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In this study, a model curriculum for the Library and Information Science programs in Junior Colleges is presented by comparing those curricula of the Republic of Korea, the United States of America, England and Japan. In Korea, 80 credits are required for graduate of Junior College and 60 credits of that total credits are for major courses. At Toshokan Danki Daikagu in Japan, 73 credits are opened for the Department of Library Science and 87 credits for the Department of Library and Information Science respectively. In the United States of America, 30 credits at Mesa Community College distinctively. On the basis of the various analyses, the following principles are applied in designning the model curriculum; (1) Possibly 3 credits per subject are assigned, (2) Major credits for graduate are 60-64 credits including possible optional subjects, (3) 20 percents of those 60-64 credits shall be applied for electives, so that 72-78 credits are assigned for major, (4) In order to combine theory and practice, and to select practice areas as required major, the ratio between required and elective must be adjusted, (5) In order to avoid duplication of subject, adequate individuality must be provided, (6) The Information Science areas must be dealt with in Library Science since computer systems are being rapidly adopted in libraries and the education for resources of materials and foreign languages are also important for successful fulfillment of mediator's roles between materials and users. Therefore the following model curriculum is suggested; 31 credits in 11 subjects for required major, 46 credits in 18 subjects for electives in major, total 77 credits for 29 subjects are established, and it includes such areas as material organization, foreign languages, resources of materials, library management, information science, fundamental studies, services and practice
This study aims to analyze the changes in the mechanical properties of woven fabrics(cotton, linen, wool, silk, and polyester) by bonding fusible interlinings with varying deniers(10D, 20D, and 30D) for a 3D virtual try-on system(one that a user to try garments through screens using Avatar) developed over the last decade. We experimented with four mechanical properties and thicknesses of twenty-three specimens of interlining bonded fabrics including face fabrics and interlinings by using the KES-FB-AUTO system. The results showed that the tensile property increased(LT and RT increased and WT decreased) as the denier of the interlining increased; however, the change was slight. In contrast, the bending and shear properties increased significantly as the denier of the interlining increased on both the warp and the weft. This showed evidence that the interlining gives the fabrics size stability. The compression property was slight changed as the tensile property varies depending on the fibers and the denier of interlining. As expected, the thickness increased by bonding the interlining as the denier of interlining increased. From these results, we conclude that 3D users need to reflect these changes of woven fabrics by bonding interlinings when they try screen fittings to accurately express the fabric reality of manufactured garment.
아세테이트는 1865년 처음 생산되었으며 사진의 필름베이스나 접착제의 조성으로 사용되었다. 아세테이트는 셀룰로스의 -OH기가 모두 아세틸기로 치환된 트리아세테이트와 일부 남아있는 디아세테이트가 있으며 아세테이트가 섬유로서 생산된 것은 1924년이다. 아세테이트 섬유는 초기 탄성률이 작아서 좋은 드레이프성과 부드러운 촉감을 가지고 있으며 실크와 같은 광택을 지니고 있으면서도 물빨래가 가능하다. 특히 트리아세테이트는 합성섬유와 달리 촉감이 미끈미끈(waxy)하지 않으면서 가공할 때 열처리를 거쳐 아세테이트보다 감촉이 빳빳하지만 열가소성이 좋아서 주름치마, 블라우스 등의 목적으로 열고정이 가능하다. 또한 알칼리에 강하고 세탁에 잘 견디며 염색가공을 완전히 할 수 있는 이점이 있다. 혼방직물의 염색 시 각 섬유는 본연의 특성에 맞는 염료를 사용하여 염색하게 되는데 제품으로 사용하기 위해서는 염색 후 두 섬유의 색 강도를 같게 해줘야 한다. 혼방물의 염색 방법에는 각 섬유에 적합한 염색 조건에 맞는 2개의 염욕에서 순차적으로 염색하는 2욕 염색법과 하나의 염욕에서 각 섬유에 적합한 염색을 진행 시키는 1욕 염색법이 있다. 본 연구에서는 트리아세테이트/PET 혼방섬유로 제직된 직물의 분산염료의 에너지 타입에 따른 1욕 복합염색에서의 염색 특성을 고찰하였다.
