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      • KCI등재

        한국 황해지역의 DMS 분포특성에 대한 연구 - 덕적도를 중심으로

        김기현,김지영,송기범,김나영,이강웅,배귀남,Kim, Ki-Hyun,Kim, Ji-Young,Song, Ki-Bum,Kim, Na-Young,Lee, Gang-Woong,Bae, Gwi-Nam 한국지구과학회 2000 韓國地球科學會誌 Vol.21 No.1

        황해지역에서 생성 및 배출되는 자연황화합물의 규모를 정량적으로 구명하기 위한 노력의 일환으로, 본 연구진은 황해에 위치한 덕적도를 주 측정점으로 설정하고 대기 중에 존재하는 DMS의 농도분포를 1999년 4월과 9월 2차례의 집중측정기간을 통해 측정하였다. 그리고 이에 덧붙여 1999년 6월에는 청도-인천간 해상실험을 통해 황해상의 DMS 농도를 측정하였다. 덕적도를 중심으로 시행한 양 측정기간 중 DMS의 농도값은 4월 측정의 경우 평균과 표준오차가 $24.0{\pm}40.5$ pptv(n=40)인데 반해 9월 측정의 경우 $61.1{\pm}37.9$ pptv(n=35)로 나타났다. 그리고 선상실험에서 측정한 DMS 값은 대체로 배경농도에 가까운 낮은 농도범위를 갖는 것으로 밝혀졌다. DMS의 농도분포는 일반적으로 불규칙한 양상을 보였지만, 주변 기상인자의 변화경향과 유사하게 변화하는 것으로 나타났다. 본문에서는 이러한 연구결과와 기존의 연구결과 등을 연계하여 잠정적인 연간 배출량규모를 4Gg 대로 추정하였다. 이러한 배출규모는 과거 제주지역 등을 중심으로 측정한 결과에 비해 상대적으로 낮은 수치인데, 시간적 및 공간적으로 대표성이 강한 보다 객관적인 배출량을 산정하기 위해서는 추가적인 측정 자료의 축적이 요구된다. This study was performed to accumulate database for natural sulfur emissions in the Yellow Sea region of Korea. The atmospheric concentrations of dimethylsulfide(DMS) were measured during two intensive field experiments (April and September 1999) from Duk-Juk Island located in the Yellow Sea. Ship-measurement of DMS was made additionally between Chungdo(China) and Inchun(Korea) across the Yellow Sea during June 1999. The mean(and ISD) of DMS concentrations in Duk-Juk Island during two field campaigns was $24.0{\pm}40.5$(n=40, April) and $61.1{\pm}37.9$ pptv(n=35, September), respectively. The atmospheric DMS measured from ship experiments was generally low and close to the background concentrations in the open sea area. The temporal distributions of DMS concentration were complicated in some sense but comparable to those of ambient meteorological parameters. On the basis of our measurements of atmospheric DMS(and evidence found from previous studies), the sea-to-air flux of DMS in the Yellow Sea is estimated to be about 4Gg S/yr. This amount of natural S emissions is relatively lower than the estimates derived for Cheju Island. Therefore, additional experiments may be desperate to derive more reliable figures for natural sulfur emissions in the Yellow Sea region.

      • KCI등재후보

        유문사친(儒門事親)에 나타난 소아(小兒)와 관련된 이론(理論)과 치법(治法)에 대한 고찰(考察)

        김기현,장규태,김장현,정우병,Kim, Ki-Hyun,Chang, Gyu-Tae,Kim, Jang-Hyun,Jung, Wu-Byung 대한한방소아과학회 2005 대한한방소아과학회지 Vol.19 No.2

        Objective : Rumenshiqin(儒門事親) was compiled by Zhang Zi Huo(張子和) of the Jin(金) Dynasty of China. He invented unique medical theory and treatment such as three excretive methods(perspiratory, vomitory and purgative therapy). The aim of this study was to make the best use of the therapeutic theory of Rumenshiqin(儒門事親) connected with pediatrics. Methods: We conducted literature search in detail for contents of Rumenshiqin(儒門事親) and reviewed various kinds of books. Results : Zhang Zi Huo(張子和) recognized that children had pure-yang bodies(純陽之體) and emphasized that children need to prevent heat-stagnation(鬱熱) and asthenic yin(損陰). He instructed that a principle of raising such as wearing thin clothes, eating fresh food, harboring little desire and little anger, and taking temperate medicine. He described that pathogenic factors were mistake of rearing, misuse of medicine, exogenous factor, and excessive emotion. Conclusion : According to the above results, it is concluded that his therapeutic theory should be used at present.

