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      • KCI등재

        디지털 시대와 시의 대응 방식 : 이원의 시를 중심으로 on the focus of poem of Lee Won

        이혜원 한국어문학회 2004 語文學 Vol.0 No.86

        Now, it comes digital age. According to the change, literature environment is changed and modern poem is affected by it. In this paper, we will study how we should confront the movement. There is two opposite views between aggressive and passive about the spreading of digital culture. The views are divided as four again according to distinction of media. Digital poem is considered as two cases; 1) to create a new style of poem based on digital media, 2) to rewrite existing poem through digital media. Among the existing poem, there are two cases; 1) poem which reflects in affect of new media aggressively, 2) poem which adhere to existing method. We pay attention to the former in this paper, particularly we study poem of Lee Won among them closely. Poem of Lee Won considers affect of digital culture as absolute one and sees through the change which affect give rise to on world-view and consciousness. A poet persists in properties of existing media, in order to penetrate into a core of the change of times in general and build it as concrete actuality. Properties of the printed media appear in the poem of Lee Won diversely, that is, the method of realistic description, the clear visual image, the consistent inner description, and the integrated perception etc. Poem of Lee Won express the diverse change of life and the problem of subject dramatically through the concrete imagenation on digital age. The poet provoke the fundermental crisis which digital culture bring about as he asks a ontological question on modern life and subject. Poem of Lee Won predicts the digital age critically by thinking the printed media linearly and integrately. We consider her poem as a useful strategy which is able to predict and control the revolutionary change that will be come in future.

      • KCI등재

        유역관리에 따른 수질개선 효과분석을 위한 HSPF 모델 적용

        송혜원(Hye Won Song), 이혜원(Hye Won Lee), 최정현(Jung Hyun Choi), 박석순(Seok Soon Park) 大韓環境工學會 2009 대한환경공학회지 Vol.31 No.5

        유역관리 계획이 하천 수질에 미치는 영향을 분석하기 위하여 HSPF (Hydrological Simulation Program-Fortran) 모델을 경안천에 적용하였다. BASINS 3.1 GIS 프로그램에 DEM (Digital Elevation Model), 토지이용도, 하천도, 환경기초시설 등을 입력하여 경안천 유역을 총 57개 소유역으로 구분하고 모델 입력 자료를 산출하였다. 먼저 관측된 기상 및 하천 수량 자료를 이용하여 수문 모델의 타당성을 확인한 후 수질 모델을 보정하고 검증하였다. 적용한 수질은 수온, DO, BOD, NO₃-N, NH₃-N, Org-N, TN 그리고 TP이며, 대부분의 경우 측정치와 예측치가 적절히 일치하였다. 보정 및 검증 완료된 모델을 활용하여 소유역의 수질관리 방안에 따른 경안천 본류의 수질개선 효과를 분석하였다. 적용한 시나리오는 세 가지로, 첫째, 유역관리 활동을 통한 지천수질개선, 둘째, 환경기초시설의 확충과 처리수질 향상, 그리고 셋째, 이 두 가지를 동시에 적용하는 것이다. 예측결과에 따르면 환경기초시설 확충과 처리수질 향상이 유역관리를 통한 지천 수질개선보다 효과적인 것으로 나타났다. 경안천이 만족할 만한 수질로 개선되기 위해서는 두 가지 방안이 모두 적용되어야 하는 것으로 나타났다. The HSPF (Hydrological Simulation Program-Fortran) model was applied to the Kyoungan stream watershed to analyze effects of watershed management plans on receiving water qualities. Utilizing BASINS 3.1 GIS program, the Kyoungan stream watershed was divided into 57 sub-basins and model input parameters were obtained, from DEM (Digital Elevation Model), land use type, stream map, and wastewater treatment facilities, etc.. The hydrologic module of the model was validated based on the measured meteorological data and stream flow data. Then the model was calibrated and verified against the field measurements of water qualities, including temperature, DO, BOD, NO₃-N, NH₃-N, Org-N, TN and TP. In most cases, there were reasonable agreements between measurements and predictions. The validated model was used to analyze the water quality improvements in the main stream of Kyoungan stream according to the watershed management plans in sub-basins, which are three different scenarios: water quality improvement in tributaries through watershed management activities, expansion and up-grade of wastewater treatment plants, and application of first and second scenarios together. It was concluded that expansion and upgrade of wastewater treatment plants would be more effective than watershed management activities. In order to improve water qualities to the satisfactory level, both watershed management and point source control must be required in the Kyoungan stream.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI우수등재

