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        • "본초정화(本草精華)" "인부(人部)"에 대한 고찰

          권영배,엄동명,김홍균,Kwon, Young-Bae,Eom, Dong-Myung,Kim, Hong-Kyoon 한국한의학연구원 2005 한국한의학연구원논문집 Vol.11 No.2

          Study on ${\ulcorner}$Bonchojeonghwa${\lrcorner}$, which is one of the most specialized medical books in Boncho(Herbal Medicines), has been done by comparing it with some other medical books published in the Chosun dynasty. Though there was not meaningful result on e names of Korean medicine by this study and more study should follow in the future, from medicines recorded in ${\ulcorner}$Inbu (a chapter of medical ingredients from human body)${\lrcorner}$, we can reach on some results as follows by comparing in names of Korean medicines, their medical components, relevant explanations and etc. 1. Though it is difficult to know the author and the published year due to absence of the preface and epilogue, the publication is presumed to date from mid-l7th century, from the facts that Muheeong's ${\ulcorner}$Shinnongbonchokyongso${\lrcorner}$ is in the ${\ulcorner}$Bonchojeonghwa${\lrcorner}$'s reference list, and that there is not Hangul expression in the names of medicines nor the Ching dynasty’s books as a reference. 2. As a result of studying on the names of medicines recorded in ${\ulcorner}$Inbu${\lrcorner}$ of the Chosun dynasty's famous medical books, before ${\ulcorner}$ Bonchojeonghwa${\lrcorner}$, 19 medicines in ${\ulcorner}$Hyangyakjipsungbang${\lrcorner}$, 25 in ${\ulcorner}$Donguibogam${\lrcorner}$, and after ${\ulcorner}$Bonchojeonghwa${\lrcorner}$, 6 in ${\ulcorner}$Uimumbogam${\lrcorner}$, 4 in ${\ulcorner}$Kwangjebikup${\lrcorner}$, 11 in ${\ulcorner}$Bangyakhappyon${\lrcorner}$. And there are 37 medicines which are unique, ${\ulcorner}$Bonchojeonghwa${\lrcorner}$ has 31, the biggest records among them. 3. As a result of studying on the names of medicines recorded in 「Inbu」 of the ${\ulcorner}$Bonchojeonghwa${\lrcorner}$ and ${\ulcorner}$ Donguibogam${\lrcorner}$, 22 medicines were recorded in the both books, 9 were only recorded in ${\ulcorner}$Bonchojeonghwa${\lrcorner}$ and 3 were only recorded in ${\ulcorner}$Donguibogam${\lrcorner}$. 3 out of the total 37 medicines recorded in ${\ulcorner}$Inbu${\lrcorner}$ are only recorded in ${\ulcorner}$Hangyakjipsungbang${\lrcorner}$, and more study on this is needed. 4. From the contents recorded in ${\ulcorner}$Bonchojeonghwa${\lrcorner}$ and ${\ulcorner}$Donguibogam${\lrcorner}$, Benchojeonghwa is more in detail than Donguibogam. Thus, it was specialized in Boncho (Herbal Medicines) enough to be compared with general medical books, and played a good role in leading medical science's specialization. 5. Late Chosun dynasty's medical study on Boncho (Herbal Medicines) just like ${\ulcorner}$Bonchojeonghwa${\lrcorner}$ didn't lead to an active development of knowledge communication due to Confucian ethics. This limitation created the trend relying on general medical books or Yaksungga (songs of memorizing Boncho information) for Boncho information, but Boncho information of late Chosun dynasty became more in detail. That is, while Bokhapbang, combination of various medicines, were developed in China, Danmibang, single medicine but different intensity, were developed in Chosun. And thus, even though the kinds of medicines became smaller, but its contents became rather rich. 5. The medicines recorded in ${\ulcorner}$Bonchojeonghwa${\lrcorner}$ and ${\ulcorner}$Donguibogam${\lrcorner}$ are, from the view point of today, unclean or rather uncomfortable to use. Out those medicines, Bunchung, Hwasijangsanginkol, Hongyon, Gonidoogun, Inkondang had been

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          초등학생의 학업발달을 위한 학급단위 학업상담 프로그램 개발

