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      • 아동성범죄 예방을 위한 민간경비 영역 확대방안

        허정행(Huh, Jeong―Haeng), 정연완(Jeong, Yeon―Wan) 한국사회안전학회 2012 한국사회안전학회지 Vol.8 No.2

        사회나 문화마다 범죄의 개념이나 죄의 경중은 각기 다르게 적용된다. 하지만 어느 문화나 사회를 막론하고 아동에 대한 모든 범죄는 비인도적인 행위임에 틀림없다. 이에 본 연구는 아동성범죄 예방을 위한 민간경비영역의 확대방안을 다음과 같이 제안하였다. 첫째, 아동성범죄효과적인 예방 및 근절을 위해 기존의 배움터 지킴이 제도를 개선하고자 민간영역으로 이양하여 법적ㆍ제도적 개선을 통한 범죄예방이 모색 되어야 한다. 둘째, 아동경비인력의 법적 기준이 명확하지 않으므로 경비인력의 선발자격 제도화를 통하여 신뢰도와 전문성을 고취시켜야 할 것이다. 셋째, 아동보호 경비인력의 범죄예방과 질서유지를 위해 업무영역 내에서의 경찰권발동을 허가하는 법적개선이 이루어져야 할 것이다. 넷째, 아동보호서비스 업무를 신규업종으로 추가하는 방안을 검토ㆍ연구하여 경비업무영역에 포함시키는 제도를 강구하여야 한다. The notion of crimes and gravity of offense may be different depending on the community and culture. Every crime against children, however, is regarded as an inhuman conduct regardless of cultural, social differences. Thus, this study suggests a plan to expand the area of private guard to prevent sexual crimes against children as follows: First, legal and institutional improvements must be sought to prevent and eradicate crimes against children effectively by transferring the existing learning center guard system to private sectors. Second, since the legal standard for the guard manpower for children is not clear, the reliability and specialty must be enhanced by institutionalizing the qualifications for guards. Third, there must be legal improvement in that the police force is exercised in the designated areas to support guards for children to prevent crimes and maintain the order. Fourth, adding child-guarding service to the guarding sector as a certain category of business must be examined and sought.

      • KCI등재

        안확의 "조선" 인식과 "조선철학"

        이행훈 ( Haeng Hoon Lee ) 한국철학사연구회 2016 한국 철학논집 Vol.0 No.50

        1910년대에 들어서면서 본격화한 일제의 ``조선`` 연구가 식민 정책의 일환 이었다면 그에 대항하는 조선 연구는 국권 회복과 자주 독립의 염원을 담 고 있었다. 이는 당대 ``조선``이라는 개념이 발화주체에 따라 그 안에 내포된 의미와 지향이 상이했음을 의미한다. 대한제국의 소멸과 함께 근대 국가 건 설은 좌절됐지만 민족의 이념 지형 안에서 ``조선``은 새롭게 발견되었다. ``조선``은 과거의 경험을 응축하면서 미래에 대한 기대를 담아내는 역사적 기본 개념이 되어갔다. ``조선학``은 학술의 장에 국한된 지식인들 사이의 담론이었으나, ``조선``은 그 내·외부의 보다 다양한 사회 주체들의 발화를 포괄한 다. 더욱이 개념과 담론의 상호 연관을 고려한다면 ``조선학``은 ``조선``의 역사 적 의미론 속에서 독해되어야 마땅하다. 1920년대 문화운동의 흥기 속에서 안확은『조선문명사』를 통해 고대 신화의 시대로부터 당대까지를 ``조선``이 라는 기표 아래에 묶어낸다. 역사 실증주의의 미명 아래 자행된 일제의 역사 왜곡에 맞서 조선의 역사를 서양 민주주의 정체에 비견해도 뒤지지 않는 문명으로 이상화한다. 안확은 ``조선`` 연구를 문화 전반으로 확장하는 가 운데 조선의 미술과 문학을 넘어 조선철학의 탄생을 예고했다. 「조선철학 사상개관」은 ``조선철학``을 하나의 독립적 학문영역으로 사고한 최초의 기술로써, 조선의 학술과 사상의 특수성을 인류의 보편적 문명사의 관점에서 파악하려했던 작업의 일환이었다. 안확은 철학을 조선의 3대 발달 가운데 하 나로 제시하고, 조선 철학사의 특색을 서양과 비교하여 특정함으로써 조선 철학의 고유성과 독자성을 주장했다. ``종(倧)``을 조선철학의 시원이자 근세에까지 이르는 사상적 근저로 파악하면서 불교와 유교의 수용도 조선철학 의 발전으로 인식했다. 전통 지식체계의 근대적 전환과정에서 탄생한 ``조선 철학``은 전통 지를 근대적 학문 분류 체계에 적용하여 재해석하고 재구축 하는 지적 실험이었다. The full-scaled study of Joseon conducted by Japan in the 1910s was part of its colonial policy, while the native Joseon studies against it contained political aspiration to recover the national rights and independence. Accordingly, the conceptual meaning of ``Joseon`` varied according to its subject of speech. The establishment of modern nation-state failed along with the extinction of Korean Empire, but ``Joseon`` was newly discovered within national ideology. It became a historical concept in which the experience of the past and the expectation toward the future could be united. The so-called ``Joseon Studies`` was only limited to intellectuals in the academic circle, but ``Joseon`` embraced the articulations from more various social agents. Furthermore, it is only natural that ``Joseon Studies`` should be interpreted within the historical semantics of ``Joseon``, considering the connection between concept and discourse. In his The History of Joseon Civilization, An Hwak encompassed the history from the times of ancient mythology to the contemporary times under the banner of ``Joseon``. Opposing Japanese distortion of history carried out in the name of historical positivism, he idealized Joseon history as comparable to that of the Western democracy. He extended the study of ``Joseon`` into culture at large, foreshadowing a kind of Joseon philosophy. In his An Overview of Joseon Philosophical Ideas, the first description of ``Joseon philosophy`` as an independent field, he proposed philosophy as one of three sources of pride in Joseon and asserted its uniqueness and originality compared to the West. It was an attempt to grasp the peculiarity of Joseon ideas from a perspective of the history of universal human civilization. He considered ``Jong``(倧) as an ideological foundation held from the ancient to the modern times, and the acceptance of Buddhism and Confucianism as beneficial to ``Joseon philosophy``. The birth of ``Joseon philosophy``, the modern transformation of the traditional knowledge system, was an intellectual experiment to apply traditional knowledge to the modern disciplinary classification system.

