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In recent years, many scholars have recognized that despite institutional reforms, South Korea is falling into what Colin Crouch coins as post-democracy. They have observed that faltering on the verge of democratic consolidation, South Korea is experiencing a paradoxical process: while it is moving fast toward constitutional democracy in which election can make government more accountable and responsible for its conduct, its citizens gradually become a passive and incoherent mass responding intermittently only to the dramatic issue set by politicians and militant political activists. Yet too often how and why the post-democratic trivialization of participatory democracy and the dramatic development of citizen movement do intersect in South Korea remains unexplained. Being concerned with these observations, this interview with Amy Gutmann aims to explore a regulative principle which can guides thinking in the ongoing process in which citizens as well as experts consider what justice requires in the case of particular conflicts in specific contexts, with special but not exclusive attention to civic education. Specifically, addressing the principles and structure of Amy Gutmann's liberal theory of justice in light of liberal egalitarianism, deliberative democracy, democratic education, and identity politics, this interview seeks to investigate her theories of democratic education in four aspects: the plausible reconciliation of liberal egalitarianism with redistribution and participation, the realization of democratic education through deliberative democracy, the need for civic education with respect to multicultural coexistence, and the applicability of democratic education especially in South Korea which is experiencing both political indifference and ideological antagonism.
This study seeks to determine if for-profit healthcare organizations are more technically efficient than nonprofit organizations. We attempted to answer two questions: Does the technical efficiency of hospitals and nursing homes vary depending on ownership type? If so, how does time moderate the relationship between ownership and technical efficiency? Our findings do not show that for-profit healthcare providers are universally more technically efficient than nonprofit healthcare facilities. However, for-profit nursing homes are more technically efficient than nonprofit facilities, while there was no difference between nonprofits and forprofits in hospitals. An examination of healthcare facilities reveals that nonprofit institutions have only recently become efficient, while for-profit organizations were more efficient in the past. In conclusion, institutional changes in the healthcare delivery system of the US developed differently, depending on organization's ownership and facility types. Theoretical and practical considerations were recommended as a policy tool in healthcare practices in terms of market and population for technical efficiency.
Juzo Itami's 1985 film Tampopo, the story of a cowboy who rescues a female noodle chef, relies on the exchange of iconic images of masculinity within a cinematic economy which refers to itself rather than to any national culture, but which still results in a film that describes a particular experience of urban Japan in the 1980s. Tampopo's frame story, that of a yakuza who loves food, sex, and cinema, announces the film's self-conscious, self-reflexive nature from its opening, and highlights the cinematic economy at work, one in which questions of gender performance are paramount. As this is a social satire centered around food, food preparation becomes a vehicle for the public performance of other standards of behavior, consumption, and exhibition. Recent studies on Japanese masculinity are discussed to investigate the central role of the cowboy in Tampopo, a character and hero who is pure cinema-neither from Japan or the city, but, who, as expected, saves the day.
Objectives: This systematic review examined the association of animal-assisted interventions (AAI) with quality of life (QoL) for pediatric oncology patients, for potential use in occupational therapy practice. Methods: Articles published in peer-reviewed journals between 2002-2019 from PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, American Journal of Occupational Therapy (AJOT), Journal of Oncology, SCOPUS, and OTSeeker were selected for AAI with therapy dogs specific to the target population of pediatric oncology patients undergoing treatment in clinical settings. Results: Moderate evidence was found for AAI and mood improvement, pain reduction, and stress relief; and low-level evidence supported AAI for decreasing anxiety. The most significant AAI improvements were seen in perceptions of pain, stress levels, and mood. Discussion: Evidence suggests that occupational therapists may want to consider incorporating AAI into therapy sessions as it serves as a distraction and short-term coping strategy for children undergoing oncological treatment.
Background: Professional dance is a physically demanding career path with a high injury prevalence, yet an ingrained culture of hiding or pushing through injuries. Developing better knowledge surrounding the cultural beliefs and behaviors related to injury reporting is critical to understand their incidence and burden. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate injury fear and injury reporting behaviors in professional dancers in Australia. Methods: This study utilized data collected in a cross-sectional survey of professional dancers in Australia. Descriptive analysis of injury fear and reporting stigma are presented with comparisons between subgroups (full-time versus part-time dancers; men versus women) conducted using two-sided Fisher's exact tests. Results: A total of 146 professional dancers were included. Over half (63%) of the respondents reported that they fear sustaining a dance-related injury, that they believe there is still a stigma surrounding injuries in dance (62%), and that this stigma has led to a delay in reporting or seeking care for an injury (51%). A lower proportion of part-time than full-time dancers reported that they would usually tell someone within their dance employment about an injury (35.1% vs. 59.6%, p = 0.006). Conclusion: Professional dancers are at risk of losing contracts or roles if they are injured, and therefore, it is common to dance through their occurrence. Many dancers, particularly those dancing part-time, are unwilling to tell their employers about their injuries. Action is required to improve this culture regarding injury reporting and help seeking for more effective injury understanding, prevention, and management in dance.