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      • KCI등재

        1920~30年代 朝鮮人 渡日의 要因

        金廣烈 한일민족문제학회 2001 한일민족문제연구 Vol.1 No.-

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

      • KCI등재

        골다골증성 흉요추부 압박골절의 치료에 있어 골시멘트를 이용한 추체 성형술의 효과

        김광렬,강재도,박상인 대한골절학회 2001 대한골절학회지 Vol.14 No.2

        Purpose : To analyzed the degree of pain relief of 40 patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar compression fracture treated by percutaneous vertebroplasty with bone cement. Materials and Methods: We studied 40 cases of the osteoporotic thoracolumbar compression fracture from January 2000 to June 2000. It was evaluated with simple X- ray, bone scan, bone mineral density and CT for the patients 1)who had the compressed wedge fracture of vertebral body on simple X-ray, 2)who had increased bony uptakes of fracture site on bone scan, 3)who were under -2.5 in T-score on bone mineral density, 4)who were not relieved the pain to analgesic drug medication for more than 3 month with no radiating pain, 5)who had no fracture of posterior wall of vertebral body on CT in the case of acute fracture. We performed percutaneous vertebroplasty with bone cement and observed the degree of pain relief using pain scale pre-/ post- operation. Results: The average pain point decreased from 6.17 points to 1.06 points at postoperative 1 day, total decreased points were 5.11 points. The average pain point was 1.05 at postoperative 6 months in the patients followed up for more than 6 months. Conclusion: Percutaneous vertebroplasty with bone cement is valuable method in the treatment of osteoporotic thoracolumbar compression fracture, providing pain relief, prevention of complication originated from long term traction and bed rest, unwearing brace and early ambulation

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        Creosote에 의해 발생한 위궤양 2례

        김광렬,박재옥,신상만,Kim,,Kwang-Yeol,Park,,Jae-Ock,Shin,,Sang-Mann 대한소아소화기영양학회 2000 Pediatric gastroenterology, hepatology & nutrition Vol.3 No.1

        Secondary peptic ulceration and gastritis have been known to be associated with stress, exogenous agents, drugs or infection. Salicylate (aspirin) ingestion has been known to be associated with increased incidence of gastric ulcer and more frequently as the cause of hemorrhagic gastric erosions and gastritis. Some medications such as tetracyclines and iron preparations have been associated with ulceration of the gastrointestinal tract. Chemotherapeutic agents including cytoxan and methotrexate also have been implicated in the development of mucosal and gastrointestinal ulcers. We have experienced two cases of hemorrhagic gastric ulcers due to creosote ingestion in a 13 month and a 5 year old boys. Creosote is a main component of one of the popular digestives, Jungrohwan in Japan and Korea.

      • KCI등재후보

        티타늄합금과 착색에 관한 연구

        김광렬 사단법인 한국조형디자인협회 2010 조형디자인연구 Vol.13 No.4

        현대인들의 생활수준과 문화의식 구조의 향상은 디자인의 중요성을 발전 시키고 있으며 소재의 한계성으로부터 나아가 다양성의 필요성을 추구하고있다. 이에 따라 신소재의 적극적인 연구 및 개발은 끊임없이 계속되어지고 있다. 본 연구의 주안점으로는 다방면에서 활발히 접목되고 있으며, 장신구 혹은 조형물로써도 가치 있는 티타늄이란 소재에 관한특성과 착색방법에 주안점을 두고 연구해보고자 한다. 티타늄 합금은 가벼우면서도 저온은 물론 중온까지 비강도가 높게 유지되고 피로강도나 파괴인성과 같은 기계적 성질이 우수하고 화학 약품 및 해수에 대한 내식성이 우수하며 우주항공산업을 비롯한 원자력, 화력, 수력발전기 부품에 사용 될 뿐만 아니라 생체 의료기기, 스포츠 레저 용구, 일상제품에 이르기까지 그 분야에 사용범위가 상당히 넓다. 티타늄 소재에 대한 수요는 해마다 증가하는 추세이며 향후 국내 티타늄 시장을 재조명 할 필요성이 있다. 티타늄은 표면에 미려한 색상처리로 다양하게 연출 할 수 있으며 화학적 안정성에 따른 민감성피부와 알레르기를 일으키지 않기 때문에 현재로는 대부분이 장신구와 제품(안경, 시계, 장식재)과 같은 분야에 적용되고 있다. 티타늄은 고융점, 고반응성, 난가공성으로 인하여 다른 재료에 비하여 고가이기 때문에 제품 재료로 티타늄을 활용하여 디자인의 다양성을 모색하는데는 어려움이 있다. 친숙한 소재는 아니지만 경량성, 고강도, 인체친화성, 표면 발색광과 더불어 향균 효과 및 낮은 열전도도, 우수한 내식성 등의 장점을 응용하여 제한되어 온 티타늄 제품 디자인에 다양한 가능성에 대하여 기대해 볼 수 있다.

