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      • KCI등재

        중국의 위험한 민족수난사 교육 : 근현대교과서의 전쟁사관을 중심으로 以近現代戰爭史敎育爲中心

        오병수 역사교육학회 2005 역사교육논집 Vol.34 No.-

        最近在東亞發生的有關歷史解釋的國際間矛盾正在加深, 威脅着追求相互共存和繁榮的地區秩序, 爲了增進國際間的相互理解而摸索歷史敎育方案, 顯得越加急迫. 我想首先反思各國歷史敎育中所內在的國家利己主義, 以探索基于省察知識及理性能力的市民敎育的方向. 本文從這種角度上檢討中國現行歷史敎育的目標與實際, 兼分析其某些問題點與可能性. 同時本文特別注重把握最近中國在以新世紀型市民培養爲目標之下而制定頒布的敎育課程及敎科書中, 國家一元主義的特性與國民認同意識的結構. 中國的最新敎育課程, 從其內容及看法上, 比以前的, 更加强調國家主義. 比如以政治史爲主來編成敎科內容, 與過去重視文明史的看法大不相同, 同時忽略過去國際主義及普遍的世界認識的광架, 而擴大中國在國際社會中的各種角色. 還有, 中國歷史敎科書, 認爲中國近現代過程是民族受難期, 敍述以人民對于帝國主義與封建統治者的長期鬪爭, 同時造出作爲英雄戰士的國民像. 這種敍述광架的基礎是人民通過在黨的科學的領導之下的集體鬪爭與勝利, 來建設中華人民共和國. 可是, 從敎育學角度上考察的話, 這種敍述含有許多問題. 比如把整個歷史過程, 只從人民與反人民的對立抗爭的結構之下理解, 是頗有單純之嫌. 同時歷史發展的最終意義歸屬于黨·國家·民族的集團利益, 兼缺乏作爲道德人格主體人民的主動性. 特別是缺乏對于普遍的價値的信念與省察性知識, 只顧英雄主義的勝利史觀的歷史認識, 也有容易發展到侵略的國家利己主義的可能性. 但有希望的是, 如有關南京大屠殺的敍述, 不從國家利益的看法而從一般人民的看法, 省察了日本帝國主義反文明的具體罪行, 顯示着東亞共有的歷史認識的可能性. 理所當然, 爲了把這種可能性加以實現, 需要許多敎育的配慮與實踐.

      • KCI등재

        항전시기 중국의 “중국 근대사” 서술과 동아시아 인식의 변용 및 그 유산

        오병수 서강대학교 인문과학연구소 2017 서강인문논총 Vol.0 No.50

        이글은 중국의 근대사 서술에 투영된 동아시아 인식을 계통적으로 성찰하고, 대안적 서술을 전망하기 위한 기초 작업이다. 중국에서 독립적인 학문영역으로서 ‘근대사’가 성립한 것은 1930년대였다. 근대 역사학의 발전과 일제의 침략으로 고조된 민족주의가 그 배경이었다. 따라서 ‘근대사’는 아편전쟁 이래 열강의 중국 침략과 청 정부의 무능한 대응을 주요한 내용으로 하면서, 邊疆과 屬國에 대한 전통적 지배권 상실 등에 대한 비판적 서술이 주류를 이루었다. 항전의 전개와 함께 이러한 민족주의적 역사 서술은 더욱 강화되었다. 특히 중국은 일본의 침략적 동아시아 담론에 대응하면서 스스로의 민족・강역・문화를 절대화 하는 한편, 기왕의 동아시아 인식을 재구성하였다. 전통적인 중화주의를 대신하여, 자국의 안전과 문화적 통합의 대상으로서 동아시아를 새롭게 창출되었다. 이러한 동아시아 인식은 현재, 자국의 안전을 위해서는 주변에 대한 정치적 개입을 정당화하는 역사 서술로 계승되고 있으며, 향후에도 지속될 것으로 보인다. 각국이 공유할 수 있는 새로운 역사 서술을 모색할 필요가 있다. This paper aims to trace out the Chinese view of East Asia supposed in their modern historical narration, and to reveal their imperial intention in it. In China, modern history as modern science was formed in 1930s. The background of its emergence and development was nationalism which Japan’s invasion had occasioned. Its main focus, thus, was to criticize incessant invasions of the Powers since the Opium Wars and Qing’s inability to defend against them. The general tenor of the Chinese modern history narration was their nostalgic sense of having lost their traditional frontiers and tribute states. Along with their resistance against foreign invasions, the nationalistic tenor of their historical narration has gained in an increasing strength. In particular, it has reified the Chinese view of nation, frontier, and culture, in response to the Japanese historical discourse of East Asia. Here, the idea of East Asia was forged for the purpose of the Chinese security and integration, substituting the traditional view of order of which China was the center. Now, the China-centered view of East Asia in the historical narration plays the role of justifying the Chinese intervention into the neighbouring countries and it is expected to do so. To overcome conflicts over historical interpretation among the countries concerned, we need to invent a new paradigm of the history of East Asia that all are obliged to share.