As a research on up styles that would apply curves’ formative principles-based designs, the study assumes that as one of the visual arts, this activity to describe one’s own originality by making changes in a form of hair using constant physical strength is similar to hair- style presentation methods in relation to elements and principles of the formative arts, and that is why the study has decided to develop its research from an angle of the formative arts. As for the theoretical discussion on up styles with curves’ formative principles-based designs applied, this study searched for references and data in previously-conducted theses and on the Internet and as referring to pictures, the study analyzed characteristics of images which helped the study with its investigation. With curvy sculptures applied as motives, a total of six new hair designs were created. The first work was inspired by Ahrang Tower at Chupungnyeong of Yeongdong in a romantic way and in regard to the second one, another sculpture at Gwanghwamun Gate was the motive, and the work was processed with some graceful touches. The third design was made with a sculpture at a county residents’ square in Haenam applied as a motive, and it feels stable. In terms of the fourth work, the study designed it out of an environmentally-symbolic sculpture in a sophisticated way. The study added future-oriented airs to the fifth and the sixth with a landmark sculpture at Incheon International Airport and a formative structure by Frank Gehry applied as motives, respectively. While proceeding with its research, the study was led to the beauty of up styles as transforming the curvy sculptures into the creative pieces of work, and the study also suggests that other follow-up researches into up styles that would use the formative principles of different topics should be continuously carried out.
Objective To know the effectiveness of a custom molded fitting chair between pre- and post-chair status through comparison of musculoskeletal indices in severely disabled children.Methods We researched 34 severely disabled patients who had used a custom molded fitting chair continuously for more than a year. There were 27 cerebral palsy patients and 7 patients with other kinds of diseases that affect the brain such as chromosomal disease or metabolic disease. By radiographic studies, Cobb's angle, the femoral neck-shaft angle of the femur, and Reimers migration percentage were measured. The indices are analyzed before and after application.Results The average period of application was 24 months. There was a significant reduction in the angles of femur neck-shaft, 163.4 degree before and 158.2 degree after the use of the chair (p<0.05), and 23 of 34 had demonstrated a reduced angle. Cobb's angle and Reimers migration percentage increased but the difference of pre- and post-chair status was not statistically significant. Seventeen of 33 children showed reduced Cobb's angle. Also, 19 of 37 showed a reduced degree of dislocation of the hip joints.Conclusion In spite of the use of a custom molded fitting chair, a significant improvement did not emerge for musculoskeletal deformity indices in severely disabled children. However, there was no significant aggravation of Cobb's angle or Reimers migration percentage in developing children. Therefore, it is thought be helpful to prevent rapid aggravation of musculoskeletal deformities.
This study aims to objectively evaluate cotton fabrics by varying the denier of fusible interlining. The author collected four types of cotton fabric (sateen, duck, twill, and corduroy) and three types of interlinings (10D, 20D, and 30D). Then they tested six mechanical properties and hand for sixteen specimens. Sateen was the representative cotton fabric used for this evaluation. The mechanical properties of sateen are as follows: mechanical properties of the fusible interlining fabrics increase as B, 2HB, and G as the denier increases in the interlining, which implies that garment stability increases. Furthermore, MIU, LC, and SMD increased slightly after fusing the interlining. The results of a sensibility evaluation of the sixteen specimens are as follows: Koshi increased after fusing the interlining, but Numeri and Fukurami decreased. The total fabric hand value decreased after fusing the interlining, but the interlining denier increased in ascending order of 10D, 20D, and 30D.
Embryonic stem cell classically cultured on feeder layer with FBS contained ES medium. Feeder-free mouse ES cell culture systems are essential to avoid the possible contamination of nonES cells. First we determined the difference between ES cell and MEF by Oct4 population. We demonstrate to culture and to induce differentiation on feeder free condition using a commercially available mouse ES cell lines.