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        • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

          Substituting oat hay or maize silage for portion of alfalfa hay affects growth performance, ruminal fermentation, and nutrient digestibility of weaned calves

          Zou,,Yang,Zou,,XinPing,Li,,XiZhi,Guo,,Gang,Ji,,Peng,Wang,,Yan,Li,,ShengLi,Wang,,YaJing,Cao,,ZhiJun Asian Australasian Association of Animal Productio 2018 Animal Bioscience Vol.31 No.3

          Objective: The impact of forage feeding strategy on growth performance, ruminal fermentation and nutrient digestibility in post-weaning calves was investigated. Methods: Forty-five female Holstein calves (body weight [BW] = $79.79{\pm}0.38kg$) were enrolled in the 35-d study at one week after weaning and randomly assigned to one of three dietary treatments. All diets were fed as total mixed ration containing 60% (dry matter [DM] basis) of basal starter feed and 40% (DM basis) of forage, but varied in composition of forage source including i) alfalfa (40% DM, AH); ii) alfalfa hay (26.7% DM)+oat hay (13.3% DM; OH); iii) alfalfa hay (26.7% DM)+corn silage (13.3% DM; WS). Results: Dry matter intake was not different among treatment groups (p>0.05). However, BW (p<0.05) and average daily gain (p<0.05) of calves fed AH and OH were greater than WS-fed calves, whereas heart girth was greater in OH-fed calves than those fed AH and WS (p<0.05). Ruminal fermentation parameters including proportion of butyric acid, acetated-to-propionate ratio, concentration of total volatile fatty acid, protozoal protein, bacterial protein, and microbial protein in rumen were the highest in OH (p<0.05) and the lowest in WS. Compared with the AH and WS, feeding oat hay to postweaning calves increased crude protein digestibility (p<0.05), and decreased duration of diarrhea (p<0.05) and fecal index (p<0.05). Conclusion: Our results suggested that partially replacing alfalfa hay with oat hay improved ruminal fermentation, nitrogen utilization, and reduced incidence of diarrhea in post-weaning dairy calves.

        • KCI등재SCOPUS

          Substituting oat hay or maize silage for portion of alfalfa hay affects growth performance, ruminal fermentation, and nutrient digestibility of weaned calves

          Yang,Zou,XinPing,Zou,XiZhi,Li,Gang,Guo,Peng,Ji,Yan,Wang,ShengLi,Li,YaJing,Wang,ZhiJun,Cao 아세아·태평양축산학회 2018 Animal Bioscience Vol.31 No.3

          Objective: The impact of forage feeding strategy on growth performance, ruminal fermentation and nutrient digestibility in post-weaning calves was investigated. Methods: Forty-five female Holstein calves (body weight [BW] = 79.79±0.38 kg) were enrolled in the 35-d study at one week after weaning and randomly assigned to one of three dietary treatments. All diets were fed as total mixed ration containing 60% (dry matter [DM] basis) of basal starter feed and 40% (DM basis) of forage, but varied in composition of forage source including i) alfalfa (40% DM, AH); ii) alfalfa hay (26.7% DM)+oat hay (13.3% DM; OH); iii) alfalfa hay (26.7% DM)+corn silage (13.3% DM; WS). Results: Dry matter intake was not different among treatment groups (p>0.05). However, BW (p<0.05) and average daily gain (p<0.05) of calves fed AH and OH were greater than WS-fed calves, whereas heart girth was greater in OH-fed calves than those fed AH and WS (p<0.05). Ruminal fermentation parameters including proportion of butyric acid, acetated-to-propionate ratio, concentration of total volatile fatty acid, protozoal protein, bacterial protein, and microbial protein in rumen were the highest in OH (p<0.05) and the lowest in WS. Compared with the AH and WS, feeding oat hay to postweaning calves increased crude protein digestibility (p<0.05), and decreased duration of diarrhea (p<0.05) and fecal index (p<0.05). Conclusion: Our results suggested that partially replacing alfalfa hay with oat hay improved ruminal fermentation, nitrogen utilization, and reduced incidence of diarrhea in post-weaning dairy calves.

