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      • 패턴言語에 의한 空間構成 方法에 關한 硏究

        金東贊 대구효성가톨릭대학교 1982 연구논문집 Vol.25 No.1

        This article deals with the techniques and processes of space organization by pattern Language which is the system of patterns to form a language. A Pattern language is a system which allows its users to create an infinite variety of those three dimensional combinations of patterns which we call buildings, gardens, towns. It defines the linited number of arrangements of spaces that make sense in any given culture. And it actually gives us the power to generate these coherent arrangements of space. A pattern language has the structure of a network. When we use the network of a language, we always use it as a sequence, going through the patterns, moving always from the larger patterns to the smaller, always from the ones which create structrues, to the ones which then embellish those structures. Each pattern as any general planning principle is an operator which defferentiaties space. The language is a sequence of these operators. The language is a good one, capable of making something whole, when it is morphologially and functionally complete. When a pattern language is properly used, it allows the person who uses it to make places which are a part of nature.

      • KCI등재

        가로식재유형이 보행경관평가에 미치는 영향분석

        김동찬,박경모,Kim, Dong-Chan,Park, Kung-Mo 한국조경학회 2006 韓國造景學會誌 Vol.34 No.5

        Recently there have been great interest in the street landscapes, and numerous studies have been investigating shaping processes of urban landscapes, legal systems for scenery management, landscape preference and evaluation techniques. However, there are only few studies investigating how planting types influence on street landscape evaluation and how the relationships among street landscapes are. This study aims to make a guidelines which can be used for securing afforestation in urban settings and improving urban environment. In specific, the results of this study can provide guidelines for urban street design and the base knowledge for identifying appropriate requirements for better street landscapes. We identify factors which make shape certain images of street landscape, and draw physical factors influencing on visual appropriateness through visual landscapes evaluation process. To evaluate landscapes according to planting types, on-the-spot survey at 14 streets in Gang-Nam district were made. The district is under executing street improving projects and shows the most satisfying planting types. To evaluate street landscapes which people experience during their walking, 100m of continuous streets are chosen. The survey sites exclude streets with irregular pattern, are adjacent to large urban parks or are used as parking spaces in part. We evaluated 9 street landscapes classified into 1-line-planting, 2-line-planting and 3-line-planting on the basis of the location of planting and the planting methods.

      • KCI등재후보

        Extranodal Malignant Lymphoma Concurrent Involving Female Urethra and Cervix: a Case Report

        김동찬,김유미 대한자기공명의과학회 2020 Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Vol.24 No.3

        Extranodal lymphoma presents in almost one-third of all non-Hodgkin lymphoma cases. The gastrointestinal tract, skin, and central nervous system are common sites of involvement, whereas the urethra and cervix are very rare. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on concurrent extranodal involvement of the uterine cervix and urethra. We report imaging findings of malignant lymphoma involving urethra and cervix concurrently in a 79-year-old female patient with literature review. The magnetic resonance imaging showed huge intermediate to high signal intensity mass on T2 weighted images and strong homogeneous enhancement in uterine cervix and periurethral area, but no surrounding architectural disruption.

