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      • KCI등재후보

        The Korean Speech Act of Refusals:Sociopragmatic Analysis

        Andrew,Sangpil,Byon 한국사회언어학회 2003 사회언어학 Vol.11 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Byon, Andrew Sangpil. 2003. The Korean Speech Act of Refusals: Sociopragmatic Analysis. 사회언어학, 11(1). 외국어 습득에서의 화용론의 역할에 관한 관심이 높아지면서 중간 언어 화용론(jnterlanguage pragmatics)에 관한 연구가 최근 들어 많이 이루어지고 있다. 그러나 영어를 모국어로 하는 KFL 학습자를 대상으로 한 중간 언어 화용론 연구는 매우 미흡한 실정이다. 이에 본고에서는 보다 활발한 한국어 중간 언어 화용론 연구를 위해 먼저 기존의 중간 언어적 화용론 자료 수집 방법론(data-gathering methodology)에 대해 논의하고 한국어를 이용한 written discourse completion task(DCT)를 Brown and Levinson(1987)의 두개의 사회적 변수인 power와 distance에 근거해서 개발하였다. 그 DCT를 이요해서 30명의 한국 대학생과 30명의 영어를 모국어로 하는 한국어 학습자의 한국어 거부 발화 행위를 비교 조사 분석 해 보았다. 그리고 모국어 전의 영향(L1 transfer effect)을 분석하기 위해 30명의 미국 대학생의 영어 거부 발화 행위를 조사하여 한국어 학습자의 결과와도 비교했다. 분석 결과로는, 먼저 12 종류의 거부의 주된 행위 전략(refusal head acts)과, 5종류의 거부 지지 행위 전략(refusal supportive move)을 사용하고 있음을 알아냈으며, 학습자의 한국어 거부 발호 행위에서 나타난 모국어 전이의 영향에 대해 논의했다. 그리고, 사회적 변수가 발호 행위에 미치는 영향을 Sohn(1986)의 수직론(hierarchicalism)과 간접론(indirectness)에 근거해서 한국 대학생과 학습자의 발화 행위를 설명했다. 본고의 결론에서는 이런 연구 결과들을 실제로 한국어 중간 언어 화용론 연구와 외국어로의 한국어 교육에 어떤 식으로 반영시켜야 할 지를 논의했다.

      • Slide Session : OS-END-47 ; Endocrinology : Denosumab-Associated Hypocalcaemia: Incidence, Se-verity and Patient Characteristics in a Tertiary Hospital Setting

        ( Andrew Huynh ), ( Scott Baker ), ( Andrew Stewardson ), ( Douglas Johnson ) 대한내과학회 2014 대한내과학회 추계학술대회 Vol.2014 No.1

        Background: Denosumab, a humanised monoclonal antibody against receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa beta ligand (RANKL), reduces bone turnover via inhibition of osteoclasts and osteoclastogenesis and is used in the management of osteoporosis and metastatic bone disease. While hypocalcaemia complicating denosumab treatment has been reported, the real world incidence, clinical and biochemical risk factors are not fully elucidated. This study aims to investigate the incidence of denosumab-associated hypocalcaemia (DAH) and identify relevant clinical and investigation features. Methods: We performed a retrospective observational audit of patients administered denosumab (60mg/120mg) over a 12 month period at a tertiary hospital in Australia. Data collected: denosumab dosage and indication, 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration, parathyroid hormone, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), nadir and duration of hypocalcaemia (albumin adjusted serum calcium concentration <2.15 mmol/L or ionised calcium <1.13 mmol/L upto 6 months post denosumab administration), calcium and colecalciferol pre- and post-administration of denosumab. The primary outcome was the incidence proportion of DAH. Results: Of 161 patients administered denosumab (106 osteoporosis, 55 bone metastases), 20 patients (12.4%, mean age 78.5 years, 11 male, 11 osteoporosis, 9 bone metastases) developed hypocalcaemia. Median calcium nadir was 2.06 mmol/L (interquartile range (IQR) 1.81-2.11), with the median time to diagnosis 24.50 days (IQR 9.25-41.25). One patient required intravenous calcium gluconate treatment. 75% of affected patients had a 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration >50nmol/L and 90% of affected patients were on calcium or colecalciferol supplementation. DAH was associated with sex (27% males versus 8% females, p=0.004), but not age (8% under 60 years versus 13% aged 60 or more, p=0.74) or indication (16% with bone metastases versus 10% with osteoporosis, p=0.32). Conclusions: Denosumab-associated hypocalcaemia occurred in over 12% of patients in this population, despite wide use of appropriate calcium and colecalciferol supplementation.