        오규원 후기 시와 시론의 현상학적 특징 연구

        문혜원(Mun, Hye-won) 국어국문학회 2016 국어국문학 Vol.- No.175

        오규원은 후기 시에서 환유적 시 쓰기를 시도한다. 은유는 관념의 산물인데 비해 환유는 현상 자체를 설명하는 서술적인 것이라고 생각했기 때문이다. 그러나 그는 자신의 환유적 글쓰기가 단순한 모사와는 달리 ‘사실들의 허위성'을 포착하려는 것이라고 설명한다. 이 때 ‘사실들의 허위성'이란 사실들 자체가 만들어내는 내적인 상호연관으로서 대상 자체로부터 발현되는 것이다. 대상의 내적 연관은 현상의 이면에 잠재되어 있다. 특정한 순간에 대상은 특정한 형태로 드러나지만 다음 순간에는 또 다른 형태로 발현된다. 대상의 이면에 있는 ‘유보된 리얼리티'가 번갈아 발현되며 ‘겉'의 모습은 계속 바뀌지만, 그것들은 사라지는 것이 아니라 대상의 ‘속'에 숨어 있다가 때가 되면 겉으로 드러나는 것이다. 오규원은 이러한 ‘유보된 리얼리티'를 자연에서 발견하고, 풍경의 ‘깊이'를 탐구한다. 자연은 계절에 따라 나타나는 서로 다른 식물들로 항상 꽉 차 있다. 뿐만 아니라 비어있는 것처럼 보이는 허공 또한 사실은 꽉 차 있는 것으로서 물물과 맞닿아 있다. 유보된 리얼리티들이 공존할 수 있는 것은 그것들이 시간적인 순차성을 가지고 발현되기 때문이다. 주체가 사물의 깊이를 알아챌 수 있는 것은, 주체가 지각적 주체로서 ‘살'이라는 가역적 세계에 사물들과 함께 존재하고 있기 때문이다. 주체는 보면서 보여지는 몸의 이중성을 가지므로 그것 자체가 깊이와 두께를 가지고 있다. 그러므로 ‘깊이'는 세계와 연루되어 존재하는 주체의 실존 양상을 말하는 것이기도 하다. 오규원의 후기 시는 언어로 풍경의 ‘깊이'를 표현하는 것에 초점을 맞추고 있다. 그는 동일한 구절을 반복하거나 시의 일부를 다른 시에 포함시키고 변주함으로써, 언어로 대상을 그리는 방식을 모색하고 있다. 또한 오규원은 세잔이 공간의 중첩으로 표현한 ‘깊이'를 시간적 순차성으로 표현하고 있다. 이 때 시간성은 묘사되는 각각의 대상이 전체의 연관을 만들어가는 데 필요한 시간으로서 공간적 인접성을 이미 가지고 있다. 시간이 고정된 상태에서, 공간의 깊이는 지각적인 경험에 충실하게 대상을 그려내는 ‘체험된 원근법'에 의해서 표현되고 있다. 이처럼 오규원의 후기 시는 현상학적 사유를 바탕으로 하고 언어로써 풍경의 ‘깊이'를 표현하려는 시도라고 볼 수 있다. Oh, Kyu-won tried writing metonymical writing in his later poems. It is because he thought that the metaphor is ideal and substitutive, while the metonymy is predicative, explaining the phenomena itself. He also assert that his metonymical writing catches the "falsehood of the facts", and therefore different from the copy. In this context, "falsehood of the facts" means the internal, mutual relation that are made by the facts, thus revealed from the object itself. The internal relation is latent inside the hidden side of the phenomena. The object is exposed as particular shape in particular moment, but then it change its shape in the very next moment. It can be understood as that the "deferred reality" lies in the hidden side of the object and alternatively revealed. The exterior of the object continuously changes, but it just hide in the object and then exposed in proper time. Oh, Kyu-won finds the "deferred reality" in the nature and searches the "depth" of the scenery. The nature is filled with the plants, which are revealed differently on season. Also, the void air is actually filled, being merged into the objects. "Deferred reality" can coexist since they are revealed Sequentially. The subject can understand the depth of the object, since the subject and the objects coexist in reversible world, namely "chair". The subject has duplicity of seeing and being seen, hence obtains the depth and thickness itself. Therefore "depth" also means the aspect of existence of the subject, which are existing with the world. Oh, Kyu-won"s later poems are focusing on expressing the "depth" of the scenery. He is finding his own way of portraiting the object, by repeating the same phrase or variating the part of his poem in the other one. Also, he is expressing the "depth" as the time-based sequentiality, which was previously expressed by Cezanne, as the reiteration of the space. The temporality is the time needed to make the whole relation from the distinct objects, which already has the space-based adjacency. With the time fixed, the depth of the space is expressed by the lived perspective which portraits the objects following the perceptual experience. Thus Oh, Kyu-won"s later poems are based on the phenomenological thinking to express the depth of the scenery through the language.