      • KCI등재

        농어업유산의 경관 잠재력 파악을 위한 IPA 연구 - 청산도를 중심으로 -

        김동찬,최우영,Kim, Dong-Chan,Choi, Woo-Young 한국조경학회 2014 韓國造景學會誌 Vol.42 No.4

        본 연구의 목적은 농어업유산과 경관의 관계 규명을 통하여 농어업유산의 경관특성요소를 도출하고, 이를 바탕으로 한국농어업유산 제1호로 지정받았으며, 국내에서는 처음으로 세계중요농업유산(GIAHS)에 등재된 청산도의 경관특성요소를 유형화한 후, 이에 대하여 방문객들이 중요시 여기는 인자와 만족하는 인자 간의 차이를 파악함으로써, 한국농어업유산으로 지정된 청산도의 경관 보존 및 관리를 위한 우선순위를 제시하는 것이다. 이를 위하여 농어업유산과 경관의 관계 규명 및 농어업유산의 경관특성요소 도출을 위한 문헌고찰, 청산도의 경관특성 요소를 도출하기 위한 현장답사, 청산도의 경관특성요소에 대한 중요도-만족도 설문조사를 실시하였고, SPSS 20.0을 활용하여 신뢰도분석, 기술통계분석, IPA 분석을 실시하였으며, 그 결과는 다음과 같다. 1사분면에 분포하여 지속적 노력을 요하는 인자는 유채꽃밭, 바다, 청보리밭, 구들장논, 방파제와 등대, 전복양식장, 돌집, 초가집, 해안도로, 슬로길, 성서마을 돌담길, 주민농업행위로 분석되었다. 2사분면에 분포하여 집중적 관리전략이 필요한 인자로는 주변산지, 선착장, 도청항, 선박들, 수산물시장, 독살이돌담, 원색지붕농가, 느린섬여행학교, 펜션과 카페, 버스정류장, 정자목, 횟집거리, 해수욕장, 촬영지로 분석되었다. 3사분면에 분포하여 관리 조절이 필요한 인자는 소나무숲, 해변, 갯벌, 마늘밭, 비닐하우스, 곡식건조장, 미역 건조장, 문화유산전시장, 초분, 당리굿, 장터, 주민어업행위, 주민산업행위, 주민일상행위, 선착장 방문 행위, 슬로길 산책 행위, 특산물 섭취 쇼핑 행위, 농어업 체험 행위로 분석되었다. 4사분면에 분포하여 과잉 노력으로 분석된 요인은 도출되지 않았다. The purpose of this study is to derive landscape characteristic elements of agricultural and fishery heritage and to classify landscape characteristic elements of Cheongsando designated as Korean agricultural and fishery heritage No.1 as well as a Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System (GIAHS). Additionally, this study was conducted to suggest priority for conservation and management of Cheongsando by grasping differences between factors which visitors deem as important and satisfying. To implement this study, the literature review was written, an on-site survey to derive landscape characteristic elements of Cheongsando and a survey on importance and satisfaction of landscape characteristic elements of Cheongsando were conducted, and reliability analysis, descriptive statistical analysis and IPA analysis were performed using SPSS 20.0. The results are as follows: The analysis showed the factors requiring persistent efforts in the first quadrant are the rape flower garden, the sea, green barley field, flat stone paddy field, breakwater and lighthouse, abalone farms, stone houses, thatched houses, a coastal road, the slow road, Stonewall Walkway of Seongseo Village, and residents' agricultural behaviors. The analysis showed the factors needing intensive management strategies in the second quadrant are the surrounding mountain area, dock, Docheong Harbor, vessels, fish market, Doksari stone wall, garish-roofed farm villages, excursion school to a slow island, pension and cafe, bus stop, shade trees, Raw Fish Street, the beach and the filming site. Analysis indicated that the factors needing management control in the third quadrant are the pine grove, the beach, tidal mudflat, the garlic fields, vinyl greenhouses, grain drying yard, sea mustard drying yard, heritage center, Choboon, Dangri exorcism, the market place, residents' fishery behaviors, residents' industrial behaviors, residents' ordinary behaviors, visitors' behaviors that visiting the dock, visitors' behaviors that walking the slow road, visitors' behaviors that eating and shopping for specialties, visitors' behaviors that experiencing agriculture and fishery. Excessive effort factors in the fourth quadrant were not derived.