      • KCI등재후보

        中ㆍ西에 가린 동아시아 : 중국 중등학교 역사교육과 동아시아인식

        오병수 동북아역사재단 2008 東北亞歷史論叢 Vol.- No.19

        By focusing on Chinese perceptions of East Asia, this articlediscusses the discourse of the regional system of East Asia. A closeanalysis of history curriculum in Chinese secondary school duri ng theperiod from the early twentieth century to the present reveals theways in which Chinese intellectuals have observed the East Asia nregion and also developed their modern world-view.Chinese intellectuals have developed a world view in which Chin aand the West were located at the center, and East Asia was justmarginal. This perception of East Asia shows the moderntransformation of the theory of Huayi , based on the definition of thecivilized China and its negative counterparts. Assuming a natur altransformation of the non -Han people to the Han people, this theoryreveals the traditional Sino -centricism embedded within Chineseintellectuals’ perceptions of East Asia. In this theory, East Asia is notconsidered as the object of equal solidarity or the existence o f theotherness by the Chinese.Such perceptions of East Asia based on the traditional Sino -centricism have been constantly reproduced through historyeducation at secondary schools in Modern China. Especially, the92 동북아역사논총 19호history curriculum composed of the two parts, Chinese history a ndworld history, has seriously contributed to marginalize teachin g EastAsian history at school. There is no doubt that East Asia has c laimedits significance in the political rhetoric of socialistic inter nationalism.Nonetheless, its status, at least in the history curriculum, ha s beenovershadowed under the theory of Huayi . 중국의 지식인들은 중과 서로서 근대 세계를 이해하고 표상해 온 만큼 동아시아에 대한 인식은 지극히 빈약하였다. 이렇게 중서라는 표상체계에 집착한 데에는 물론 여러 가지 이유가 있겠지만, 전통적 공간인식 체계인 화이론적 세계인식의 근대적 변용과정에서 등장한 것이었다. 이러한 화이론은 국내적으로는 非漢族=支族에 대한 한화정책을 전제로 한 일련의 국민국가 건설과정으로 발현되었지만, 동아시아에 대해서는 과거와 같은 중화주의적 인식체계로서 표출되었다. 따라서 동아시아는 수평적 연대의 대상이나, 타자화의 대상이 되지 못하였다. 이러한 인식 틀은 중등학교 역사교육과정을 통해 지속적으로 교수되고 재생산 되었다. 특히 근대 교육제도의 수용 이래 역사교육과정은 자국사와 외국사 또는 세계사를 중심으로 편제되어 왔지만, 자국사의 체계화와 서구적 보편사라는 편제 원리 사이에서 동아시아 각국에 대한 인식은 어정쩡하게 편제되었다. 물론 신중국에서 사회주의적 국제주의의 원칙에 따라 상대적으로 중시된 적도 있었지만, 그 역시 전통적 공간인식 체계와 유사한 화이론적 인식 틀을 바탕으로 한 것이었다. 현행 역사 교육과정은 세계화의 추세에 맞추어, 탈정치화 및 다원적 세계인식이라는 원칙아래 문명간 교류를 중심으로 과정을 편제하고 있다. 그러나 이러한 과정 역시 국가주의적 경향성을 강화한 측면이 있다. 특히 현대화에 성공한 일본을 독립적인 주제로 다루고 있을 뿐, 동아시아 주변 국가에 대한 인식은 대폭 축소하였다. 상호소통의 확대를 위한 심각한 방안이 요망된다.

      • 수소연료전지 자동차의 개발 현황

        오병수,정귀성 한국자동차공학회 2000 한국자동차공학회 지부 학술대회 논문집 Vol.- No.-

        The environmental problems caused by vehicles and the limitation of fossil fuels are demanding new engines with new fuel. Hydrogen fuel cell powered vehicle is considered as solution of these problems.<br/> Fuel cells are devices that change chemical energy directly into electrical energy without combustion. Using hydrogen and oxygen as reactants, they produce only water as by-product. Most of the leading automotive manufacturers have been involved in fuel cell vehicle research and development. They will try to commercialize fuel cell vehicle in four or five years.<br/> Many challenges are remained to be solved before fuel cell power system can achieve the cost reduction, performance, and reliability in order to guarantee a successful commercialization of fuel cell vehicles. Fuel cell will be improved and can be adopted widely as cleaner and more efficient automotive engine.<br/> <br/> <br/>

      • KCI등재

        페놀의 오존 산화시 관찰된 HAA 전구물질 변화에 관한 연구

        오병수,김경숙,강준원 한국물환경학회 2005 한국물환경학회지 Vol.21 No.2

        The purpose of this study was to find out the effect of oxidation by-products for the formation of haloacetic acid (HAA) during ozonation. The phenol was used as a model precursor of HAA, and its oxidation by-products, such as hydroquinone, catechol, glyoxal, glyoxylic acid and oxalic acid were investigated to find out how much HAA formation potential (HAAFP) they have. As the result, among the phenol and its oxidation by-products, the highest reactivity with chlorine was found from the phenol, showing the highest HAAFP. Even though the tested by-products had a lower HAAFP than phenol, it was confirmed that all of them can act as the precursor of HAA. From the ozonation of phenol-containing water, it was found that the efficiency of ozone in controlling of HAAs can be reduced due to the oxidation by-products. In addition, the ozonation of HAAFP was performed under the both pH conditions (acid and base), and the result indicates that OH radical play a important role to decrease HAAFP.