          권영배 ( Young Bae Kwon ),이종연 ( Jong Yeun Lee ) 한국상담학회 2011 상담학연구 Vol.12 No.6

          본 연구의 목적은 초등학생의 학업발달을 위해 학급단위 학업상담 프로그램을 구안하고 실시하여이 프로그램이 초등학생들의 학업동기와 학업기술에 어떠한 효과가 있는지를 검증하는 데 있다. 이를 위해 본 연구에서는 먼저 프로그램 목표를 설정하고, 학생 요구조사와 교사요구 조사를 실시하여 학업상담 프로그램 구성요소 선정에 필요한 내용을 최종적으로 12개 요소를 추출하여 프로그램제시 전략, 예비프로그램 적용, 프로그램 타당화 절차를 거쳐 구안하였다. 본 연구에서 개발한 프로그램이 효과가 있는지를 검증하기 위해 경기도의 한 초등학교 5학년 1개반, 30명을 대상으로 프로 그램을 실시하였다. 반복측정 변량분석을 사용하여 분석한 결과, 학급단위 학업상담 프로그램에 참여한 학생들이 비교집단에 비해 학업동기와 학업기술이 유의하게 향상된 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구가 시사하는 점들을 제시하였다. The purposes of this research were to develop a classroom-based academic counseling program for academic development of elementary school students and to examine the effectiveness of the program on academic motivation and academic skills of the students. Based on the purpose of the program of this study and the survey results about students` needs and teachers` needs, this study constructed an academic counseling program which consists of 12 factors. This program was conducted with 30 fifth grade students of a class of one elementary school, Gyeonggi province. To examine the effectiveness of the program, the measures for academic motivation and academic skills were administered to the students of the experimental group and control group right before the experiment for the pre-test, right after the experiment for the post-test, and 6 weeks after the experiment for the delay-test. The data collected were analyzed according to the Repeated Measurement Statistical Models using 12.0 SPSS/WIN program. These results indicate that the academic counseling program made significant positive effects on the academic development, both the academic motivation and skills of the elementary school students. The implications of this study were provided.

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          초등학생의 학업동기 향상을 위한 통합적 학업상담 프로그램의 효과

          권영배(Kwon Young Bae) 학습자중심교과교육학회 2012 학습자중심교과교육연구 Vol.12 No.2

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          본 연구의 목적은 초등학생의 학업동기 향상을 위해 통합적 학업상담 프로그램을 구안하고 실시하여 이 프로그램이 초등학생들의 학업동기에 어떠한 효과가 있는지 를 검증하는데 있다. 본 연구에서 개발한 프로그램이 효과가 있는지를 검증하기 위해 경기도의 한 초 등학교 6학년 1개반, 26명을 대상으로 프로그램을 실시하였다. 검사도구로는 학업동 기 검사를 사용하였고, 자료처리는 반복측정 변량분석(repeated measurement)으로 통계적 분석을 하였다. 연구결과, 통합적 학업상담 프로그램에 참여한 학생들이 비 교집단에 비해 학업동기 점수가 유의하게 향상된 것으로 나타났다. 또한, 학생 소감 문, 학부모의 학생행동에 대한 변화 평가를 분석한 결과, 본 연구의 학업상담 프로그 램이 학생들의 학업동기를 향상시키는 데 도움이 되었음을 알 수 있었다. The purposes of this research were to develop a integrated academic counseling program for academic motivation of elementary school students and to examine the effectiveness of the program on academic motivation and academic skills of the students. This program was conducted with twenty-six sixth grade students of a class of one elementary school, Gyeonggi province. To examine the effectiveness of the program, the measures for academic motivation were administered to the students of the experimental group and control group rights before the experiment for the pre-test, right after the experiment for the post-test, and the delay-test. The data collected were analyzed according to the Repeated Measurement Statistical Models using 12.0 SPSS/WIN program. The results of the analysis indicate that the integrated academic counseling program made significant positive effects on the academic motivation of the elementary school students. Also, the analysis of the students written evaluation report and the parents evaluation for their student behavioral changes manifest that the academic motivation of the students has improved throughout the program.