      • KCI등재

        1인 가구의 주거선택요인이 원룸 선호도·만족도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 : 원룸 거주 대학생을 중심으로

        이영행(Lee, Yeong?Haeng), 최민섭(Choi, Min?Seub) 한국주거환경학회 2009 주거환경(한국주거환경학회논문집) Vol.7 No.2

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        As the number of one person householders are increasing, the population is decreasing because one person housing holders have been increased. Approximately 70% of one person housing holders are living in their houses. Most of them live in one-room. So in this study, we tried to recognize the importance of one person households, and established some choice factors of residence. Throughout the research, I made subordinate concepts and abstracted six factors, which are economical efficiency, expediency, cleanness, security, publicity and esthetics. I also investigated how the six factors affect to choosing one person households. Expediency, security, and esthetics affect to satisfaction but economical efficiency, cleanness and publicity are not affected. Preference of their one-room is affected to one-room satisfaction. Economical efficiency is rejected because most of people who live in one-room depend on their parents. So they do not consider the economical efficiency. Thus, through this study, when the government establish residence policy, expediency should be considered. Also the construction industries and the government should consider the choice factors of residence. The result shows that we need to change our thoughts that a single room is only for low-income people but also people who want to live in a convenient one-room.

      • KCI등재

        광주지역 다중이용시설에서 실내공기질 농도와 상관성 분석

        이대행(Dae Haeng Lee), 이세행(Se Haeng Lee), 배석진(Seok Jin Bae), 김난희(Nan Hee Kim), 박강수(Kang Soo Park), 김도술(Do Sool Kim), 백계진(Ke Jin Paik), 문용운(Yong Woon Moon) 大韓環境工學會 2010 대한환경공학회지 Vol.32 No.11