        • KCI등재SCIE

          자기 공명 영상을 이용한 안면비대칭환자의 측두하악관절 원반의 형태와 위치에 관한 연구

          Bingshuang,Zou,김태우,최순철 대한치과교정학회 2005 대한치과교정학회지 Vol.35 No.5

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          본 연구는 안면비대칭이 있는 환자의 측두하악관절원반 형태와 위치를 평가하고 악관절내장증과 안명비대칭 간의 관계를 규명하기 위하여 시행되었다. 남자 10명 및 여자 27명으로 구성된 안명비대칭 환자 37명의 74개의 TMJ MRI를 사용하였으며, 대상 집단의 연령은 12세에서 44세까지의 범위로 평균 21.4세였다. 시상 및 두정 TMJ MRI를 최대감합위 및 최대개구위에서 채득한 후 부분전방변위, 전방변위, 회전 또는 측방 원반변위 등 원반변위의 종류를 기록하였으며, 원반의 모양, 위치, 그리고 원반의 변위 및 회전을 MRI tracing 상에서 판독하였다. 악관절내장증의 증상은 정상, 정복성 전방원반변위 (ADDR). 그리고 비정복성 전방원반변위(ADDNR)집단으로 분류하였으며, 환자는 양측성 정상. 편측 혹은 양측 내장증 집단으로 분류하였다. 약 70%의 환자에서 편측성 또는 양측성 내장증을 보였으며, 통계분석 결과 ADD. 특히 회전성 ADD가 변위측에서 더 높은 빈도로 나타났으나 반대측에서는 원반의 위치가 정상인 경우가 많았다 (p<0.01).변위측의 원반은 모양의 변형 및 하전방 변위를 유의하게 더 나타냈다. 그러나 반대쪽은 개구시 원반이 수직방향으로 과운동성이 관찰되었다. 이 연구는 안면비대칭 환자에서 ADD의 종류가 원반의 모양,경사,변위 각도,변위의 수직거리 및 회전각도와 연관이 있다는 것을 제시한다. The present study was conducted to examine the morphometrics and function of the disk on both sides among patients with facial asymmetry (FA) and to elucidate plausible correlations between internal derangement (ID) and FA. The sample was composed of 10 males and 27 females with FA. The disk status of all subjects was evaluated by biateral high resolution magnetic resonance scans in the sagittal (closed and open) and coronal (closed) planes. Five types of disk displacement were identified accordingly. The disk function was diagnosed as normal disk function, disk displacement with reduction, and disk displacement without reduction. The disk shape on sagittal MRI in closed position was classified as bi-concave, biplanar, funnel/hemiconvex, and deformed. The disk position, translation and rotation were also measured. The difference between the shifted side and non-shifted side was analyzed by statistical analysis. Approximately 70% of the patients in the present study showed unilateral or bilateral ID. It was found that anterior disk displacements (ADD), especially rotational ADD, occurred more frequently in the shifted side, while normal disk position was observed mainly in the non-shifted side(p<0.01). The disk of the shifted side showed significantly deformed configuration and inferior-anterior disk position. However, the disk of the non-deviated side showed hyper-mobility during jaw opening movement. These results demonstrate that in FA patients, the disks status of the shifted side is different from that of the non-shifted side, a phenomenon that could be correlated to facial asymmetry.

        • SCISCIESCOPUS

          Hydrogen storage in Ca-decorated, B-substituted metal organic framework

          Zou,,X.,Cha,,M.H.,Kim,,S.,Nguyen,,M.C.,Zhou,,G.,Duan,,W.,Ihm,,J. Pergamon Press ; Elsevier Science Ltd 2010 International journal of hydrogen energy Vol.35 No.1

          The feasibility to store hydrogen in calcium-decorated metal organic frameworks (MOFs) is explored by using first-principles electronic structure calculations. We show that substitution of boron atoms into the benzene ring of the MOF linker substantially enhances the Ca binding energy to the linker as well as the H<SUB>2</SUB> binding energy to Ca. The Kubas interaction between H<SUB>2</SUB> molecules and Ca added in the MOF gives rise to a large number of bound H<SUB>2</SUB>'s (8H<SUB>2</SUB>'s per linker) with the binding energy of 20 kJ/mol, which makes the system suitable for reversible hydrogen storage under ambient conditions.

        • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재후보

          Implications of telomerase reverse transcriptase in tumor metastasis

          Zou,,Yongkang,Cong,,Yu-sheng,Zhou,,Junzhi Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biol 2020 BMB Reports Vol.53 No.9

          Metastasis is the main culprit of the great majority of cancerrelated deaths. However, the complicated process of the invasion-metastasis cascade remains the least understood aspect of cancer biology. Telomerase plays a pivotal role in bypassing cellular senescence and sustaining the cancer progression by maintaining telomere homeostasis and genomic integrity. Telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) exerts a series of fundamental functions that are independent of its enzymatic cellular activity, including proliferation, inflammation, epithelia-mesenchymal transition (EMT), angiogenesis, DNA repair, and gene expression. Accumulating evidence indicates that TERT may facilitate most steps of the invasion-metastasis cascade. In this review, we summarize important advances that have revealed some of the mechanisms by which TERT facilitates tumor metastasis, providing an update on the non-canonical functions of telomerase beyond telomere maintaining.

