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      • KCI등재

        경관체함이 발생하는 조망점의 지리구조에 관한 연구;양산시 소재 산지를 대상으로

        강영조,차영채,차명숙,Kang, Young-Jo,Cha, Young-Chae,Cha, Myeong-Sook 한국조경학회 2008 韓國造景學會誌 Vol.36 No.3

        본 연구는 경관이 발생하는 조망점에서 체험되는 시각특성과 그 조망점에서의 경관체헝을 극적으로 이끄는 지리 구조를 양산시에 소재하고 있는 산지 경관의 사례 연구를 통하여 밝현 것이며, 그 결과는 다음과 같다. 양산시 소재 6개의 산을 대상으로 그 산을 체험할 수 있는 조망점을 40개소 선정하였다. 이들 조망점에서 파악된 산지경관 조망점에서 조망대상이 중거리역에 주로 분포하고 있으며, 시각크기는 산과 대변하는 느낌을 주는 앙각 11${\sim}13^{\circ}$, 시야 전체를 차지하고 광대한 인상을 주는 수평각 50${\sim}90^{\circ}$라는 것을 알 수 있었다. 양산시에서는 도시민이 산의 느낄 수 있는 거리대에서 대면적 관계로 산지경관을 지각하고 있다. 이어서 인상적인 경관체험을 유발하는 조망점의 지리 구조를 8개 의 유형으로 분류하였으며, 그 특성을 고찰하였다. 산이 건물이나 길가의 수목 등의 주변 환경이 만들어낸 좁고 긴 선형의 공간을 형성하는 회랑형이 7개소, 또 산을 교량 또는 고가도로의 하부나 터널을 지날 때 가려졌던 시야와 빛이 열리면서 체험하게 되는 터널형이 2개 소, 산세를 따라 굽이지는 길의 마지막에 나타나는 미로형이 4개소, 교차로에서 방향을 전환하거나 건물이나 산자락을 끼고 돌 때 동선방향이 바뀌는 순간 나타나는 모롱이형이 8개소, 오르막 경사의 마루에서 나타나는 고개마루형이 3개소, 산이 관찰자와 같은 진행방향으로 길게 누워져 있을 때 차창에 지속적으로 나타나는 평행형이 4개소, 고립되어 있는 산파 형태인 대변형이 5개소, 마을, 도시 등의 지역 경제나 교량, 광장과 같은 주요 지점을 지날 때 나타났다. 산지 경관이 인상적으로 체험되기 위해서는 조망점뿐 아니라 그곳으로 다가가는 지리구조도 아울러 중요하다는 것을 확인하였다. 본 연구의 성과는 산지경관의 관리 및 보존과 경관자원도 등 경관영향평가의 기초자료를 수집하는 기초 자료가 될 것이다. 또 경관도로의 정비 등에도 응용할 수 있을 것으로 기대한다. The purpose of this research is to find the visual characteristics and geographic structure in a landscape of mountains in Yangsan City. In order to carry out this study, 40 view points of 6 mountains in Yangsan City were selected to experience the mountainscape. The results are as follows. The mountainscape of Yangsan City was confirmed from the view point to the object of view as ranging in middle distance reverse, the angle of elevation 11${\sim}13^{\circ}$ which give the impression of confronted to the mountain, and the horizontal angle 50${\sim}90^{\circ}$ which gives the impression of vastness. This shows that mountainscapes are perceived impressively when seeing the mountain with the meaning to feel the texture of the mountain as a confrontational relationship rather than a pictorial relationship. The geographic structure of the view point which occurs in scenes of impressive experience is classified into eight types and its characteristics are investigated. The first type is corridor, and it emerges in a long narrow linear structure made from the surrounding environment with buildings or street trees. The second is tunnel in which a vision and light hidden while passing underneath a bridge, high-level road, or inside a tunnel can be seen. Third, the maze is formed by the mountain shape. The hill spur emerges when the direction of traffic changes after turning the coner of a building or mountain edge. The hill ground emerges at the top of a hill slope. Next, parallel emerges when the observer and the mountain are in the same direction of process. Confrontation occurs when confronting an isolated mountain. Finally, the view point emerges when passing through major points such as a bridge or square and the boundary of a village or city. This research arranged visual conditions that create impressive mountainscapes. Geographic characteristics in terms of Types that make possible to experience mountainscapes were described. The results of this research will be basic data collected for the management and preservation of mountainscapes and for landscape effect evaluation. Furthermore, this research suggests theoretical evidence to preserve and manage geographic structures that create view experiences as well as to preserve the landscape in terms of view points.

