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( Yong Se Cho ), ( Jee Hee Son ), ( Yong Won Choi ), ( Yun Sun Byun ), ( Bo Young Chung ), ( Hye One Kim ), ( Hee Jin Cho ), ( Se Kyoo Jeong ), ( Chun Wook Park ) 대한피부과학회 2016 대한피부과학회 학술발표대회집 Vol.68 No.2
<div style="display:none">fiogf49gjkf0d</div><div style="display:none">fiogf49gjkf0d</div><div style="display:none">fiogf49gjkf0d</div><div style="display:none">fiogf49gjkf0d</div><div style="display:none">fiogf49gjkf0d</div><div style="display:none">fiogf49gjkf0d</div><div style="display:none">fiogf49gjkf0d</div> Background: Radiation dermatitis is the most commonly observed dermatologic complication of radiation therapy. Symptoms include itching, pain, erythema, darkening of skin, and impairment of skin barrier function. Objectives: The aim of this study is to measure the change of skin barrier functions by X-Ray irradiation. The potential involvement of deoxysphingolipids (DeoxySLs), and non-traditional cytotoxic sphingolipids in irradiation induced skin damage were also investigated. Methods: Hairless mice were irradiated and test group received multi-lamellar structured physiologic lipid mixture (Zeroid MD Intensive Lotion) every day. Skin biopsy was also taken to observe the expression of deoxysphingosine in skin. To further investigate the potential roles of DeoxySLs, sphingolipids and DeoxySLs were also analyzed in X-ray irradiated cultured normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK). Results: X-ray irradiation significantly induced impairment of skin barrier functions, expressed as increased TEWL and decreased skin capacitance, which is consistent with previous reports. Interestingly, topical application of multi-lamellar structured physiologic lipid mixture significantly alleviated the X-ray induced skin barrier impairment. Changes of deoxysphingosine after irradiation were also decreased. Increased formation of DeoxySLs was observed in irradiated NHEK in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusion: Topical application of therapeutic moisturizer can alleviate the irradiation-induced skin damages.
barley grain and malt is highly related to beer quality, especially hordein is known to be a more significant factor in malting process than albumin. In this study, we proposed selection criteria for high quality malting barley with aid of grain and malt quality parameter scores and storage protein subunit profile informations. Albumin and hordein were extracted and denatured protein subunits were evaluated with malt and grain quality parameters. Total 13 local adaptability test (LAT) lines were planted in four locations (Naju, Iksan, Jeju, and Jinju) and evaluated for malt and beer making qualities. Seventeen germplasms (world collections for high or low seed storage protein content) were also evaluated for biochemical genetic marker. Denatured seed storage protein subunits of albumin and hordein of all tested lines and germplasms were evaluated using 12% 1D SDS-PAGE. Scored data of protein subunit's presence or absence was applied to Agglomerative Hierarchical Clustering (AHC) for statistical analysis. Subunits fractionated within specific molecular weight ranges (97.4-31.0, 66.2-31.0, and 45.0-31.0 kDa) were highly correlated with agricultural characteristics. Several LAT lines showing good performance in agricultural characteristics were clustered in dendrogram constructed by biochemical-genetic assay using XLSTAT. Specific band pattern showed in good performance LAT lines were also observed in some germplasms of world collection having low protein contents which are known to have superior quality in malting. The results would provide selection criteria for high quality malting barley in the malting barley breeding program.
Rye (Secale cereale L.) chromatins have been used to introduce agronomically important traits into wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Wheat-rye translocations in the form of 1RS.1AL, 1RS.1BL, 2BS.2RL have been developed for an important genetic source of disease and pest resistance. The long arm of rye chromosome 2 (2RL) has valuable genes that confer resistance to pests such as biotype L of Hessian fly, powdery mildew, leaf and stem rust. Here, we report the generation and analysis of expressed sequence tags from Hessian fly infested wheat-rye translocation. RNAs were isolated from young seedlings infested by Hessian fly. cDNA library was constructed using Clontech cDNA library construction kit. Random sequencing of candidate clones were performed. The EST clones might be useful to clone target gene sequences and would provide clues on molecular interaction between wheat and Hessian fly.
