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        가맹본부-가맹점간 전략적 적합성이 관계자본과 가맹점 성과에 미치는 영향

        강효식,임영균 한국프랜차이즈학회 2015 프랜차이징저널 Vol.1 No.1

        프랜차이징의 성공에 있어 전략적 적합성이 지닌 중요성에도 불구하고 기존 연구는 지나치게 가맹본 부와 가맹점사업자가 지닌 자원과 역량, 그리고 이들 간의 파트너십을 중점적으로 다루어왔다. 본 연구 는 전략적 제휴의 관점에서 관계자본과 가맹점성과에 가맹본부-가맹점 간 전략적 적합성이 미치는 영 향을 분석하고 있다. 외식업계 가맹점사업자를 178명을 대상으로 한 서베이 자료에 대한 분석 결과, 가맹본부-가맹점 간 전략적 적합성은 가맹점성과와 긍정적 관계를 맺는 것으로 나타났다. 특히 전략적 적합성의 하위차원으 로서 조직양립성은 프랜차이징 분야에서 전통적으로 중시되고 있는 상호몰입, 신뢰와 같은 관계자본 변 수와 함께 가맹점성과를 설명함에 있어 매우 중요한 것으로 파악되었다. 또한 전략적 적합성은 관계자본 의 형성에도 긍정적 영향을 미치는 것으로 확인하고 있다. 이러한 분석 결과는 자원희소이론, 대리이론, 거래비용이론 등 전통적인 이론과 함께 전략적 제휴이론이 프랜차이징 현상을 설명함에 있어 새로운 논 리와 실무적 시사점을 제공할 수 있음을 뒷받침하고 있다. Franchising is a business model based on partnership between franchisor and franchisee and such partnership is characterized with trust and cooperation. Nevertheless, the reality is that trust and cooperation in franchising is not established in a level as expected by franchisor or franchisee. There can be many reasons why the partnership between franchisor and franchisee are not correctly settled. It is caused by the fundamental characteristic of franchising business model and also by the changes in external environment such as consumers and competing firms. Particularly, it can be also caused by the mismatch during the process of making a partnership. Since franchising has inherently a characteristic of high-level interdependence, high-level conflicts can be latent and actually there occur many disputes between franchisor and franchisee. Consequently, a lot of efforts and energy have to be made in solving such conflicts but when the conflicts are not solved properly, complaints get growing and mutual cooperation is not made correctly so that the solidarity and growth of the system can be damaged. This study focused on the mismatching occurring during the process of selecting a partner even though such errors can occur during the establishment and maintenance of partnership between franchisor and franchisee because of inherent conflicts due to the characteristic of franchising business model itself or the absence of system's responding ability against changes of external environment. This study stressed on the fact that wrong decision makings are widely existing in the process of selecting franchisee by franchisor or vice versa, and consequently the franchisee cannot perform the role as a value creator and such wrong selection of partner by franchisor and franchisee can result in conflicts and disputes difficult to solve between them. Existing theories regarding how the partnership between franchisor and franchisee can be established and evolved overlooked the importance of the perception of franchisor on the role of franchisee as a value creator and the capability of actual execution of such role. Hence, based on marriage theory and strategic alliance theory, this study proposed a partner selection model in order to find out the on-process and structural cause of failure in making a partnership, and validated it through an empirical analysis. Utilizing a survey result on franchisee of restaurant industry, this study verified that the strategic fit between franchisor and franchisee has a positive impact on the franchisee performance. Especially for explaining the franchisee performance, the organizational compatability, a subdimension of strategic fit, has as much importance as relationship capital variables such as mutual commitment and trust which have been treated as important variables in the extant studies. In addition, this study verified that the organization compatability has a positive impact on relationship capital. Based on the results, this study discussed the theoretical and managerial implications and the directions for future research.

      • 성장기 반대교합의 교정을 위해 사용된 FR III의 치료효과에 대한 연구

        강효식,오성진,최상훈 인제대학교 1991 仁濟醫學 Vol.12 No.3

        저자는 전치부 반대교합의 치료에 주효한 function regulator III (FR III)의 전치부반대 교합의 개선기전을 규명하기 위하여 두개계측학적인 방법으로 검토하여 chin cap appliance와의 기전의 차이점을 규명하였다. It is frequently reported that the correction of anterior cross bite accompanied by maxillary deficiency is effectively corrected by using FR III(Function regulator). Dr. Fra¨nkel argued that maxillary alveolar growth could be occurred by using this appliance, and a lot of cross bite patients had been corrected by FR III. The aim of this study is to define the mechanism of skeletal change occurred by FR III by comparing to the patients treated by chin cap appliance by the cephalometric method. As a material 10 patients were selected who had anterior cross bite. 7 were treated by FR III and 3 were treated by chin cap appliance. 20 cephalometric measurements were analyzed. As results, it is known that the correction of anterior cross bite is occurred by FR III as follows : 1.labial inclination of upper anteriors. 2.lingual inclination of lower anteriors. 3.anterior positioning of maxilla 4.upper molar elongation 5.distal repositioning of mandible 7.clockwise rotation of mandible

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