      • KCI등재

        서울시 정수장 유입 원수내 미량유해물질의 조사

        오병수,김경숙,주설,강준원 한국물환경학회 2004 한국물환경학회지 Vol.20 No.3

        This study investigated the micropollutants present in raw water supplied for the several drinking water treatment plants in Seoul. The target sample waters were collected from the several sites, such as Jayang (JY), Kuui (KI), Paldang (PD) and Kangbuk (KB) at the Han-River stream. The analytical method used in this study enable us to detect about 300 kinds of chemicals commonly found in surface water at ppt level by GC-ion trap MS. In this study, the consideration on the analytic results focused on the four hazardous organics, such as benzenes, phenols, phthalates and pesticides. The numbers of each detected micropollutant were 1~8 kinds for benzenes, 1~7 kinds for phenols, 5~7 kinds for phthalates and 1~9 kinds for pesticides. For the pesticides, the higher concentration was detected in the water samples collected from PD and KB adjacent to the farming area, and at June and July, which is the busy farming season. The total concentrations of each micropollutants detected at all the sites were significantly lower than those of drinking water regulation in Korea as well as other advanced countries. However, the frequently detected micropollutants requires the steady and precise monitoring for the effective management of drinking water source.

      • 硏究系 知識人과 北伐 : 國民革命의 再解釋 反思國民革命

        吳秉守 중국근현대사학회 2002 중국현대사연구 Vol.16 No.-

        在現代國家建設過程中, 知識分子承擔的角色, 是非常重要的. 本文以在國民革命期硏究系知識分子, 特別是他們在于國民革命中的主要活動爲例, 探討了中國國家建設過程中的重要特色. 硏究系知識分子, 是五四以後在話語空間上出現的以梁啓超爲中心的的一批知識分子. 他們倚仗尨大的文化權力, 提出一貫的國家建設構想及實踐方略, 主導話語空間. 他們經常站在代表社會理性的立場上, 批判革命勢力. 他們希求社會理性能구限制國家權力的政治秩序 因此비상강구確立基礎于市民社會, 來替代舊的政治秩序. 因此他們的實踐方略的核心在于培養國民的自治力量. 但是他們限于乏市民階級的政治現實, 只能嘗試將聯合知識分子爲基礎, 建設新的政治共同體. 這與主張通過組織國民力量來打倒舊政治權力而建設人民權力體制的革命路線根本不同.’ 所以他們一直批判了革命的北伐路線, 兼否定只고‘革命’旗號的北伐勢力的正當威望, 同時要求廢棄一黨專政與實行民治. 因爲他們認爲缺乏市民基礎的北伐, 決不能保障市民的自由. 可國民黨的一黨專政體制不能容認這些主張, 因此以反動或者反革命的罪名斷罪兼排斥他們. 其實由于北伐本身就是高擧革命的武裝戰爭, 革命勢力對于一體批判勢力非以暴力的排除來貸付不可. 特別是爲了實現黨治, 革命勢力一邊用武力與國民動員, 推進繼續革命, 一邊徹底封鎖關于統合社會的理性討論. 但是硏究系知識分子, 不顧暴力的被排除, 創出各樣型式的結社與批評空間, 結集知識分子, 討論國家權力的理性化方案. 這就是作爲社會理性勢力, 參與國家建設的唯一方法. 然而革命勢力否定在國家建設過程中他們一體作用, 于是49年以後, 缺乏牽制力量的統治權力, 終于引起了國家權力的無限擴大, 其繼起已經在北伐過程中胚胎着了.

      • 자동차용 액체수소 저장 용기의 열해석

        오병수,정진삼,Oh, Byeong Soo,Jung, Jin Sam 한국수소및신에너지학회 1999 국제학술대회 Vol.10 No.3

        The development of hydrogen vehicles has been actively progressed in the developed countries such as U. S., Japan and Germany. The most important technology of using hydrogen fuel is to develope a compatible storage tank with respect to the fossil fuel tank. Among many storage methods, the liquid hydrogen is the most desirable state because of the lowest volume and weight. The metal hydride tank is too heavy and the compressed hydrogen tank is too bulky. Because of these reasons, it is the principal purpose to analyze the theoretical heat transfer for designing and manufacturing an actual $LH_2$ tank. The insulation methods of the room between inner and outer vessel are non-vacuum, vacuum, vacuum with MLI(Multi-Layer Insulation). According to the results of the numerically calculated heat leak through the walls of the $LH_2$ tank, the vacuum insulated tank has 20 times and the MLI tank has 5616 times less heat leak than the non-vacuum tank.

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