        광주지역 다중이용시설 54개소와 공중이용시설 15개소에 대한 입자상물질(미세먼지, 석면), 가스상물질(CO₂, CO, NO₂, HCHO, Rn, VOCs), 총부유세균의 농도에 대해서 조사하고 각 항목간의 상관성분석을 실시하였다. 미세먼지(PM10)는 실내주차장에서 평균 69.2 μg/m3로 가장 높았고, 이어서 보육시설, 대규모점포, 지하역사 순이었다. 일산화탄소는 실내주차장에서 평균 2.7 ppm으로 가장 높았고, 이산화탄소는 의료시설에서 604.1 ppm으로 가장 높았으며, 이산화질소는 실내주차장에서 0.036 ppm으로 가장 높았다. 포름알데하이드는 54개 전체시설에서 기하평균 3.6 μg/m3이었으며, 미술관은 631.8 μg/m3로 가장 높았다. 휘발성유기화합물질(VOCs)은 모든 시설에서 기하평균 24.14 μg/m3이었고, 이 중 톨루엔이 15.30 μg/m3로 가장 높았으며, 이어서 자일렌, 에틸벤젠, 벤젠, 스티렌 순으로 조사되었다. 총부유세균은 찜질방에서 평균 625.3 CFU/m3로 가장 높았고, 보육시설, 의료기관, 대규모점포 순이었다. 석면은 보육시설에서, 라돈은 미술관에서 높은 것으로 조사되었다. 보육시설에서 미세먼지와 총부유세균은 로그함수의 결정계수(R2) 0.5332로 양의 상관성을 보여주었고, 이산화탄소와 일산화탄소는 보육시설과 실내주차장에서 양의 상관성을 보여주었다. 휘발성물질간의 상관식은 모든시설에서 직선함수보다는 로그함수에 의해 잘 설명되었다. The purpose of this study is to investigate the concentration levels of particle materials (PM10, asbestos), gas materials (CO₂, CO, NO₂, HCHO, Rn, VOCs) and total suspended colony (TSC), and the correlations among these materials in indoor air quality of 54 multiple-use facilities and 15 public-use facilities of Gwangju. The highest mean concentration of PM10 was 69.2 μg/m3 at indoor parking place, followed by childcare facilities, large commercial building and subway station building. The highest mean concentration of CO was 2.7 ppm at indoor parking place and that of CO₂ was 604.1 ppm at medical service facilities. The highest mean concentration of NO₂ was 0.036 ppm at indoor parking place. The geomean concentration of HCHO was 3.6 μg/m3 in all facilities and the highest was 631.8 μg/m3 at art gallery. The geomean concentration of VOCs (5 species) was 24.14 μg/m3 in all facilities and toluene was the highest material of 15.3 μg/m3, followed by xylene, ethylbenzene, benzene and styrene. The highest mean concentration of TSC was 625.3 CFU/m3 at jjimjilbang, followed by childcare facilities, medical service facilities and large commercial building. The highest of asbestos was 0.0072 each/cc at childcare facilities and that of radon was 1.41 pCi/L at art gallery. PM10 showed positive correlations to TSC with R2 = 0.5332 by lognormal equation at childcare facilities. CO₂ showed positive correlations to CO at childcare facilities and indoor parking place. Lognormal equation fitted to the VOCs data more than normal equation in all facilities.

      • KCI등재

        세계대공황인가 국가독점자본주의의 위기인가?

        김수행(Soo-Haeng Kim), 김성구(Seong-Gu Kim) 경상대학교 사회과학연구원(마르크스주의 연구) 2011 마르크스주의 연구 Vol.8 No.4

        이글은 경상대학교 사회과학연구원이 주최한 학술대회(2011.9.1.)에서 《마르크스주의 연구》 제23호에 실린 김수행의 글과 김성구의 글에 대해 공저자가 상호논쟁한 내용을 정리한 것이다. 현대자본주의와 위기 분석에 관련된 이론적 문제에서 두 공저자의 입장과 관점은 날카롭게 대립되며, 지난 2007~2009년 위기와 공황의 분석에서도 평가와 전망이 엇갈린다. 김수행은 『자본론』에 입각하여 ‘세계대공황'으로서 이 위기와 공황을 파악하며, 김성구는 ‘신자유주의적 국가독점자본주의의 위기와 주기적 공황의 결합'으로서 이 위기를 규정한다. 이러한 차이와 대립은 마르크스의 정치경제학 비판의 방법과 『자본론』의 추상수준에 대한 상이한 이해방식에 뿌리를 둔, 근본적인 것이다. 따라서 마르크스의 정치경제학 비판의 방법을 어떻게 이해하는가, 정치경제학 비판의 6부 체계와 『자본론』은 어떤 관련에서 파악해야 하는가, 『자본론』의 방법과 추상수준의 문제, 자본주의 역사 변화와 현대자본주의 분석에서의 『자본론』의 의의, 자본주의 발전과 위기, 그리고 사회주의로의 이행 등 기본적이지만 어려운 문제들이 다시 토론되어야 한다. This essay is a collection of controversies raised in the discussion on their articles published in Marxism 21, No. 23 between Soo-Haeng Kim and Seong-Gu Kim which was held at the Institute for Social Sciences of Gyeongsang National University in South Korea on September 1, 2011. Two Kim's agreed to divide the controversies into four parts. The first part deals with the theoretical and practical importance of S. G. Kim's stages theory of capitalism such as monopoly capitalism and state-monopoly capitalism. The second part is concerned with the special feature of the present economic crisis, i.e. whether it is a normal periodical crisis or a world economic crisis in need of structural adjustments. The third part clarifies the theoretical position of Marx's tendency of the rate of profit to fall, and the distinction between periodical and structural crisis. The final part debates S. H. Kim's argument that Marx's phase of Krise should be divided into crisis and crash. The whole controversies cover the usefulness of Capital in the age of dominance of monopoly capital, the theoretical relations among the unfinished six books of Marx, the role of economic crisis in the transition to a new society and others.