      • KCI등재

        중금속의 토양 오염: 한국중부지역의 농경지를 중심으로

        김기현,김세현,최영천,Kim, Ki-Hyun,Kim, Se-Hyun,Choi, Young-Cheon 대한자원환경지질학회 1996 자원환경지질 Vol.29 No.6

        To assess soil distribution patterns of heavy metals in agricultural environments, we have measured the concentrations of six metals from surficial soils of three different groups divided on the basis of the surrounding environment: (1) soil group I-cultivated soils within the purely agricultural regions, (2) soil group II-both cultivated and uncultivated soils near various livelihood facilities, and (3) soil group III-mainly cultivated soils near major polluting sources. The mean concentrations for the three soil groups were found in the range as follows: 0.12~0.15 (Cd), 4.94~6.08 (Pb), 0.05~0.11 (Hg), 2.82~3.50 (Cu), 4.69~7.82 (Zn), and 0.36~0.78 (As) ppm. Examination of data distribution trends indicates that the concentrations determined from the relatively unpolluted soil environs (groups I and II) were comparable not only between each other but also with those reported previously in background soil environs of Korea. The concentration data for the soil group III were however found to be much higher than the rest two groups. Unlike the direct comparison of the magnitudes of concentrations, results of a regression analysis exhibited much different patterns: it was seen that the correlation patterns for soil group I were rather analogous to those of soil group III. The similarities in correlation patterns between groups I and III along with the lack of correlations in soil group II suggest that soil characteristics such as whether being cultivated or not are important factors affecting soil distributions of heavy metals.

      • KCI등재후보

        귀비탕가감방(歸脾湯加減方)이 구속 Stress 유발 백서(白鼠)에 미치는 영향

        김기현,장규태,김장현,권혁란,Kim, Ki-Hyun,Chang, Gyu-Tae,Kim, Jang-Hyun,Kwon, Hyuk-Ran 대한한방소아과학회 2005 대한한방소아과학회지 Vol.19 No.2

        Objectives: This study was aimed to find out the anti-stress and protective-memory effect of Quibitanggagam(QBT) on stress of rats Methods : This experimental study was conducted with elevated plus maze test, passive avoidance test, morris water maze test, and consequently density of AchE reactivity in the CA1 of hippocampus to research the learning and memory of rats affected by restraint stress, Results: Passive avoidance test revealed that time latency of retention test for QBT+Stress group significantly decreased on 2, 3rd day. Morris water maze revealed that acqusitive ability of QBT+Stress group significantly improved on 2, 3rd day and retentive ability of QBT+Stress group was significantly improved on 7th day. Elevated plus maze test revealed that latency in open arm of QBT+Stress group significantly decreased and locomotor activity(number of entered arm) of QBT+Stress group was significantly increased. The values of density of AchE stained nuclei in the CA1 of hippocampus QBT+Stress group was significantly increased compared with SAL+Stress group. Conclusion : According to the above results, it is concluded that QBT will be useful as a remedy against stress disease and improving memory.

