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        • KCI등재

          영화 <무정>의 전후 근대화 전략 비판-이강천 <무정>(1962)의 재현을 중심으로-

          이병국 ( Lee Byung-kook ) 인하대학교 한국학연구소 2017 한국학연구 Vol.0 No.46

          이 논문은 이광수의 『무정』을 각색한 1962년 이강천 감독의 영화 <무정>을 대상으로 하여 국가 근대화 담론이 영화 재현 과정에서 어떻게 실패하게 되는가를 고찰하여 그 의미를 밝히려는 것이다. 영화 <무정>은 그동안 필름이 유실되었으나 2017년, 문화체육관광부 산하 한국영상자료원이 대만영상자료원(TFI)으로부터 수집, 발굴하여 그 전모를 확인할 수 있게 되었다. 본고가 1962년 <무정>에 주목하는 이유는 영화 <무정>이 원작과는 상이하게 민족주의적 입장에서 조국의 근대화를 이룩해야 한다고 주창하는 박진사의 몰락과 영채의 수난 서사를 바탕으로 전개되기 때문이다. 이는 단순히 소재 선택의 문제가 아닌, 당대의 사회·문화적 맥락 속에서 그 의미를 찾을 수 있을 것이다. 1960년대는 전후 한국 사회가 지닌 여러 문제들을 해결하지 못한 채 지속되었으며, 4·19로 인한 민주혁명의 가능성은 5·16군사 쿠데타로 말미암아 좌절을 경험해야만 했다. 쿠데타로 정권을 잡은 군사 정권은 ‘인간개조'를 통해 민족적으로 각성된 ‘근대화된' 개인을 만들고 이러한 개인들의 협력과 단결을 통해 ‘사회개조'를 이루어 새롭고 바람직한 국가를 재건하겠다는 정치적 야심을 드러냈다. 이에 따라 이 시기 제작된 영화들, 특히 문예영화는 국가를 유기체적으로 구성하고 있는 단위로서의 국민을 만들겠다는 국가주의적 흐름에 따라야만 했다. 영화 <무정> 역시 시대적 요구를 충실히 수행한 영화라고 할 수 있다. 자주적 근대화를 이끌어갈 국민을 재건하기 위한 국가의 지배 담론이 각색 과정에 투사된 양상을 영화 <무정>에서 읽어낼 수 있는 것이다. 그러나 근대적 국민으로서의 주체성 확립을 위한 국가 담론이 영화로 재현되는 과정에 부침을 겪으면서 구심점을 확보하지 못한 채, 이를 배반하게 되며 실패한 근대 서사로 소비되고 만다. This paper aims to reveal the meaning of how the discourse of national modernization fails in the process of film reproduction of Lee Gangcheon(李康天)'s < Mujeong > which has adapted Lee Gwangsu(李光洙)'s 『Mujeong(無情)』 for the screen in 1962. The film of < Mujeong > has been lost for a while, but the Korean Film Archive, which is under the Ministry of Culture, Sports, and Tourism, has been collected and excavated from the Taiwan Film Institute (TFI) and so the whole picture has been confirmed. The reason why this paper focuses on < Mujeong > in 1962 is because the movie is based on the suffering narration of YoungChae and the downfall of Park Jin-sa who advocates to achieve the modernization of his homeland in the nationalist standpoint with a different manner of the original. This can be understood not only in the matter of material selection but also in the contemporary social and cultural context. The 1960s continued without solving the problems of post-war Korean society, and the possibility of democratic revolution caused by 4·19 had to experience the frustration due to the military coup of 5·16. The military regime that took control of the coup revealed a political ambition to create a ‘modernized' individual who became nationally awakened through the ‘human remodeling' and to reconstruct a new and desirable nation through the ‘social transformation' which is achieved by the cooperation and unity of those individuals. Accordingly, the films produced in this period, especially the literary films, had to follow the nationalistic trend of making the subject as a unit which is forming the nation organically. The film < Mujeong > is also a film that devotedly fulfilled the demands of the times. It can be read from the film < Mujeong > that the state's dominant discourse to rebuild the people who lead the autonomous modernization is projected in the process of adaptation. However, the national discourse for establishing the subjectivity as a modern citizen has been disturbed in the process of film reproduction. Because of that, it is betrayed in the film without having the centre point and consumed as the failed modern narrative.