        • 한말 의장(義將) 원용팔(元容八)의 현실인식과 거병논리

          권영배(Kwon young-bae) 세명대학교 지역문화연구소 2005 지역문화연구 Vol.4 No.-

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          This study intends to analyze perceptions of the realities and logic for raising the euibyeong, or the righteous army, of Won Yong-pal, who led his eubyeong at Wonju, Gangwon Province, in the late Joseon period. Major observations can be summed up as follows. Won Yong-pal proudly recognized the Joseon kingdom as the only civilized state of “So Junghwa,” or the Little China, after the fall of Ming China in 1644. He deplored that his country was in grave danger because of treacherous acts of villainous subjects and Japanese inroads. His raising of the euibyeong army was based on the logic that he should take revenge on the Japanese who killed the queen and despised the king, that he should preserve Koreas proper traditions and expel the foreign barbarians who defamed Koreas indigenous customs, and that he should rescue his country from corrupt officials who disordered government and put the people in distress. His logic increasingly moved from that of dichotomy of civilization vs. barbarism to that of salvation of his country. When he raised the euibyeong, he maintained that if Joseon fell, it could exert an evil influence upon the whole world, including the Qing Empire in China, and thus every country on globe, under the banner of "manguk gongbop, or the common cause of the world, should help Joseon maintain its sovereignty. It is worthy of attention that he tried to overcome hwai-ron, or the dichotomous concept of the Middle Kingdom vs. barbarians, that regarded the Western nations as beasts. Although Wons views of the realities and logic for raising the euibyeong were expressed in his manifestos, they might be considered perceptions of Neo-Confucian scholars at that time who proposed cheoksa, or rejecting heterodoxy. These scholars,including Won Yong-pal himself, were members of the Hwaseo School. Won Yong-pals raising of the euibyeong at Wonju is of importance in the followingrespects. First, he led the van in the so-called “middle period” euibyeong movement of the late Joseon dynasty. Second, his euibyeong movement means the resurrection of Yu In-seoks euibyeong movement at Jecheon, North Chungcheong Province. Third, his euibyeong movement demonstrates a close relationship between the early movement and the middle movement.

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          파리장서운동과 성주유림

          권영배 ( Kwon Young Bae ) 대구사학회 2019 대구사학 Vol.137 No.-

          파리장서운동은 유림의 독립청원운동이다. 이 운동은 1919년 2월 19일부터 6월경까지 약 4개월 동안 전개되었다. 파리장서운동의 발단은 두 가지 중요한 계기적 사실에서 기인하였다. 하나는 3.1독립선언서의 민족대표 33인에서 유림대표가 빠졌던 데 대한 유림층의 충격이었고, 다른 하나는 친일인사들이 「독립불원서」라는 글을 작성하여 일본에 전달하려 했던 음모에 대한 유림층의 분노 때문이었다. 「파리장서」는 여러 차례 수정을 거치면서 완성되었다. 학계의 통설상 ‘김황본’이 ‘곽종석본’의 저본이 되었다고 알려져 있다. 그러나 필자는 ‘곽종석본’은 ‘장석영본’을 저본으로 하였을 수도 있다는 주장을 제기하였다. 전개 과정에서는 ‘곽종석본’이 서울에서 호서계열의 ‘김복한본’을 만나면서 ‘최종본’으로 수정되고, 이것이 상해로 가서는 ‘상해본(발송본)’으로 확정되어 파리평화회를 비롯한 각 유관기관 및 국내 향교에까지 발송되었다. 아쉽게도 상해본은 현재까지 확인되지 않고 있다. 파리장서운동은 김창숙을 비롯한 성주유림들이 주도하였다. 또한 성주는 전국 군단위에서 가장 많은 서명자를 배출하였다. 그것은 성주지역의 전통적인 유림의 학통과 이와 관련된 인맥과 문중 인사들이 연계되어 있었기 때문이다. 파리장서운동은 유림의 3.1운동이었다. 3.1만세운동이 일본을 대상으로 한국의 독립을 선언한 것이라면, 파리장서운동은 세계열강을 대상으로 한국민의 독립의지를 천명한 것이다. 그리고 그 한 가운데에는 성주유림이 있었다. Pari Jangso Undong is The movement for petition of Korean independence by the Confucian literati. This movement had developed for four months between around February 19 and June of 1919. The petition movement was provided by the tow following facts: Confucian literati’s sense of loss that their representatives were excluded from the thirty-three "representatives of all the Korean people" who signed the Korean Declaration of Independence and their resentment of the pro-Japanese collaborators who presented their "declaration against independence" to the Japanese imperialists. After several revisions, Pari Jangso was finally completed. It started as the "Chang Sok-yong edition". It then was revised to the "Kwak Chong-sok edition", which added to the "Kim Pok-han edition" to be the "final edition." This "final edition" was revised to the "Shanghai edition" in Shanghai. By now the "Shanghai edition" has not been confirmed. The conventional wisdom is that the draft of the "Kwak Chong-sok edition" is regarded as the "Kim Hwang edition", but it is contrary to the fact. It is obvious that in the course of drawing up, the "Chang Sok-yong edition" was the draft of the petition. Pari Jangso Undong was led by the Confucian literati from Songju. The Songju region produced fifteen signers of the petition. This resulted from the fact that in the Songju region school ties of the traditional Confucian literati were very strong and the yangbanfamilies succeeded them generation after generation. In sum, Pari Jangso Undong was the March First Independence Movement of the Confucian literati. While the March First Movement declared Korean independence against Japan on a national scale, Pari Jangso Undong sought to plead Korean independence to the world as well as declare Koreans’ will for independence to the international community. The Confucian literati from Songju played the central role in the momentous movement.