      • KCI등재

        Short-Term Study on the Effects of Rosemary on Cognitive Function in an Elderly Population

        Andrew,Pengelly,James,Snow,Simon,Y.,Mills,Andrew,Scholey,Keith,Wesnes,Leah,Reeves,Butler 한국식품영양과학회 2012 Journal of medicinal food Vol.15 No.1

        Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) has traditional reputations that justify investigation for a potential role in reducing widespread cognitive decline in the elderly. A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded, repeated-measures crossover study was conducted to investigate possible acute effects of dried rosemary leaf powder on cognitive performance. Twenty-eight older adults (mean age, 75 years) were tested using the Cognitive Drug Research computerized assessment system 1, 2.5, 4, and 6hours following a placebo and four different doses of rosemary. Doses were counterbalanced, and there was a 7-day washout between visits. There was a biphasic dose-dependent effect in measures of speed of memory: the lowest dose (750mg) of rosemary had a statistically significant beneficial effect compared with placebo (P= .01), whereas the highest dose (6,000mg) had a significant impairing effect (P< .01). There were significant deleterious effects on other measures of cognitive performance, although these were less consistent. Speed of memory is a potentially useful predictor of cognitive function during aging. The positive effect of the dose nearest normal culinary consumption points to the value of further work on effects of low doses over the longer term.

      • The Reform of English Insurance Law -Attracting Business in the 21st Century

        ( Andrew Mcgee ) 고려대학교 법학연구원 2015 The Asian Business Lawyer Vol.16 No.-

        English Maurice law continues to be important throughout the world and especially in Korea because it is commonly the chosen law for insurance policies which have nothing to do with England. That law has undergone significant reforms in recent years with the Consumer Insurance (Disclosure and Representations) Act 2012 and the Insurance Act 2015 (due to come into force August 2016). These Acts make significant changes to the law on non-disclosure, misrepresentation and breach of warranty. This article considers those changes from both legal and economic perspectives.

      • Anti-Social Media: Communicating Risk through Open Data, Crime Maps and Locative Media

        Andrew,Garbett,Jamie,K.,Wardman,Ben,Kirman,Conor,Linehan,Shaun,Lawson 한국HCI학회 2014 한국HCI학회 학술대회 Vol.2014 No.12

        We present a critical evaluation of a locative media application, Fearsquare, which provocatively invites users to engage with personally contextualized risk information drawn from the UK open data crime maps cross-referenced with geo-located user check-ins on Foursquare. Our analysis of user data and a corpus of #Fearsquare discourse on Twitter revealed three cogent appraisals (‘Affect', ‘Technical' and ‘Critical') reflecting the salient associations and aesthetics that were made between different components of the application and interwoven issues of technology, risk, danger, emotion by users. We discuss how the varying strength and cogency of these public responses to Fearsquare call for a broader imagining and analysis of how risk and danger are interpreted; and conclude how our findings reveal important challenges for researchers and designers wishing to engage in projects that involve the computer-mediated communication of risk.

      • KCI등재

        Fight or flight?: Understanding customer response to CRM tactics

        Andrew,Baker,Naveen,Donthu 한국마케팅과학회 2021 마케팅과학연구 Vol.31 No.3

        A successful CRM strategy sometime requires the firm to unilaterally restructure parts of the exchange relationship with existing customers. This reallocation of marketing resources benefits many customers, although less profitable customer segments are likely to be adversely impacted by such policies. In this study we shed light on the marketing relationship factors that shape how consumers respond to CRM activities involving negative policy changes. The theoretical model tested showed that the level of switching costs and situational self-efficacy modify the behavioral response (acceptance, resistance, and defection) consumers have to negative policy changes.

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