        • KCI등재후보

          보문 : 치악산 발생 버섯의 종 다양성 비교 분석

          이병국 ( Byung Kook Lee ), 엄기철 ( Ki Cheol Eom ), 석순자 ( Soon Ja Seok ) 한국균학회 2013 韓國菌學會誌 Vol.41 No.2

          치악산 지역의 7개 세부조사구에서 2002~2003년도에 수집·분류 동정된 버섯은 총 53속, 84종, 143개체이었다. 지역 간 중복 발생된 버섯은 총 43종이었으며 이중 2개 및 3개 구역에서 중복 발생된 버섯은 2002년 12개 및 3개종, 2003년 7개 및 4개종이었다. 상대 종 밀도지수(RSD)는 7개 구간에서 0.179~0.226 범위 이었으며 종 다양성 지표 중 유사도 (Similarity index: C)는 지역(7개 조사구)간 11.3%~15.9% 범위이었고 평균 13.1% 이었다. 조사지역 전체의 버섯발생은 같은 시기에 인근 지역에 중복 발생할 가능성이 있는 지역 간 유사도보다 다음연도에 동일 지역에서 다시 발생할 가능성인 년차간 유사도가 8.2% 더 높았다. 전체 조사기간의 버섯 종 다양성과 관련된 6가지 지표 중 지역 간 변이계수(CV)는 개체수 (10.5%)>우점도 (9.2%)>다양도 (8.9%)>종수 (8.5%)>풍부도 (7.4%)>균등도(2.2%) 순 이었다. 버섯 종 다양성 지표 중 풍부도 지수(Richness index: R1)는 지역 간 4.85~6.01 범위의 평균 5.36 및 지역전체 16.72, 다양도 지수(Variety index: V1)는 지역 간 14.44~18.66 범위의 평균 16.24 및 지역 전체 68.82, 균등도 지수 (Evenness index: E2)는 지역 간 0.926~0.982범위의 평균 0.95 및 지역전체 0.819, 우점도 지수(Dominance index: D1)는 지역 간 0.055~0.073 범위의 평균 0.071 및 지역전체 0.018 이었다. 개체수는 종 다양성 지수들과 유의성 있는 상관관계를 보여주지 않았으나, 종수는 풍부도, 다양도 및 우점도 지수와 유의성 있는 상관관계가 있었다. 종 다양성 지수 간 상호 유의성 있는 상관관계를 보여주는 지수들은 풍부도와 다양도 및 우점도이었다. The mushrooms collected at seven areas of Mt. Chiak in 2002 and 2003 were classified to analyse the distribution and species diversity. Frequency (number of mushroom: N), number of species (S), relative species density (RSD), similarity index (C), richness index (R1), variety index (V1), evenness index (E2), and dominance index (D1) were investigated. Total N and S was 143 and 84, respectively. The RSD was 0.179 ~ 0.226 of the 7 areas. The yearly C of the total area (0.213) was 8.2%. more higher than the average C of 7 areas (0.131). The order in the coefficient of variation (CV) of the indicator for 7 areas was N (10.5%) > D1 (9.2%) > V1 (8.9%) > S (8.5%) > R1 (7.4%) > E2 (2.2%). The average R1 of the 7 areas was 5.36 with the range from 4.85 to 6.01, and 16.72 for the total area. The average V1 of the 7 areas was 16.24 with the range from 14.44 to 18.66, and 68.82 for the total area. The average E2 of the 7 areas was 0.95 with the range from 0.926 to 0.982, and 0.819 for the total area. The average D1 of the 7 areas was 0.071 with the range from 0.055 to 0.073, and 0.081 for the total area. The correlation between N and 5 kinds of diversity indicator (S, R1, V1, E2, D) was not statistically significant, but the correlation between R1, E2 and D1 was statistically significant each other.