      • KCI우수등재

        북한의 혁명사적지 및 혁명전적지 형성에 관한 기초연구

        김동찬,안봉원,서주환,김광래,김신원 한국조경학회 1996 韓國造景學會誌 Vol.23 No.4

        This research study presents historic revolutionary sites in North Korea. In this study, the creation of historic revolutionary sites in North Korea after the Liberation of Korea in 1945, as yet unpublished in the field of landscape architecture and urban planning, is investigated. For conducting this study, the method of true and urban planning, is investigated. For conducting this study, the method of archival research, in which regarding documents, plans and photographs are investigated, was used. This study covers notions, establishment, related laws and regulations, distribution and present status, developmental stages, concrete examples, and general characteristics, of historic revolutionary sites in North Korea. In North Korea, historic revolutionary sites mean all the places where revolutionary achievements of Kim, Ill-Sung and his family are reached. Those sites have been actively created for the purpose of the idolization of Kim, Ill-Sung since the 1960s. In recent years, the sites have been revobated and new places of this kind have been constructed, so that various idolization facilities and structures are now everywhere in North Korea. Historic revolutionary sites are mainly distributed now everywhere in North Korea. Historic revolutionary sites are mainly distributed now everywhere in North Korea. Historic revolutionary sites are mainly distributed in Pyungyang, the forest areas of Mt. Pakdu, the areas along the shore of the Tuman River and the Abrock River. In those sites, various historic revolutionary relics are preserved, and the statues of Kim, Ill-Sung, historic revolutionary monuments, revolutionary museums and other facilities are constructed. These places can not be regarded as planned spaces for people in true the meaning of place, and accordingly they must be reconstructed for people's use. They can be redeveloped as places of history, culture and deucation, theme parks, green open spaces, and sight-seeing facilities after unification of Korea. This study can be used as valuable information for further study especially for the reconstruction planning of the places in preparation for a probable unified Korea. For a profound study, North Korea must open broader and more accurately detailed documents, regarding historic revolutionary sites, to the outside world, and the South Korean Government must also have a sense of co-ownership of the information about North Korea rather than exclusive possession and restrictions. Ultimately, academic exchange between South and North Korea must be realized and on-the-spot surveys must be carried out so as to find a reasonable land use plan for the historic revolutionary sites for a future unified Korea.

      • KCI우수등재

        일본 아스카지역의 추정 백′제조경유적에 관한 사례 연구

        김동찬,안봉원 한국조경학회 1997 韓國造景學會誌 Vol.24 No.4

        There is not enough excavation examples and bibliographies to study the garden of Baek Je as the ancient landscape architecture style This study was to seek the ancient Japanese gardens which had a great concern with Baek Je in order to surmount the limitation in the study on Baek Je's Gardens . As the result, there were founded the three ponds and one garden facility in ancient Japanese gardens focused on Aska region. The traces of the landscape architecture of Baek Je style were founded in the pond form and rubble masonry and such like. This study was the first trial to the study on the garden of Baek Je style in Japan And excavation examples which had a concern with Baek Je will be more in Japan. So more study is needed.

      • KCI우수등재

        무속 공간모형에 의한 남사마을 공간 해석에 관한 연구

        김동찬,이윤수,임상재 한국조경학회 1999 韓國造景學會誌 Vol.27 No.2

        Shamanism is an ancient culture that is also considered as a religious rite by most of people. So, shamanism is an important part of Korean tradition and should be a significant base to the Korean exterior space organization theme. However in the field of Landscape architecture th principle of exterior spacing has not yet clearly been identified as shamanistic. Therefore believe that this study can exhibit a model for the study of shaministic space language and its application to one of Korean's village Namsa. The results of this study are summarized below; 1. Extracted models are Unspecialized· Circular·Coninuous space. These are analyzed on the basis of the shaministic space language. Also shaministic space languages are based with Korean common belief of eternal human identify, circular view of the world. 2. Applying the shamanistic space models to Namsa village shows that shamanistic space models follow the Korean space organization principle. Some area of the village do not apply, because they were built on the structure of the social hierarchy between families or the difference between head households and collateral households. 3. Applying the shamanistic space model to Namsa village shows that the shamanistic space model follows the Korean space organization principle. Therefore can say that Namsa village was built by a shamanistic system that pursued eternal human identity.

      • KCI우수등재

        대학교문의 조형적 특성과 선호도에 관한 연구

        김동찬,성현지 한국조경학회 1999 韓國造景學會誌 Vol.27 No.1

        The purpose of this study is to focus on the characteristics of the form and preference of the main gates of universities. The gate of a university have both functions and artistic design aspects. Fifty-two universities selected for this study were placed all around country except for Je-ju island. The following two research methods were used for this study. 1) an analysis of form character through a classification of the types. 2) and analysis of preference to the gates through a side show. The results are summarized as follows: 1. Main gates of universities were classified by covered-type and uncovered-type in existence of cover. And they were classified by eighteen types in detail. 2. Visual preference have been analyed by using the regression, the result is as follows: Y=-0.357+0.630 X$_4$+0.377X$_1$+0.075X$_2$-0.015X$_3$($R^2$=0.971, X$_4$;harmony, X $_1$;speciality, X$_2$;softness, X$_3$;complex) 3. The gate of Chung-Ang university(Ahn Sung campus) is the highest of all the universities at the average of preference 4.32 through result of slide show. Covered type has a higher preference than uncovered type. This has a good modification and decoration in front side type of main gate.

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