The transcription factors, DMRT1 and FOXL2, play a role in fish sex differentiation of the bipotential precursor into the male and female pathway, respectively. In order to provide the molecular background for understanding hormonal regulation in sexual determination and differentiation in the red-spotted grouper, Epinephelus akaara, one of commercially important epinephelines, and is often used to study protogynous sex change. First, we amplified the partial sequence of two genes (DMRT1 and FOXL2) from the gonad of red-spotted grouper. Also, we surveyed the tissue-specific and sex-specific expression pattern of each genes by RT-PCR. The effects of 17α-methyltestosterone (MT) in the sexually immature gonad of red-spotted grouper were investigated by Real-time quantitative RT-PCR. Fish were treated with MT-dipping method from around 70 days after hatching (DAH) for two month. DMRT1 and FOXL2 cDNA flagments consist of 489 and 836 base pairs (bp) and encodes a protein of 162 and 278 amino acids, respectively. RT-PCR revealed that DMRT1 mRNA was expressed higher level in the testis. Foxl2 was expressed extensively in the neural and peripheral tissues with its highest level in the ovary, indicating a potential role for Foxl2 in the brain-pituitary-gonad axis. Real-time quantitative RT-PCR analyses showed that DMRT1 mRNA expression was upregulated in the MT-treated fish. These results suggest that the sex inversion of red-spotted grouper by MT might be due to the suppression of FOXL2 gene expression, and resulting in the induction of the 11-KT secretion.
Recently Transgenesis was achieved in Bombix mori. For stable and effective transgenesis in B.mori, B.mori cytoplasmic actin gene (BmA3) promoter was used to expression of marker gene, the green fluorescent protein(GFP). Green fluorescent protein expression for selection of transformants was visible in all larval, pupal, and adult tissues but, unexpectdly, was not detectable in embryos. So, it spend times and money on rearing of silkworm. Furthermore, the BmA3 promoter is predominantly active in the midgut, which makes it difficult to reliably identify transformants since autofluorescence of many insect foods can mask low-level fluorescence and only allows the detection of strongly expressing individuals with potentially multiple insertions. Therefore, we need more intensely promoter than BmA3 promoter for selected by expression of GFP in embryos and selected by reliable expression of GFP in larvae. We performed dot blot hybridization to develop strong promoter. Nine differentially expressed clones were isolated and we focused one clone of them which has high similarity with heat shock protein 70 gene from D.melanogaster. We named it as bHSP70 (Bombyx mori heat shock protein 70). Expression from the hsp70 promoter was strong and heat shock-dependent. And Drosophila hsp70 promoter appears useful for regulating expression of Exogenous DNA. So, we analyzed transcriptional activity of promoter with bHSP70 gene by using dual luciferase assay system. bHSP70 promoter has about 264 folds more intensely than BmA3 promoter. Also, when bHSP70 promoter treated heat shock(42℃), transcriptional activity incresed 2 times more than normal condition. Therefore, we suggest that bHSP70 promoter is more effective candidate for stable transformation and selection of transformants.
One new species of the genus Euphoriomyces was collected on Scaphisoma rufum Achard (Scaphidiidae) in South Korea. Euphoriomyces chaekyui sp. nov. is unique in having a single terminal phialide shaped an elongated cylindrical form on the distal portion of the main axis.
A dietary deficiency of tryptophan can cause pellagra and lead to low levels of serotonin that is associated with depression, aggression, anxiety and overeating in humans. Thus, enhancement of tryptophan content in rice has great potential benefit for human and animal diets. In this study, a total of 1,350 rice mutant population was used to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in Oryza sativa anthranilate synthase alpha1(OASA1) gene that was associated with negative feedback in tryptophan biosynthesis. For high-throughput TILLING analysis, 5 fluorescence-labeled primer sets were designed to cover exon regions of OASA1 locus and PCR amplifications were analyzed using ABI3130xl DNA sequencer. Through the screening of 1,350 mutant lines, nine mutant lines produced one or two cleaved fragments in the PCR products of OASA1 locus. The full sequencing of nine mutant lines revealed that total 31 SNPs were located in the regions of OASA1. In particular, three mutant lines contained SNPs in coding regions that resulted in an amino acid change. The tryptophan contents of the three mutant lines were 2.2- to 2.3-fold higher than the wild type. These high-tryptophan mutant lines will be used rice breeding programs and contribute directly to enhancing human nutrition.