        • KCI등재

          원저 : 이차게재 ; 우리나라에서 병원전 심정지 후 저체온치료의 결과와 현황-한국저체온치료연구회 환자등록체계를 이용하여-

          이병국 ( Byung Kook Lee ), 박규남 ( Kyu Nam Park ), 강구현 ( Gu Hyun Kang ), 김경환 ( Kyung Hwan Kim ), 김기운 ( Gi Woon Kim ), 김원영 ( Won Young Kim ), 민진홍 ( Jin Hong Min ), 박유석 ( Yoo Seok Park ), 박정배 ( Jung Bae Park ), 서길준 () 대한응급의학회 2014 大韓應急醫學會誌 Vol.25 No.6

          Purpose: Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) has become astandard strategy for reducing brain damage in the postresuscitationperiod. The aim of this study is to investigatethe outcomes and current performance of TH with out-ofhospitalcardiac arrest (OHCA) survivors through theKorean hypothermia network (KORHN) registry. Methods: We used the KORHN registry, a web-based, multicenterregistry that includes 24 participating hospitalsthroughout the Republic of Korea. Adult comatose OHCAsurvivors treated with TH from 2007 to 2012 were included. The primary outcomes were neurologic outcome at hospitaldischarge and in-hospital mortality. The secondary outcomeswere TH performance and adverse events during TH. Results: A total of 930 patients were included; of these, 556(59.8%) patients survived to discharge and 249 (26.8%) weredischarged with good neurologic outcomes. The median timefrom return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) to the start of THwas 101 (interquartile range (IQR): 46-200) minutes. The induction,maintenance, and rewarming durations were 150 (IQR:80-267) minutes, 1440 (IQR: 1290-1440) minutes, and 708(IQR: 420-900) minutes, respectively. The time from the ROSCto coronary angiography was 1,045 (IQR: 121-12,051) hours. Hyperglycemia (46.3%) was the most frequent adverse event. Conclusion: Over one quarter of OHCA survivors (26.8%)were discharged with good neurologic outcome. TH performancewas managed appropriately in terms of the factorsrelated to the timing of TH, which were the start time forcooling and the rewarming duration.

        • 우리나라의 공기업의 의전행사 개선방안에 관한 연구

          이병국(Lee, Byung-Kook) 국제관광산업학회 2016 국제관광산업연구 Vol.9 No.2

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          The objective of this research is to propose improvement plan for the public enterprise's protocol which is currently performed. Teoretical backgrounds on nation and public enterprises's protocols are considered through references research in order to achieve the objective of this research. We used basic theoretical textbooks, thesises, and protocol references published the government and public enterprise and internet sources. Additionally, to supplement the limitation of reference study and secure the basic data regarding public enterprise's protocol, we visited 4 pubic enterprises and 1 public hospital from May 10th 2013 to May 11th 2013 which located in capital area and interviewed with personnels in charge. Thyrough this research, we found out the actual condition of independent department regarding protocol, number of personnel in charge and work division. And, in order to seek measures for improvement in public enterprise's protocol, we used book contents, previous research paper and related new releases. Followings are the deduced result from our research procedure. First, we need to establish exclusive department which handles guarding and secretary task. Most public enterprises don't have independent ocial organization for protocol and protocol works are done with other comprehensive tasks. Therefore, public enterprises must reinforce the protocol executing ability by establishing exclusive department in charge of guarding and secretary responsibility. Second, we need to train protocol specialists. Smooth communication is necessary in order to ensure safe and comfortable service for invited guests. Also, protocol specialists must understand and respect the dierences in protocol procedure because of customs, weather, religious and political reasons. Therefore, for proceed high toned protocol, we need to train protocol specialist uent in more than two languages and protocol customs. Third, the participation of civil specialists and openness of the protocol is necessary. Currently, Access to the information or data regarding public enterprise's protocol are not easy, also civilians' participation is limited. It is due to closed enterprise culture conventionally replicated. Therefore, the public enterprise need to open data regarding protocol and induce the participation of civil companies with expertise to achieve accumulation of know-how and qualitative development. Also, public enterprise protocol must be opend to public in order them to have a new understanding of public enterprise protocol like a festival. Fourth, recruitment of special manpower and procurement of equipment are necessary. Unexpected situation always happens during protocol. Therefore, it is essential to secure various equipment and personnel for safe ceremony. Personnel who majored in protocol, guarding and secretary must be recruited for this. Also, various security equipment is necessary because most search and screening at the site are done by naked eyes of people. Fifth, we need to develop personnel system and status of protocol regarding department. Lack of personnel and frequent personnel transfer are pointed out as the obstacles which hinder the qualitative advancement of public enterprises' protocol capability. Therefore, large scale recruitment of personnel in charge of protocol is necessary and also continuous working period must be ensured regardless of personnel regulation. Also, the chief of protocol relate department must have power to make decisions on major tasks and this leads to the elevation in the status of department which performs protocol, secretary and guarding. Sixth, Education training needs to be reinforced. Personnel in charge of protocol must be provided with education on special abilities as guarding, foreign language and international etiquette. For the education training, various companies must develop education program which reects the distinctiveness of public enterpri