      • KCI등재

        戰間期 日本居住 朝鮮人의 生活相과 歸鄕

        金廣烈 한일민족문제학회 2003 한일민족문제연구 Vol.4 No.-

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        This paper deals with the living conditions of Korean immigrants in Japan and studies the process of their settlement or returning to Korea during the 1920s and the 1930s. Most Korean immigrants faced a shortage of houses and difficulties of employment in Japan. For the result of that, they lived in the slums outside the cities and built rest houses in the sparsely populated regions. Running inns, which also played as employment agencies, was a new business for Koreans who needed houses and jobs. First, Korean immigrants lived in flophouses and then, looked for more stable houses for rent. The increased percentage of living in the houses for rent meant that the Korean residents gradually settled in Japan as time passed. Koreans sought work with the help of acquaintances and relatives. Although some people had to make a living by themselves, Koreans, in many cases, depended on kinship or relationship of people from the same birthplace in immigrating to Japan as well as setting jobs in Japan. The biggest rate of their workplace was simple physical labor and the householders had more stable occupation, such as factory workers, compared with bachelors. A few Koreans who had enough money to rent houses, ran inns for workers and employment agencies. I investigated Koreans' working conditions in the aspects of daily wages, work days of each month, and the unemployment rate. The wages of Koreans were 10% to 50% lower than those of Japanese. About 50% of Korean laborers worked for less than 20 days a month. Although their low income forced them live in the worst conditions, factory laborers, inn holders and restaurant runners had relatively high income. Koreans with extremely low income had to borrow money from relatives or to receive relief from the municipal offices. Then, I showed how the Korean residents conceived their living condition at that time. The 65% of Koreans replied their living conditions were comfortable in economic terms. While only 17% wanted to settle in Japan in the 1920s, 60% wanted to settle in the 1930s. It was because there was no workplace for them in the homeland and many of them came to Japan together with their families However, many Koreans failed to settle in Japan because of long time unemployment, diseases and returned to Korea with the help of relatives. The Korean settlement in Japan before World Was Ⅱ proceeded under the conditions explained above and the Korean population increased in Japan. 本論文は, 戰間期(1920~30年代)に生活難を解決しようと日本に渡った朝鮮人たらがとういう生活をしたのかその實像に迫るとともに, 彼らの定住化あるいは歸鄕の樣相を考察するものである. 동き口を求めて渡航した朝鮮人にとってもっとも先決すべきことは住居と仕事の確保であった. しかし彼らは住居難と就職難に直面した. そして朝鮮人の住居難は自然に各都市部の外郭に散在する貧民地區や人口過疎地區などに朝鮮人集住地を形成させた. 勞動紹介も兼ねていた人夫部屋や飯場は朝鮮人の住居難と就職難を背景に登場した職業であった. 當時, 朝鮮人の住居は簡易宿泊所のような形態が多かったが, 時期を下るにつれ, より安定的な住居といえる借家あるいは借間を利用する人の比率が增加した. これは世帶を構えて定住する人が增えていたことを裏付ける現象といえる. 就職經路について見ると, 時期に關わらず, 知人の紹介あるいは自力で解決する場合が最も多かった. 知人の紹介とは, 同鄕人によるもの, 親友によるもの, 親戚によるものなどを含める. こういうケ-スが多いのは彼らが日本への渡航そのものが血緣·地緣に??る形態であったからである. 就業先は單純肉體勞動織の比率が最もめかった. 世帶持か獨身かによってそれぞれ若干異なっていたが, 前者の場合は比較的安定した工場勞動者が多く, 少數ながら人夫部屋·鑛場の經營者も含まれていた. 飯場經營とは開業に必要な準備資金と借家できる能力の備わった人たちに限られた業種であろう. 次に, 勞動生活狀況を日當と月間勞動日數, 失業狀況などの側面から檢討してみた. 朝鮮人勞動者の賃金は同業種の日本人勞動者より10~50%程度低かった. 全體の50%程度の人たちの月間就勞日數か20日以下であった. したがって, 月間收入も低く, 大體の朝鮮人勞動者は最低限の余裕のない生活をしていた. ただ, 中でも工場職工, 人夫部屋·飯場經營, 各種商業などに携わっていた少數の人たちは比較的收入が高かった. 日本居住朝鮮人のなかでも貧富の差が生じていたことを意味する. 生活費に因っていた人たちは親戚や近隣から借金をするか扶助を受けて, あるいは地元の行政團體の救護を受けて幸うじて延命していた. 以上のような生活のもとで, この時期日本で住んでいた朝鮮人たちが自らの生活についていかなる認識をもっていたかをいくつかの調査結果からうかがってみた. そうすると, 日本での生活が「樂だ」と答えた人が65%ほどであった. この「樂だ」とはあくまでも經濟的な側面での判斷であった. また, 日本に「永住したい」と希望する人は1920年代には17%程度に過ぎなかったが, 1930年代になると60%ほどまで急增した. これはやはり故鄕には生活の根據を全く殘さず一家そろって日本へ渡るケ-スが增加したためであろう. しかし동くために日本に渡った朝鮮人の中では職探した失敗して日本での生活を斷念して故鄕に歸る人たちも少なくなかった. その理由は長期失業, 休職失敗, 疾病なとであった. 彼らは親戚や知人から旅費を援助してもらったり, 故鄕から送金してもらったりして辛うじて歸鄕した. 第2次世界大戰前の日本に居住した朝鮮人の定住化は, 以上のような狀況が繰り返し續き, 人口の堆積を伴いながら擴散したのである.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        주방용세제의 일차적 생분해도 및 최종적 생분해도

        김광렬,최웅수,김재용,김만영 한국공업화학회 1993 공업화학 Vol.4 No.3

        합성세제가 수질오염에 미치는 영향을 규명하기 위한 기초과정으로서 시판 주방용세제 3종을 대상으로 하여 1차적 생분해도와 최종적 생분해도를 측정하였다. 그 결과 대상시료의 1차적 생분해도는 한국공업규격(KS) 기준에 적합하였다. 그중에서도 1차적 생분해도가 빠른 제품이 최종적 생분해가 빠른 경향을 보였다. To reveal the effect of synthetic detergent on the water pollution as a preliminary step, we measured the primary biodegradation and ultimate biodegradation with three kinds of dishwashing detergents being sold at market. Consequently, the primary biodegradation of above mentioned samples were suited to Korean Standards. Above all, the goods that has fast primary biodegradation shows the tendency to fast ultimate biodegradation.

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