      • KCI등재

        노후 공동주택 리모델링의 친환경 실내 마감재료 분석 및 제안

        김기현,김경래,Kim, Ki-Hyun,Kim, Kyung-Rai 한국건설관리학회 2007 한국건설관리학회 논문집 Vol.8 No.2

        Environmentally Sound and Sustainable Development (ESSD)" is a key word in recent years. The construction industry, have put a great influence on ergonomic and sustainable environment. Recently, "green building certifications", such as Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) and eco-friendly material regulation have been established. With this regard, new construction and aged-housing remodeling projects are required to meet these certification criteria. Apartment residents have great concern on eco-product, since many cases are reported that Sick Building Syndrome is caused by toxic substance from building materials. Aged-housing remodeling construction has a unique characteristic in that the residents are already determined prior to construction execution. Therefore, the analysis of resident's need for building materials in aged-housing remodeling is relatively easy compared to new building construction. As such, it is very important to analyze their preferences for eco-friendly materials prior to project execution. The purpose of this study is to find the needs of residents and priority of their needs. Based on their needs and priority, this paper provides a new strategy in using environment-friendly materials and maximizing their satisfaction level when aged housing remodeling is constructed. In addition, this paper provide new criteria in selecting new developed environmental materials in remodeling projects for the purpose of improving the safety and health level in construction industry. 최근 친환경건축물인증제도, 주택성능등급표시제도를 비롯하여 실내공기환경에 대한 기준, 친환경상품인증기준 등 환경관련 제도 및 규정이 마련되면서 공동주택의 신축 및 리모델링 공사에 이에 대한 고려가 필요한 상황이다. 특히 공동주택 리모델링 공사는 거주자가 사전에 정해진 상태에서 공사를 진행하므로 이들에 대한 의견수렴과 사용되는 소재에 대한 요구분석이 신축에 비해 중요하다는 특성이 있다. 하지만 현재 국내에서 시행 중에 있거나 최근 완료된 리모델링 공사의 시공자는 친환경 소재 적용에 대한 거주자의 적극적인 의견수렴 과정이 미비하였고, 친환경상품인증원의 최우수 등급을 받은 친환경 제품을 거주자의 요구에 의해 적용한다기 보다는 공동주택의 홍보의 일환으로 사용하고 있는 실정이었다. 또한 공동주택 리모델링 거주자는 친환경 제품의 인증기준에 대한 이해가 부족하여 친환경 제품의 등급을 맹목적으로 신뢰하는 경우가 있었고 적용되는 친환경 소재에 대한 요구가 매우 정성적인 특징이 있다. 따라서 공동주택 리모델링 거주자의 친환경 소재에 대한 요구사항을 조사하고 이를 정량적으로 분석하여 만족도를 극대화 할 수 있는 친환경 소재를 리모델링 공사에 적용하여야 한다.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        코어/쉘 부피비에 따른 섬유상 Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>-(m-ZrO<sub>2</sub>)/t-ZrO<sub>2</sub> 복합재료의 미세조직 및 물성

        김기현,이병택,Kim Ki-Hyun,Lee Byong-Taek 한국재료학회 2005 한국재료학회지 Vol.15 No.12

        Fibrous $Al_2O_3-(m-ZrO_2)/t-ZrO_2$ composites having core/shell structure were fabricated by multi-extrusion process. The effect o volume fraction between core ($Al_2O_3-(m-ZrO_2)$) and shell ($t-ZrO_2$ was investigated to understand the relationship between microstructure and material properites, in which the volume fractions of core and shell were varied as 40:60, 50:50 and 60:40. The material properties o hardness and bending strength were increased as the volume fraction of core was increased, and their maximum values were about 1320 Hv and 750MPa, respectively. However, as the volume fraction of core increased, the values of relative density and fracture toughness were decreased from 97.1 to $96.5\%$ and from $6.5MPa{\cdot}m^{1/2}$ to $5.7MPa{\cdot}m^{1/2}$, respectively.

      • KCI등재

        북동태평양 KODOS 지역 심해저 퇴적물의 지질공학적 특성

        김기현,문재운,이경용,손승규,오재경,지상범,Kim, Ki-Hyun,Moon, Jai-Woon,Lee, Kyeong-Yong,Son, Seung-Kyu,Oh, Jae-Kyung,Chi, Sang-Bum 한국해양학회 2000 바다 Vol.5 No.4