      • KCI등재

        인자분석을 이용한 광주지역 초미세먼지(PM<sub>2.5</sub>)의 특성 연구

        이세행 ( Se-haeng Lee ), 이경석 ( Kyung-seog Lee ), 윤상훈 ( Sang-hoon Yoon ), 양윤철 ( Yoon-cheol Yang ), 박지영 ( Ji-young-park ), 배석진 ( Seok-jin Bae ), 이대행 ( Dae-haeng Lee ) 한국환경과학회 2019 한국환경과학회지 Vol.28 No.4

        The objective of this study was to estimate the trends of air quality in the study area by analyzing monthly and seasonal concentration trends obtained from sampled data. To this aim, the mass concentrations of PM<sub>2.5</sub> in the air were analyzed, as well as those of metals, ions, and total carbon within the PM<sub>2.5</sub>. The mean concentration of PM<sub>2.5</sub> was 22.7 ㎍/㎥. The mass composition of PM<sub>2.5</sub> was as follows: 31.1% of ionic species, 2.2% of metallic species, and 26.7% of carbonic species (EC and OC). Ionic species, especially sulfate, ammonium, and nitrate, were the most abundant in the PM<sub>2.5</sub> and exhibited a high correlation coefficient with the mass concentration of PM<sub>2.5</sub>. Seasonal variations of PM<sub>2.5</sub> showed a similar pattern to those of ionic and metallic species, with high concentrations during winter and spring. PM2.5 also had a high correlation with the ionic species NO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup> and NH<sub>4</sub><sup>+</sup>. In addition, NH<sup>4</sup><sup>+</sup> was highly correlated with NO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup>. Through factor analysis, we identified four controlling factors, and determined the pollution sources using the United States Environmental Protection Agency(U.S. EPA) pollution profile. The first factor, accounting for 19.1% of PM<sub>2.5</sub> was attributed to motor vehicles and heating-related sources: the second factor indicated industry-related sources and secondary particles, and the other factors indicated soil, industry-related and marine sources. However, the pollution profile used in this study may be somewhat different from the actual situation in Korea, since it was obtained from US EPA. Therefore, to more accurately estimate the pollutants present in the air, a pollution profile for Korea should be produced.

      • KCI등재

        광주지역 기온변화 예측과 CO₂, CO, 상대습도와의 상관성분석

        이대행(Dae Haeng Lee), 정원삼(Won Sam Jeong), 이세행(Se Haeng Lee), 박강수(Kang Soo Park), 김난희(Nan Hee Kim), 김도술(Do Sool Kim), 백계진(Ke Jin Paik), 박종태(Jong Tae Park) 大韓環境工學會 2009 대한환경공학회지 Vol.31 No.11

        광주지역 기상자료를 이용하여 기온변화를 예측하고, 광주지역의 이산화탄소, 일산화탄소, 상대습도의 상관성연구를 실시하였다. 2008년까지 48년간 광주지역 전체 평균기온은 13.5℃이며, 2108년까지 100년간 2.7℃정도 증가할 것으로 예측되었다. 안면도지역에서 이산화탄소 연평균 농도는 1999년과 2008년에 각각 370.7 ppm과 391.4 ppm으로서 기온의 증가에 영향을 주었다. 1997년부터 2008년까지 광주의 평균기온은 14.2℃로 나주, 담양, 화순, 장성지역 보다 훨씬 높았다. 2108년경 광주의 봄 시작일은 1월 중순 이전, 여름의 시작일은 5월 중순, 가을의 시작일은 10월 중순, 겨울의 시작일은 12월 말경으로 전망되었다. 48년간 평균상대습도는 71.3%로 7월이 가장 높았으며, 해가 지날수록 감소하여 연도와는 반대현상을 보여주었다. CO₂와 CO는 양의 상관도(0.87)를 보여주었고, 조사기간 중 CO₂ 평균 농도는 457 ppm으로 우리나라 배경농도인 안면도의 397.3 ppm(2008)에서 보다 65.6 ppm이나 높았다. CO₂는 CO(0.87)와 상대습도 (0.48) 모두에 대하여 양의 상관성을 보여주었다. The ambient temperature and concentration of carbon dioxide in Gwangju and the reducing method of temperature, air pollutants were investigated using the atmospheric data in Gwangju. Average ambient temperature (Ta_ave) was 13.5℃ during 1961 to 2008. The temperature was predicted as increasing of about 2.7℃ in 2108 after 100 years using the trend line of regression equation. Carbon dioxide was 370.7 and 391.4 ppm at Anmyundo, in 1999 and 2008, respectively, showing proportionally increased as ambient temperature. The temperature at Gwangju, 14.2℃ during 1997 to 2008, was a little higher than at neighboring counties as Naju, Damyang, Hwasoon, and Jangsung. In Gwangju, Spring will start in mid-January of 2108, Summer in mid-May, Autumn in mid-October, and Winter in last-December. The average relative humidity in the air (RHa_ave) was gradually decreased as the temperature inversely increased. The average CO₂ was 457 ppm, which is 65.6 ppm higher than that in Anmyundo, korean background area of CO₂ in 2008. Carbon dioxide showed positive correlation, both of them, with carbon monoxide (0.87) and relative humidity (0.48).