      • KCI등재

        오규원의 ‘날이미지시'에 나타난 사진적 특성

        김혜원(Kim, Hye-won) 한국언어문학회 2012 한국언어문학 Vol.83 No.-

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        This report is aimed at analyzing the photographic features expressed in the ‘Raw Image Poetry' poetics and the poetry of Oh Kyu-won by means of 『La Chambre Claire』 of Roland Barthes. To begin with, I investigated the photographic features expressed in the ‘Raw Image Poetry' poetics, using the notion of Barthes. I compared the ‘Raw Image Poetry', which tried to express ‘as it is' as if alive, with the reality of photography. In addition, I checked on that the ideal of the ‘Raw Image Poetry', composed of metonymy of combination and access by virtue of proximity, and the ideal of the photography lied in the equality. And then I analysed the photographic features, expressed in the ‘Raw Image Poetry', of his individual poems specifically. First, I noticed the poems of which themes were noème in particular, investigating his poems which presented the noème as the proof of presence and the proof of absence Barthes had said. Second, I analysed the poems which expressed the immobilization of time Barthes had said, referring to the temporality as the ground of existence. Third, I investigated the poems which was using the metonymy which was oriented to the principle of proximity, referring to the spaciality as the ground of existence. Fourth, I analysed the ‘Raw Image Poetry' which was describing the objects vividly i.e. ‘as it is' and proved that it was the very photographic image. Fifth, I analysed the poems provoked the poetic tension sharp and shocking after punctum was revealed, referring to the ‘punctum' as a hurt. Consequently I identified that Oh Kyu-won, who had struggled with the ideated language at the time of shift from metaphor in his early poems into metonymy in his late poems, had the final result of ‘Raw Image Poetry' through the struggle, and that's the most transparent photographic image.

      • KCI등재

        Correlation coefficient Between gingival crevicular fluid and oral malodor

        hoh,,Woo-Jin,Jwa,,Su-Kyung,An,Hye-Won,Cho,,Ja-Won 대한임상예방치과학회 2009 International Journal of Clinical Preventive Denti Vol.5 No.1

        Objectives: The correlation coefficient between each component of oral malodor and amount of gingival crevicular fluid which is known as related with gingivitis, was estimated in order to apply the oral malodor control clinically. Methods: 90 adults (Male=50, Female=40) were participated who visited at Seoul Ho Dental Clinic or the department of Preventive Dentistry in Dankook Dental Hospital. Oral examination, halitosis check, and gingival crevicular fluid at maxillary right first molar and central incisor portions were measured. Results: In the Oralchroma measurement, the average value of 37.52±84.26ppb in the Hydrogen Sulfide, 19.64±41.50ppb in Methyl Mercaptan value, and 29.77±60.57ppb in Dimethyl Sulfide was investigated. In the other hand, the rest of average measurement values were investigated with 41.31±12.09 BBV in BB checker, 29.59±31.87ppm in Attain. The average value of gingival index was calculated 0.85±0.30 and 1.69±0.92 in CPITN, otherwise GCF was estimated 52.77±15.60. Due to the correlation test results, GCF value had a correlationship with r=0.221(p<0.05) of Methyl Mercaptan, r=0.285(p<0.05) with the BB checker value, r=0.458(p<0.05) for the ATTAIN value, r=0.634(p<0.05) for Gingival index and r=0.404(p<0.05) with in the CPITN. It revealed that more gases of Hydrogen Sulfide, BBV, and Ammonia were measured in moderate periodontitis group than in mild periodontitis group(p<0.05), otherwise only Ammonia was checked more in CPITN 2 or 3 group than in CPITN 0 or 1 group(p<0.05). Conclusion: Volatile sulfur compound, BB checker value and ammonia elements increase in accordance to the periodontal health. And this finding supports that using GCF level to determine the periodontal disease patient have more valuable classification in halitosis towards the periodontal disease patient.

      • KCI등재

        우리나라 노인여성의 골다공증성 척추골절로 인한 경제적 부담 추계

        강혜영,강대룡,장영화,박성은,최원정,문성환,양규현,Kang,,Hye-Young,Kang,,Dae-Ryong,Jang,,Young-Hwa,Park,,Sung-Eun,Choi,,Won-Jung,Moon,,Seong-Hwan,Yang,,Kyu-Hyun 대한예방의학회 2008 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health Vol.41 No.5

        Objectives : To estimate the economic burden of osteoporotic vertebral fracture (VF) from a societal perspective. Methods : From 2002 to 2004, we identified all National Health Insurance claims records for women ${\geq}50$ years old with a diagnosis of VF. The first 6-months was defined as a "clearance period," such that patients were considered as incident cases if their first claim of fracture was recorded after June 30, 2002. We only included patients with ${\geq}$ one claim of a diagnosis of, or prescription for, osteoporosis over 3 years. For each patient, we cumulated the claims amount for the first visit and for the follow-up treatments for 1 year. The hospital charge data from 4 hospitals were investigated to measure the proportion of the non-covered services. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 106 patients from the 4 study sites to measure the out-of-pocket spending outside of hospitals. Results : During 2.5 years, 131,453 VF patients were identified. The patients had an average of 3.38 visits, 0.40 admissions and 6.36 inpatient days. The per capita cost was 1,909,690 Won: 71.5% for direct medical costs, 20.6% for direct non-medical costs and 7.9% for indirect costs. The per capita cost increased with increasing age: 1,848,078 Won for those aged 50-64, 2,084,846 Won for 65-74, 2,129,530 Won for 75-84and 2,121,492 Won for those above 84. Conclusions : Exploring the economic burden of osteoporotic VF is expected to motivate to adopt effective treatment options for osteoporosis in order to prevent the incidence of fracture and the consequent costs.

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