        북동 태평양의 위도별(131$^{\circ}$30'W, 5${\sim}$12$^{\circ}$N) 각 지점에서 다중 주상시료 채취기(multiple corer)로 획득된 31개 표층 퇴적물의 지질공학적 특성을 분석하였다 환경연구지역을 포함한 연구지역 북부(9${\sim}$12$^{\circ}$N)퇴적물은 대부분 규질퇴적상을 보인다. 반면 남쪽지역(5${\sim}$6$^{\circ}$N)에서는 탄산질 퇴적물이 산출되는데, 이는 수층 생산성이 높고 이 지역 탄산염 보상심도(CCD: 4,400 m)보다 수심이 얕은데 기인된 결과이다. 지질공학적 특성은 7$^{\circ}$N을 경계로 남-북 퇴적물간 뚜렷한 차이를 보인다. 남쪽지역의 탄산질 퇴적물은 낮은 함수율, 공극율, 전단강도, 그리고 높은 입자 밀도 및 전밀도의 원인이 된다. 반면에 망간단괴가 고밀도로 분포하고 있는 북쪽지역 퇴적물은 주로 생물기원 규질 퇴적물로 구성되어 있으며, 이는 높은 함수율, 공극율, 전단강도 그리고 낮은 입자 밀도 및 전밀도의 일반적 원인이 된다. 퇴적물의 활성도(activity)는 북쪽 퇴적물에서 매우 높게 나타난다. 한편, 북쪽지역 퇴적물들은 표층에서 약 5${\sim}$8 cm를 경계로 준액상(semi-liquid)인 상부층과 단단하게 굳어진 하부층으로 뚜렷이 구분되며, 깊이에 따라 급격한 지질공학적 특성 변화를 보인다. 반면 남쪽 지역에서는 이러한 깊이에 따른 지질공학적 특성 변화가 적다. 이러한 남-북 지역 퇴적물중 지질공학적 특성의 위도별, 깊이별 변화는 탄산질 퇴적물과 규질 퇴적물의 분포, 수층의 생산성 및 수심변화에 따른 용해도와 퇴적을 차이 그리고 침식 및 재퇴적작용 등 퇴적 과정이 위도별로 달랐기 때문으로 판단된다. Deep-sea surface sediment were analyzed for their geotechnical properties, and the sediment samples were collected with a multiple-corer from 31 stations along the track line (131$^{\circ}$30'W, 5-12$^{\circ}$N) in the northeast equatorial Paciflc. Most of the sediments from the northern part (8-12$^{\circ}$N) showed typical properties of siliceous sediments, whereas the southern part (5-6$^{\circ}$N) showed calcareous characteristics due to high biogenic carbonate productivity in the surface waters, where its water depth was shallower than the carbonate compensation depth (CCD: 4,400 m). Geotechnical properties changed sharply at the boundary of 7$^{\circ}$N. Calcareous sediments from the southern part had low water contents, low porosity, low shear strength, high bulk density and high specific grain density, whereas siliceous sediments from the northern part attained high water content, high porosity, high shear strength, low bulk density and low specific grain density. Higher sediment activities were observed in the northern sediment samples than the southern sediment samples. The core samples of the northern sediments were divided into a semi-liquid upper layer and a consolidated lower layer with a boundary at 5-8 cm. These sediment samples showed a rapid increasing pattern along the downcore in original shear strength when an opposite trend was observed in the southern samples. The results showed that sediment variabilities in geotechnical properties between the northern and southern parts such as productivities of surface water, grain solubility due to water depth variation, sedimentation rate, erosion and redistribution of sediment, and combined sedimentary processes were distinctly different along the latitude.

      • KCI등재

        사출성형된 Fe-50%Ni 소결체의 제조

        김기현,윤형철,최철진,이병택,Kim Ki-Hyun,Yoon Hyeong-Chul,Choi Chul-Jin,Lee Byong-Taek 한국분말야금학회 2004 한국분말재료학회지 (KPMI) Vol.11 No.6

        The Fe-Ni compact bodies were fabricated using Fe-Ni mixed powders with 50 nm in diameter by injection molding process. The relationship between microstructure and material properties was characterized with respect to the volume ratio of powder/binder and sintering temperature with SEM and TEM. In the compact body having the volume percent ratio of 45(Fe-Ni) : 55(binder), which was sintered at $900^{\circ}C$ the values of relative density and hardness were low about 97.7% and 277.1 Hv, respectively. Using the composition of 50(Fe Ni) : 50(binder) and sintered at $900^{\circ}C$, the values of relative density and hardness were 98.5%, 294.4 Hv, respec-tively. The grain size of sintered bodies strongly depended on the sintering temperature. In both samples sintered at $600^{\circ}C$ and $900^{\circ}C$, the average grain sizes were about 150 nm and 500 nm in diameter, respectively.

