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This study investigated effects of regular exercise and F1, 6DP supplement on endurance exercise capacity and antioxidant capacity in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to one eight groups(n=8): sedentary control group, exercied control group, F1, 6DP supplemented group and exercised F1, 6DP supplement group. F1, 6DP supplemented group, and exercsied F1, 6DP supplement group. Rats were fed experimental diets supplemented with F1, 6DP at the level of 10 ㎎/㎏/day for 4 weeks. Rats of exercised control group, F16-DP supplemented group and exercised F1, 6DP supplement exercised groups performed swimming exercise training at 60 min/day for 4 weeks. Exhaustive swimming time(endurance exercise capacity) was significantly increased in exercised control group, F1, 6DP supplemented group, and exercised F1, 6DP supplement group compared to the value for sedentary control group. Total antioxidant capacity was significantly higher in exercised control group, F1, 6DP supplemented group, and exercised F1, 6DP supplement group than sedentary control group. Free radical release was significantly lower in exercised control group FI, 6DP supplemented group, and exercised F1, 6DP supplement group than sedentary control group, These results indicate that F1, 6DP appear to be effective in enhancing enduranced exercised performance and antioxidant capacity of trained rats.
Hemoglobin is oxygen carrier protein within erythrocyte in blood. Apoprotein of this, globin, is synthesized in the cytosol but it's cofactor, heme, is synthesized in the mitochondria. It has not been known very well how globin receives the heme from mitochondria and folds to hemoglobin. In this folding process, the initial structure of globin seems to be very important. A small volume of globin at acid pH was added rapidly into the bulk of an egg phosphatidylcholine $60\%$ liposome, containing hemins, at neutral pH according to the Rapid Dilution method. It was observed that an acid-induced unfolding structure of globin is initially needed to receive hemins from the lipid bilayer of liposomes. Also, this conclusion was confirmed with the absorption spectrum of the refolded globin separated by centrifugation.
The purpose of this study was to analyze the interdisciplinary project in architectural education done by primary architectural schools in France in the 1970s. In particular we focus on two parisian schools of architecture (UPA8 and UPA3), as they developed a general pedogogical orientation which can be called “critical design” and be situated between conservative educational tradition of Beaux-Arts and extremely radical orientation of other schools. After primary analysis of pedagogical orientations, we focus on the introduction of sociology and other disciplines in architectural education and their integration in architectural design studio. Although, because of the fundamental difference between architectural design and social sciences, interdisciplinary project in architectural schools had significant difficulties, it helped discard an anti-intellectual definition of architecture long defended by the former education system represented by the Ecole des beaux-arts. We hope this research will provide a reference for a development of interdisciplinary education in architecture in Korea which is in intense phase of reorganisation since the early 2000s.
Over the last few years, a numerical approach has been attractive as a compatible method on a study of pulverized coal furnace where turbulent flows and combustion reactions occuurs the same time. In this study, the major purpose is to describe combustion reactions in a pulverized coal furnace. Where real operating data in a power plant were incorporated. We implemented a number of model equations to describe. the combustion reactions. Also, a characteristics of NOx emissions was analyzed which is a important parameter to be controled during coal combustion. This resultt shows characteristics of combustion in a furnace and the effect of SOFA, which is the one of potential reduction methods of NOx.