 손님과의 교섭에 있어서의 세세한 대응은 「해요체」가 중심이 되어 단정을 피하며 부드럽게 대응하고 있다고 판단된다. ·시장에서는 방언형 「하이소체」>「해예체」와 비경의체인 반말 등, 여러 가지 스타일이 다양하게 출현하고 있다. 또한 농담이나 웃음을 동반하는 발화내용에 의한 배려표현과 함께 일상적으로 친근감을 느낄 수 있는 시장의 분위기를 나타내고 있다고 할 수 있다.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the degree of self-monitoring (SM), the task situation and the appeal type of advertising impact on consumer behavior: in inner wear purchase. Information for the study was obtained with the use of experimental design. the experimental materials for the study were two-type inner wear advertisements (image appeal Ad/product appeal Ad). The subjects were 270, who were randomly sampled women undergraduate students in Korea, and main-test subjects (70 high SM subjects/69 low SM subjects) were assigned to the cells of 2 (self usage/gift-giving)×2 (quality appeal Ad/image appeal Ad). According to the 2×(2×2) mixed factorial design, the level of SM score, the type of task situation score and the level of appeal type of advertising score were compared and tested by analysis of ANOVA. The results of experiment were as follows: 1. Experimental I. the results showed the product preference on inner wear was the significant 3-way interaction effects among the degree of SM, the task situation, and the appeal type of advertising as well as the significant main effects of the appeal type of advertising. That is, the situation impact differs from the appeal type of advertising according to the degree of SM. 2. Experimental II. the results showed the purchase intention on inner wear was the significant 2-way interaction effects between the appeal type of advertising and the task situation as well as the significant main effects of the appeal type of advertising and the task situation. That is, there is considerable difference in gift-giving situation rather than in selfusage situation according to the appeal type of advertising.
Type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP1) is an IgG4-related systemic disease that mimics tumors. We report a rare case of AIP1 accompanied by mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN). A pancreatic lesion was incidentally detected in a woman in her 60s. After 6 years of follow-up, the lesion abruptly increased in size. Computed tomography showed a 3.5 cm unilocular cyst in the tail of the pancreas and distal pancreatectomy was performed. On microscopic examination, the cyst was lined by mucinous and non-mucinous epithelial cells with mild cytologic atypia. The surrounding stroma comprised ovarian-type spindle cells with progesterone receptor positivity. The pericystic pancreas exhibited multifocal lymphoid follicles, lymphoplasmacytic infiltrations, obliterative phlebitis, and storiform fibrosis. IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltration (215 cells high-power field) and the IgG4/IgG ratio (57%) were increased. Cases of MCN coexisting with AIP1 are extremely rare; only two such cases have been reported in the English-language literature. This third case featured low-grade MCN with AIP1.
The fragments of a wall painting excavated from among the historical remains of Jeseoksa Temple in Iksan. The extent of the damage to the fragments was examined and an analysis of the components of the pigment was conducted. The results of the component analysis of the pigment confirmed that the white pigment consisted of alkali feldspar and mullite. Although the results of the visual inspection revealed differences in color in the red and black pigments, the main component of the two colors was confirmed to be iron oxide. Red and black pigments are found at the same position. Although differences of color is obvious, those are identified as hematite and magnetite of oxidized steel's affiliation. It is judged that Differences of ingredients happened by external environment's factors.
This study will try to establish proper dietary habits and will provide fundamental data for effective weight control by studying the effects of water intake during meals, which is suspected to be one of the reasons for obesity, on body weight, and hematological changes. Twenty ICR mice were separated into two groups of 10; 4 weeks old and 8 weeks old. They were then classified into test group A(n=5) and test group C(n=5) which were supplied with water immediately after ingestion and test group B(n=5) and test group D(n=5) which were supplied with water 1 hour after ingestion. Body weight and hematological alteration in each group were compared and analyzed. The results of the test are as follows: As for the changes in body weight according to the different timing of water intake, test group A at 4 weeks old that was provided with water immediately after ingestion and test group B at 8 weeks old that was provided with water 1 hour after ingestion showed significant differences in the decrease in body weight increase rate (p〈0.05). Test group C at 8 weeks old was provided with water immediately after ingestion and test group D was provided with water 1 hour after ingestion. The two groups did show a difference in the decrease of body weight increase rate, but it was not statistically significant. Therefore, it could be said that the younger the age of the mouse is and the later the timing of the water intake, the more effective the body weight increase rate would be decreased. According to the results of hematological analysis, the test group that was provided with water 1 hour after ingestion showed a lower than average level of glucose, total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) compared with the test group that was provided with water immediately after ingestion. In the 4 weeks old group of mice, the differences in glucose (p〈0.01) and triglycerides (p〈0.01) were statistically significant and the differences in the mice at 8 weeks old were also statistically significant. As it is shown above, the timing of water intake after ingestion of a meal did effect changes in body weight of ICR mice and hematological changes as well. Therefore, it could be considered that drinking water after a certain period of time after meals is an effective way of preventing or curing obesity by controlling increases in body weight.