        • KCI등재

          어머니의 골밀도와 생활습관이 소아청소년의 골밀도에 미치는 영향

          이병국(Lee, Byung-Kook), 이용현(Lee, Yong Hyun), 이혜림(Lee, Hye Lim), 박선민(Park, Sunmin) 한국영양학회 2013 Journal of Nutrition and Health Vol.46 No.2

          본 연구에서는 아이와 부모와의 유전적인 연관성을 알아보고 성장기 소아 청소년의 골밀도와 영양 섭취와의 관련성을 찾아봄으로써 골격과 신체발달을 위한 올바른 영양관리 및 영양평가에 필요한 기초 자료를 제시하기 위하여 8~19세 남녀 소아청소년을 대상으로 신체계측, 골밀도 측정 및 식생활습관조사와 생활습관조사를 실시하고 각 연령군별로 비교, 평가하였으며 그 결과는 다음과 같다. 1) 총 대퇴골과 대퇴골의 목의 경우 여자보다 남자가 더 높은 경향을 나타나는데 비하여 척추뼈의 경우는 여자의 골밀도가 더 높았다. 소아 청소년에서는 나이가 증가할수록 총 대퇴골과 척추뼈의 골밀도가 증가하였다. 골밀도는 남녀 모두에서 저체중군이 정상체중군이나 과체중군에 비해 낮았고, 정상체중군과 과체중군 사이에는 통계적으로 유의한 차이를 나타내지 않았다. 골절은 남녀 모두에서 골밀도에 따른 차이가 없는 것으로 보였다. 2) 총 칼로리 중 일일 영양소 권장량 (DRI)에 대한 %를 계산한 결과, 소아 청소년과 어머니 모두 성별과 나이의 권장량보다 낮게 섭취하였다. 단백질은 모두 권장량보다 과잉으로 섭취하였으며, 철의 경우 소아 청소년은 권장량과 유사하게 섭취하였고, 어머니의 경우 낮게 섭취하였다. 칼슘은 어린이와 어머니 모두에서 권장량에 비해 낮게 섭취하였다. 3) 식품 중 밥, 콜라, 크래커, 라면, 패스트푸드, 해산물, 튀긴 음식, 과일은 섭취빈도에 따라 총대퇴골, 대퇴골의 목과 척추뼈의 골밀도에 크게 영향을 주지 않았다. 그러나 육류와 우유를 많이 섭취한 사람의 총 대퇴골, 대퇴골의 목과 척추뼈의 골밀도가 가장 적게 섭취한 사람에 비해 더욱 높았다. 또한 운동하는 횟수가 높을수록 총 대퇴골와 대퇴골의 목, 척추뼈의 골밀도가 높게 나타났다. 4) 회귀분석으로 골밀도에 영향을 주는 요인을 조사한 결과, 남자가 여자보다, 연령이 높을수록, 운동 횟수가 많을수록, 어머니의 골밀도가 높을수록, 골밀도가 통계적으로 유의하게 높았다. 결론적으로 우유의 섭취나 정기적인 운동과 같은 환경적인 요인도 골밀도에 영향을 미치지만, 어머니의 골밀도가 자녀에 골밀도에 큰 영향을 미치므로 젊은 나이에도 어머니의 골밀도를 체크하여 어린이의 골밀도가 낮을 가능성을 파악하는 것이 중요하다. Higher bone mineral density (BMD) at a young age, calcium intake, and exercise are important for prevention of osteoporosis later in life. We examined familial effects of BMD between mothers and children and adolescents aged 8-19 in Cheonan, Korea and the relationships between BMD and lifestyle parameters, including: food and nutrient intake and exercise. For daughters and sons, significant differences in BMD were observed at the three bone sites (total femur, femur neck, and lumbar spine) according to age, gender, body mass index, exercise, and milk consumption, compared to the reference value for each classification category. Mean differences in children's BMD were observed according to maternal BMD. Energy and calcium intake were lower in both children and mothers in comparison to the estimated daily energy requirement; however, their protein intake was much greater than the daily recommended intake. After adjusting for age and gender and for mother's age, body mass index, and total calorie intake, results of the food frequency test showed an association of a higher intake of meat, meat products, milk and milk products with greater BMD of total femur, femur neck, and lumbar spine of children. In addition, exercise was positively associated with higher BMD. Regression analysis showed a positive association of BMD with age, male gender, exercise, and mother's BMD. In conclusion, after adjustment for environmental parameters, maternal BMD had a positive influence on BMD in daughters and sons. This finding suggests that parents need to check their BMD in order to determine whether their children are at increased risk of low BMD. (Korean J Nutr 2013; 46(2): 147 ~ 155)