        • KCI등재

          Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Accessions from Five Different Origins

          Zou,,Kunyan,Kim,,Ki-Seung,Lee,,Daewoong,Jun,,Tae-Hwan The Korean Society of Crop Science 2020 Korean journal of crop science Vol.65 No.4

          Peanut is an allotetraploid derived from a single recent polyploidization. Polyploidization has been reported to have caused significant loss in genetic diversity during the domestication of cultivated peanuts. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based markers such as cleaved amplified polymorphic sequences (CAPS) derived from next-generation sequencing (NGS) have been developed and widely applied for breeding and genetic research in peanuts. This study aimed to identify the genetic diversity and population structure using 30 CAPS markers and 96 peanut accessions from five different origins. High genetic dissimilarities were detected between the accessions from Korea and those from the other three South American origins generally regarded as the origin of peanuts, while the accessions from Brazil and Argentina presented the lowest genetic dissimilarity. Based on the results of the present study, accessions from Korea have unique genetic variation compared to those from other countries, while accessions from the other four origins are closely related. Our study identified the genetic differentiation in 96 peanut accessions from five different origins, and this study also showed the successful application of SNP information derived from re-sequencing based on NGS technology.

        • KCI등재후보

          日本占領下の北京における日中文學交流 -北京近代科學圖書館という場において-

          ( Zou Shuangshuang ) 동서대학교 일본연구센터 2012 次世代 人文社會硏究 Vol.8 No.-

          The Second Sino-Japanese War started with the outbreak of the Lugouqiao Incident on July 7th, 1937. Soon after that, Beijing, famous for being an old capital for more than a thousand year fell into the hands of the Japanese army and was being occupied for 8 years until the end of the Second World War. Many researchers tend to consider that, there was no literary exchange between China and Japan in Beijing during that time, and even so, there were only traitor literatures servicing for Japanese army. However, in the Beijing Modern Science Library, which was established by Japan in December, 1936, literary exchanges occurred through translating Japanese works, especially poetry to Chinese. This paper is aimed at clarifying how the translating work was carried out, how it should be evaluated in the history of Japanese literary translation in China, and what the director Saburo Yamamuro and the translator Qian Daosun considered under the occupation of Japanese army.

        • SCIESCOPUS

          Evaluation of the horizontal electric field of the lightning channel with the fast convergent sommerfeld integral tail

          Zou,,Jun,Zhou,,Chenglong,Li,,Wenwen,Lee,,Jae-bok,Chang,,Sughun Emerald Group Publishing Limited 2013 Compel Vol.32 No.6

          <B>Purpose</B> - The electromagnetic field radiated from a lightning channel is the excitation for analyzing the field-to-transmission line coupling problem. The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel efficient approach to evaluate the horizontal electric field of the lightning channel expressed by the generalized Sommerfeld integral. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - The asymptotic integral is extracted from the original one, which actually makes the Sommerfeld integral tail reach its convergence very quickly. To handle the sharp variance around k0, a closed-form integral, which is obtained by replacing the original kernel with an approximated function, is presented in detail. The numerical examples validated the proposed approach in the both frequency and time domain. <B>Findings</B> - The approach proposed in this paper has been validated by the comparison with results in other papers. The agreement among these results reaches very well, and the approach proposed in this paper is more efficient and easy to implement, especially for the calculation of the tail integral part. <B>Originality/value</B> - In accordance with the numerical experiments, the proposed approach can be served as a qualified candidate in terms of computational efficiency to evaluate the electromagnetic field generated by the lightning channel.

        • SCOPUSKCI등재
        • Beta-asarone Induces LoVo Colon Cancer Cell Apoptosis by Up-regulation of Caspases through a Mitochondrial Pathway in vitro and in vivo

          Zou,,Xi,Liu,,Shen-Lin,Zhou,,Jin-Yong,Wu,,Jian,Ling,,Bo-Fan,Wang,,Rui-Ping Asian Pacific Organization for Cancer Prevention 2012 Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention Vol.13 No.10

          Beta-asarone is one of the main bioactive constituents in traditional Chinese medicine Acorus calamu. Previous studies have shown that it has antifungal and anthelmintic activities. However, little is known about its anticancer effects. This study aimed to determine inhibitory effects on LoVo colon cancer cell proliferation and to clarify the underlying mechanisms in vitro and in vivo. Dose-response and time-course anti-proliferation effects were examined by MTT assay. Our results demonstrated that LoVo cell viability showed dose- and time-dependence on ${\beta}$-asarone. We further assessed anti-proliferation effects as ${\beta}$-asarone-induced apoptosis by annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide assay usinga flow cytometer and observed characteristic nuclear fragmentation and chromatin condensation of apoptosis by microscopy. Moreover, we found the apoptosis to be induced through the mitochondrial/caspase pathway by decreasing mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and reducing the Bcl-2-to-Bax ratio, in addition to activating the caspase-9 and caspase-3 cascades. Additionally, the apoptosis could be inhibited by a pan-caspase inhibitor, carbobenzoxy-valyl-alanyl-aspartyl-[O-methyl]-fluoromethylketone (Z-VAD-FMK). When nude mice bearing LoVo tumor xenografts were treated with ${\beta}$-asarone, tumor volumes were reduced and terminal deoxynucleotide transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assays of excised tissue also demonstrated apoptotic changes. Taken together, these findings for the first time provide evidence that ${\beta}$-asarone can suppress the growth of colon cancer and the induced apoptosis is possibly mediated through mitochondria/caspase pathways.

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