      • KCI등재

        광투과 관측시스템의 분석기능 평가: 기상인자에 따른 DOAS 시스템의 검정

        김기현,김민영,Kim, Ki-Hyun,Kim, Min-Young 한국지구과학회 2001 韓國地球科學會誌 Vol.22 No.1

        선관측에 기초한 DOAS와 같은 광투과 분석방식의 계측능과 기상인자와의 관계를 평가하기 위해, 서울시의 반포지역을 중심으로 약 14개월(1999. 6${\sim}$2000. 8) 동안 확보된 3대 기준성 오염물질(SO$_2$, NO$_2$, O$_3$)과 주변 환경변수와의 관계를 여러 가지 통계적 방식으로 분석하였다. 본 연구 결과에 의하면, DOAS의 계측능은 오염물질간 또는 기상인자간에서도 비교적 뚜렷한 경향성을 갖는 것이 확인되었다. 그리고 이러한 경향성은 계절과 같은 시간적 요인에 따라복잡하게 변화할 수 있는 것으로 나타났다. 특히 SO$_2$나 NO$_2$,와 같은 항목의 경우, 여러 가지 요인의 차이에도 불구하고 계측능이 일정한 수준을 유지할 수 있는 것으로 나타났다. 반면 O$_3$의 경우, 기상조건의 변화에 상대적으로 민감한 변화를 보였다. 기상인자들간의 관계를 비교한 결과, 풍향, 풍속, 일사량과 같은 요인들이 성능에 민감한 영향력을 행사할 가능성이 큰 것으로 나타났다. 마지막으로 두 기기간의 농도차이를 조절하는 요인들을 상관분석을 통해 비교한 결과, 풍속, 일사량, 기온 등의 요인이 증가할수록 계측기간의 농도차가 줄어들었다. 반대로 오염물질의 농도가 증가하는 방향으로 흐를 경우, 계측기간의 오차는 상대적으로 증폭되는 방향으로 변화하였다. 따라서 DOAS로부터 계측된 자료를 해석하기 위해서는 기상인자를 포함하는 주변 환경인자의 변화에 대한 해석을 동시에 수행하는 것이 중요할 것으로 사료된다. To evaluate the influence of meteorological conditions on the performance of DOAS (Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy) system, we analyzed the concentrations of three criteria pollutants and relevant environmental parameters measured during 14 month periods between Jun. 1999 and Oct. 2000. According to our study, the performance of DOAS can be sensitively influenced via various manners (such as among different chemicals and/or between different time periods). It turns out that O$_3$ exhibits most frequently the weakest agreement between two systems. When comparison was made among different meteorological parameters, the strongest variability was seen from such ones as windspeed, wind direction, and irradiance. In addition, the absolute differences in measured concentrations between two systems were compared against various environmental parameters by means of linear regression analysis. Results of this analysis indicated that the differences between the two tend to decrease with the increase of such parameters as windspeed. It is thus concluded on the basis of our study that the simultaneous evaluation of meteorological data should be an essential step toward the accurate assessment of pollutant concentration data obtained by DOAS measurement system.

      • KCI등재

        나노 Fe 분말을 이용하여 사출 성형된 Fe 소결체의 제조

        김기현,임재균,최철진,이병택,Kim Ki-Hyun,Lim Jae-Hyun,Choi Chul-Jin,Lee Byong-Taek 한국재료학회 2004 한국재료학회지 Vol.14 No.11

        The injection molded Fe sintered bodies were fabricated using two kinds of Fe powders haying 50 nm and $3\sim5{\mu}m$ in diameter. In the using of Fe powder having 50 nm in diameter, the comparatively dense bodies ($94\sim97\%$) were obtained even at low sintering temperature ($600\sim700^{\circ}C$), while in the sintered bodies ($1000^{\circ}C$) using $3\sim5{\mu}m$ Fe powder, their relative densities showed low values about $93\%$, although they were strongly depend on the sintering temperature and volume ratio of Fe powder and binder. In the sintered bodies using of 50 nm Fe powders, the volume shrinkage and grain size increased as the sintering temperature increased, but the values of hardness decreased. In the sample sintered at $650^{\circ}C$, the values of relative density, volume shrinkage and grain size were $96\%,\;37\%\;and\;0.97{\mu}n$, respectively and the minimum value of wear depth was obtained due to combination of fine grain and comparatively high density.

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