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          학업상담 프로그램의 효과에 관한 메타분석

          권영배(Kwon Young Bae),신문승(Shin Moon seung) 학습자중심교과교육학회 2012 학습자중심교과교육연구 Vol.12 No.3

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          본 연구는 학생들의 학업상담 프로그램들이 학업성취와 학업관련 변인에 미치는 효과를 메타분석을 통하여 알아보고자 하였다. 이를 위해 문헌고찰을 통하여 분석 대 상과 분석 방법을 정하고, 1988년부터 2012년 2월까지 발표된 석․박사 학위논문 중 학생들의 학업요인을 직접 다룬 학업상담 연구 104편을 선정하여 194개의 효과크기 를 산출․분석하였다. 연구결과, 학업상담 프로그램이 학업성취도에 미치는 전체 평 균 효과크기는 0.78로 나타났다. 학업상담 프로그램 유형별로는 학업기술 프로그램 (1.01)이 가장 큰 효과 크기를 보였다. 중재변인별로 살펴본 결과, 학교급의 경우 고 등학교(0.93), 학업수준은 부진학생(0.86), 집단구성은 소집단(0.83), 회기수는 20회 이 상(0.92), 회기 기간은 10-19주 사이(0.87), 회기 단위시간은 50분미만(0.78)에서 높은 효과크기를 보였다. 종속변인별로는 학업스트레스 감소(-1.8)에서 가장 큰 효과크기 를 보였다. 본 연구의 결과는 향후 학교현장에서 새로운 학업상담 프로그램을 개발하 는 데 방향을 제시할 것이다. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an academic counseling program on academic achievement and learning related variables. One hundred and four studies among dissertations published from 1988 to February 2012 were chosen for meta-analysis. Each dealt with factors that effect the students\ academic achievement and one hundred ninety four effect sizes were calculated. The result of the study indicated that the overall average effect size of the program on academic achievement was 0.78. The effect size of academic skills among the program types was the largest. The effect size of the counseling program on learning-related intervening variable was also calculated. The effect sizes were much larger with high school level (0.93), underachieved groups (0.86), small size groups (0.83), the groups which have over twenty sessions (0.92), the groups whose session was between 10-19 weeks (0.87) and less than fifty minutes (0.78). Among dependent variables, reduction of stress by academic performance showed the largest effect size. The results of the study will provide useful insight for further studies to develop a new academic counseling program.

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          퇴행성 골관절염에 대한 HPL-04의 효과

          나지영(Ji-Young Na),송기쁨(Ki-Bbeum Song),김석호(Sukho Kim),권영배(Young-Bae Kwon),김대기(Dae-Gi Kim),이준경(Jun-Kyoung Lee),조형권(Hyoung-Kwon Jo),권중기(Jungkee Kwon) 한국식품영양과학회 2014 한국식품영양과학회지 Vol.43 No.1

          본 연구에서는 HPL-04가 골관절염의 예방 및 치료 약물로서의 가능성을 탐색하여 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. HPL-04는 연골세포 생존율과 연골형성과 관련된 collagen type Ⅱ, SOX 9 그리고 aggrecan의 유전자 발현을 유의성 있게 증가시킬 뿐만 아니라 염증성 인자와 관련 있는 MMP-2, 9도 유의성 있게 감소시켰다. HPL-04는 MIA에 의해 유도된 퇴행성 골관절염에서 관절연골의 파괴와 골 침식 등 연골의 변성을 억제했으며 proteoglycan의 소실을 유의성 있게 감소시켰다. 이에 본 연구는 HPL-04가 부작용이 적고 약리 효과가 뛰어나 골관절염 예방 및 치료제 개발에 활용될 수 있을 것으로 본다. HanPoong Leading (HPL)-04 were prepared with different oriental medicines (balk of Kalopanax pictus balk, Chaenomelis Fructus, Angelica gigas root, Zingiber officinale, Raphanus sativus Linne and Saururus chinensis Baill.) to investigate the protective effects of HPL-04 on cartilage degradation in knee osteoarthritis (OA). Rat articular chondrocytes incubated with rhIL-1α markedly increased matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and 9 activities, decreased cell viability and reduced chondrogenic gene expression. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, MMP-2 and 9 activities and real time RT-PCR indicated that HPL-04 counteracted these harmful effects in dose-dependent manner. In addition, for experimental OA in vivo, monosodium iodoacetate (MIA, 0.5 mg/50 μL) was injected into knee joints of rats and administered HPL-04 to rats for 4 consecutive weeks after MIA treatment. The experimental data showed that treatment with HPL-04 significantly prevented of MMP-2 and 9 activities in articular cartilage. Histopathological and micro-CT evaluations of the knee joints also revealed that HPL-04 effectively ameliorated MIA-induced degenerative OA. In conclusion, HPL-04 has potential applicability for the prevention and treatment of degenerative OA.

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