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        논문 : 통계분석을 이용한 광주지역 휘발성유기화합물의 특성 연구

        이세행 ( Se-haeng Lee ), 이대행 ( Dae-haeng Lee ), 박강수 ( Kang-soo Park ), 송형명 ( Hyeong-myeong Song ), 양윤철 ( Yoon-cheol Yang ), 이기원 ( Ki-won Lee ), 조영관 ( Young-gwan Cho ), 서광엽 ( Gwang-yeob Seo ) 한국환경분석학회 2016 환경분석과 독성보건 Vol.19 No.1

        This study was conducted to investigate the concentration distribution of VOCs (volatile organic compounds) and the contribution of nitric oxides and VOCs to ozone creation in Gwangju. Fifty-two types of VOCs were continually measured by the hour at sampling sites in Seoseok-dong and Geonguk-dong from May to September 2015. Paraffins took up 52.1% of the entire VOCs, followed by aromatics and olefins. The monthly concentration of VOCs was highest in June and lowest in August. As for the hourly concentrations of ozone and nitric oxides, ozone concentrations started to increase from 7 am and got to the highest point during the daytime, whereas nitric oxides showed the opposite trend from ozone by reaching the lowest level during the daytime. The photochemical ozone creation potentials (POCPs) of toluene, isopentane, m,p-xylene, isobutane and 1-butene were 16.0%, 14.2%, 12.7%, 8.3% and 7.5% respectively. These five components together accounted for 58.7% of the total POCPs, which means they are the main contributor to ozone creation. The correlation analysis showed that PM-10 and PM-2.5 (r=0.810, p<0.01), O3 and radiation (r=0.448, p<0.01), and O3 and humidity (r=-0.563, p<0.01) were significant. The results of factor analysis showed that the VOCs were mainly affected by the emission of vehicles and the evaporation of diesel fuel.

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        The Relationship between Exercise, Bone Mineral Density and Antioxidant Enzyme Activity of Postmenopausal Women

        Haeng-Shin,Lee,Da-Hong,Lee,Mi-Hyun,Kim 한국식품영양과학회 2006 Preventive Nutrition and Food Science Vol.11 No.4

        This study was carried out to elucidate the relationship among exercise, bone mineral density and antioxidant enzyme activity of postmenopausal women. 60 women residing in the Iksan, Korea area were recruited. The questionnaires were designed to find out exercise habits. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Parameters of antioxidative capacity, including the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), catalase (CAT) and total antioxidant capacity (TA) were analyzed in fasting blood. The mean age, height, weight, and BMI of subjects were 65.0 years, 151.1 ㎝, 59.5 ㎏ 26.0 m/㎏², respectively. The mean BMDs of subjects were 0.85 g/㎠ (lumbar spine), 0.6 g/㎠ (Femoral neck), 0.49 g/㎠ (trochanter), and 0.40 g/㎠ (Ward's triangle). There was a significant difference in BMD among different age groups (50's, 60's and 70's) showing lower value with increasing age (p<0.05). The mean SOD, GPx, and CAT activities were 138.5 U/mL, 1,273.8 U/mL and 314.3 kU/L respectively, and TA was 1.16 m㏖/L. TA of the group which exercised 3~4 times a week was significantly higher than those of the other exercise groups (p<0.05). The subjects with higher SOD activity also have a higher the T values in the lumbar spine, femoral neck, trochanter, and Ward's triangle. In conclusion, this study revealed that the levels of antioxidant enzyme activity were closely associated with the exercise status and bone mineral density in postmenopausal women.

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