        • 제주 탄소제로섬 추진전략 연구

          이병국 ( Byung Kook Lee ) 한국환경정책평가연구원 2016 수시연구보고서 Vol.2016 No.5

          제주 탄소제로섬 추진전략 연구는 현재 제주도에서 배출되는 온실가스의 상당부분을 감축하고 탄소흡수원을 늘려 순배출량을 2030년까지 ‘0`으로 만들기 위한 추진사업에 요구되는 비전과 목표, 부문별 추진전략 연구에 목적을 두고 있다. 또한 본 연구는 제주의 현황, 여건 및 기술적 환경을 고려하여 적용 가능한 감축기술과 전략 등을 제시하기 위해서 제주발전연구원과 협업으로 진행되었다. 온실가스 배출저감을 위한 추진전략을 제안할 때 고려해야 할 주요 사회·경제적 요인으로 제주도의 온실가스 배출량, 인구, 전력사용량 및 발전설비 현황, 등록차량대수, 관광객 수 등의 DB를 살펴보고 2030년까지 온실가스 배출량 전망을 제시하였다. 발전, 수송, 가정/건물, 폐기물, 농업, 연료연소, 산업공정 부문으로 나누어 살펴본 온실가스 배출 전망치를 바탕으로 2030년까지의 추진전략과 경제적 파급효과를 살펴보았다. 현재 제주에서 배출되는 온실가스의 상당부분이 발전과 수송부문에 집중되어 있다는 점에서 해당 부문을 관리하기 위해 신재생에너지를 바탕으로 한 발전부문의 전략과 전기자동차 보급 정책을 중심으로 하는 수송부문의 전략을 제시하였다. 또한 가정/건물, 폐기물, 농업, 연료연소, 산업공정 부문에 신기술 도입, 연료대체 및 저탄소문화 정착 등의 추진전략을 제시하고 부문별 세부사업을 제안하였다. 전 지구적 기후변화에 대응하기 위한 책임 있는 주체 중에서 지방자치단체 수준의 온실가스 배출저감 전략과 방향성을 제시한다는 점에서 본 연구의 의미가 있다. The purpose of A Study of Strategy for Carbon-Free Island Jeju is to research the vision, goal, and strategy for reducing greenhouse gas and increasing carbon sink in Jeju Island for the ultimate goal of making the island a carbon neutral city by 2030. We worked together with the Jeju Development Institute to propose viable reduction technologies and strategies by taking into account the status, conditions and technological level of Jeju. The study investigated the databases of the primary social and economic factors that should be considered while suggesting strategies for reducing greenhouse gases emission including greenhouse gas emissions, population, electric energy consumption, state of power generation facilities, number of registered cars, and number of tourists, and offered projections for greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. Based on the projections which are divided into the sectors of power generation, transportation, household/building, waste, agriculture, fuel combustion, and industrial process, this study provides specific strategies by the year of 2030 and their economic effect. In order to manage the power generation and transportation sectors since the greenhouse gas in Jeju are mostly emitted by these sectors, this study provides strategies such as new and renewable energy for the power generation sector and electric vehicle policies for the transportation sector. Also, the research suggests strategies such as adoption of new technologies, fuel replacement, and fostering of low-carbon culture in the sectors of household/building, waste, agriculture, fuel combustion, and industrial process and presents detailed projects for each sector. The research is meaningful in that it presents greenhouse gas reduction strategies and directions for local governments, one of the key players in tackling climate change taking place at global level.