      • KCI우수등재

        지명 명명공간의 형태와 상모적지각의 지형보전적 고찰 -경상남도 '목'마을을 대상으로-

        강영조 한국조경학회 1993 韓國造景學會誌 Vol.21 No.2

        The purpose of this study is to establish a theory for conservation of named and physiognomically perceived landform. And this study investigated the characteristics of the spatial form and physiognomic perception of MOK(is landform and space like neck) in MOK-MAEUL(settlement name including korean character 'mok') in Kyongsangnamdo. The surveyed sites are 52 MOK-MAEUL. The MOK representing a particular landform is divided into 5 types and the characteristics of landform were analyzed. The residents recognized a MOK as a living form and thought that influenced their wealth and security.

      • KCI등재

        Improvement of the Decarburization Rate in Austenitic Stainless Steelmaking

        강영조,김용환,손호상 대한금속·재료학회 2015 METALS AND MATERIALS International Vol.21 No.1

        In order to enhance the decarburization rate at low carbon content region during the decarburization ofmolten stainless steel in argan oxygen decarburization, inert gas was blown into top slag and molten steelthrough a top lance. The carbon content at the end point of the decarburization process was found to reachlower values than conventional levels without the inert gas top blowing. The decarburization rate might beimproved, probably due to the disturbance of the slag/metal interface and the dilution of CO gas. Theinfluence of slag in decarburization step on the decarburization and the reduction reactions of chromeoxides in the slag were also experimentally and theoretically investigated by establishing a kinetic modelof the decarburization of molten stainless steel under the existence of slag containing chrome oxide. Theliquid fraction of the slag appears to be essential for a more effective decarburization reaction. Countermeasureswere also proposed to prevent carbon pickup from burnt lime for better slag control.

      • KCI우수등재

        통시적 분석에 의한 통도사의 공간구성 수법에 관한 연구

        강영조 한국조경학회 1999 韓國造景學會誌 Vol.27 No.3

        This study aim to clarify the way of spatial composition of Tongdo Temple by diachronic analysis. The way of spatial composition was clarified through the analysis of built in architectural system in three periods. The result are as follows; 1. Spatial composition of Tongdo temple was changed in three period that it were establishment period, 1300s, and 1700s by the transition of meaning structure occurring the transition of spatial composition. 2. It was found out that the wat of spatial composition was three through the diachronic analysis the transition of spatial composition in Tongdo temple. 3. Juxtaposition as a way of spatial composition found out through the diachronic analysis is equivalent articulation of three sections; an upper, a middle, and a lower section and polyaxis or polycore in the each sections. Fusion is heterogenetic minglement mingling different kind of buildings and conjugation conjugating different kind of decorations. And accumulation of layer is mutilayer laying different time of layer and multi aspect aligning different kind of aspects since the temple's establishment.

      • 제주관광종합개발계획(1973)의 경관설계 사상과 실행

        강영조 東亞大學校生命資源科學大學附設 農業資源硏究所 1997 農業生命資援硏究 Vol.6 No.1

        In order to obtain a proper method of landscape design in nature dominant region, the concept of landscape design was analyzed by reviewing Cheju Tourist Comprehensive Development Plan(1973) and field survey of Cheju Island. The concept of Landscape design of Cheju Tourist Comprehensive Development Plan(1973) intended to conserve natural landscape which include rocks of fantastic shape, crave, ravine, fall, etc.. However, the concept to total landscape design which hamonizes natural environment and built environment was not considered. Consequently, built environment executed by Cheju Island. Thus, I suggest the proposed development plan should be harmonized with natural and artificial landscape, and it should provide less difficulty rehabilitating hamonized landscape.

      • KCI등재

        자아영역의 경관디자인 수법의 개발에 관한 연구 : 퇴계 이황의 '유소백산록(遊小白山錄)'을 사례로 Case Study of "Excursion Record of Mt. Sobaek(遊小白山錄) " by Toegye LEE

        강영조 한국정원학회 2001 한국전통조경학회지 Vol.19 No.3

        The experience of landscape consists of physical objects and human being. Few Studies on human being have been done, compared to abundant studies on manipulating physical objects. The purpose of this study is to develop landscape design ways on ego field in which human being is manipulated. This study was taken "Excursion Record of Sobaek(遊小白山錄)" by Toegye Lee for a case study. The results are as follows; 1. Manipulation of relation to landscape by view field. This is the landscape design ways by editting of sequential experience of landscape, selecting transportation means in accordance with body condition and landscape distribution, and selecting and framing view field to get the impressive landsapce experiences. 2. Manipulation of relation to landscape by view point This is the landscape design ways by manipulating of view field to be able to pose the body to get the impressive landscape experience, to control of view angle and line of vision in accrodance with landscape distribution and to make the guide board with direction of route and term to experience impressive landscape distribution and to make the guide board with direction of route and term to experience impressive landscape 3. Manipulation of meaning by inner ego This is the landscpae design ways by naming impressive landscpae, referring to the excurtion records and being accompanied by the people who can share the landscape experiences.

      • 지형명칭에 의한 경관분류에 관한 연구

        강영조 동아대학교 건설기술연구소 2002 硏究報告 Vol.26 No.1

        This study is to propose the method to classify to comprend landscape using landnames, spatial terms, because the existing method of landscape classification is not able to comprend the vernacular landscape, First of all, this study can be showed the points of the existing method of landscape classification and the necessities to comprend landscape using landnames, spatial terms. And it orderly showed the method to classify and to comprend landscape using landnames, spatial terms. The results are as follows: 1. Collection of named landscape 2. confirmation of real landform of the named landscape 3. Identification of landform of the named landscape 4. Subscription of landform of the named landscape In addition to this process of the method to classify of landscape, it pointed out the limitations.

      • KCI등재

        겸재 정선의 진경산수화에 나타난 조망행동 - 진경산수화 100엽을 대상으로 -

        강영조,배미경 한국조경학회 2002 韓國造景學會誌 Vol.30 No.5

        The purpose of this study is to consider the relationship between point of view and prospect behavior occurring in the experience of a painted landscape. This study analyzes one hundred scenes from the 'real landscape painting' by Kyumjae, one of the most famous landscape painters in 18th century Korea. The results of the study are as follows: 1. It clarified that Kyumjae's real landscape painting's 100 scenes have many view points such as roads, bridges, pavilions, mansions, towers, terraces, hillsides, bases of mountains, broad flat roots, brooksides, and ferries that are apt to occur in the experience of a landscape. The spatial characteristics of view points are expanded fields of vision, evening and night scenes, edges of landforms and structures from which to improve ones vantage point. 2. It showed that 99 out of real landscape painting's 100 scenes depict a view point'to look'and 79 of 'to look through', 73 of 'look around'and 24 of 'to look over'. 3. It showed that real landscape painting's 100 scenes depict that the view point 'to look' is mainly upon a road from which people are looking over an elevated landscape such as the top of a mountain or rockwall. The view behaviors of looking down are depict 15 pavilions, 14 mansions, 2 broad rocks and 10 mountain tops on which people experience landscapes such as fields, rural communities and streams. The view behaviors to look depict 33 ships, 24 roads, 24 pavilions, 19 mansions and 12 terraces on which people experience landscapes such as distant views of mountains, rivers and landscapes. The view behaviors to look around to obtain orientation of landscape are depict 16 pavilions, 10 mountaintops. To glimpse on the way of journey depict 33 ships and 29 roads. To look over depict 11 mansions and 6 pavilions on which experience borrows the landscape. To look through landscapes such as rivers, mountains and rockwalls depict 15 roads, 14 pavilions and 11 mansions. To exchange looks depict 30 ships, 14 roads, 12 pavilions and 12 mansions. We expect that these results might give clues toward the experience of landscapes and the practice of landscape design methods which select viewpoints, and in the design of view points suitable to prospect behaviors.

      • 溪谷 微地形景觀의 分類와 그 形態에 관한 硏究 : 등산 전문잡지의 기사 분석을 통하여 From analysis on articles from magazine for climbing

        姜榮祚,박한우 동아대학교 건설기술연구소 2001 硏究報告 Vol.25 No.1

        The purpose of this study is to clarify the classification and the characteristics of spatial form of the valley landforms according to extracting the name of landform, which are collected from the specialized magazine for climbing a collective representative. The named landform on the valley area is divided into 13 types which are gaegok(계곡, a valley), sangisuk(산기슭, a foot of mountain), sanjarak(산자락, a skirt of mountain), nurukbawee(너럭바위, a broad and flat rock), gaeroo(계류, a mountain stream), nudulgidae(너덜지대, a flutter area with rock), habsujum(합수점, a point of flow together), subtunul(숲터널, a forest path), so(소, swamp), pokpo(폭포, a waterfall), dolbatgil(돌밭길, a path through stony place), toisukgidae(퇴석지대, a area with a pile of stones) and its characteristics are analyzed. The result of this study will contribute to establish the theory for conservation and development of ways of designing for mountain landforms.

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