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          문예지 지원 사업의 정책과 구조 변화 연구

          이병국 ( Lee Byung-kook ) 인하대학교 한국학연구소 2018 한국학연구 Vol.0 No.49

          문예지 지원 사업은 1974년 한국문화예술진흥원이 설립되면서 시행된 ‘문예지원고료지원' 사업으로 출발하였다. 문예지 원고료 지원은 선정된 문예지에 실린 문학 작품의 필자에게 국가가 원고료를 지원하고 자사 고료를 더해 지급하게 하는 사업이다. 이 사업은 문예중흥이라는 기획으로 시작되었으나 정치적 맥락에 의해 사업이 폐지되었다가 재개되는 등 여러 부침을 겪었다. 이러한 문제를 해소하기 위해 독임제 구조인 한국문화예술진흥원은 2005년 합의제 중심의 한국문화예술위원회로 개편하게 된다. 그러나 내부의 문제와 정권 교체 등으로 인하여 개편 목적을 상실하고 유명무실한 기구로 기능하는 등의 문제를 보이기도 하였다. 이 기간 동안 문예지 지원 사업은 크게 2번의 변화를 겪는데 문예진흥원의 문예지원고료지원이 1기에 해당한다면 문예위원회의 청소년문예지지원을 2기, 2010년부터 실시된 우수문예지지원 사업을 3기로 구분할 수 있다. 문예중흥을 목적으로 유신 정권 하에서 기획된 문예지 지원 사업은 장기적 계획에 의해 진행되었다기보다는 집권 정부의 정치적 상황에 의해 왜곡, 변질되면서 그 의미가 퇴색된 부분이 있다. 그럼에도 불구하고 상대적으로 열악한 환경에서 집필 활동을 해온 작가들에게 고료를 지원함으로써 현장 만족도를 높이는 한편 문화예술 향유에 소외된 청소년과 장애인을 문학 생산자 및 향유자로 수용하는 유의미한 성과를 내기도 하였다. 그러나 2015년 문화계 블랙리스트 사건이 보여주듯이 언제든 정치적 맥락에 의해 지원 사업의 존폐가 결정될 수 있다는 문제를 드러내기도 하였다. 달라진 정치 환경과 문학장의 상황에 맞게 문예지 지원 사업의 방향 역시 장기적이고 융통성 있게 변해야만 사업이 기획된 목표를 그리고 한국문학의 발전을 도모할 수 있을 것이다. In 1974, The Korea culture and Arts Foundation was established, and the 'Literary Magazine Support Project' was launched. Literary magazine support is a project in which the state subsidizes manuscripts to the authors of literary works selected in the selected literary magazines and pays their own fees. This project started with the cultureand art promotion plan, but the business was abolished and resumed due to the political context. In order to solve this problem, the Korea Culture and Arts Foundation, which is structure to be solely determined, will be reorganized into the Arts Council of Korea, which is centered on consensus in 2005. However, the problems of internal and regime change have led to problems such as the loss of the purpose of reform and functioning as a private organization. During this period, the literary magazine support project has undergone two major changes. If the literary magazine support of the literary magazine is in the first stage, the Arts Council of Korea will be able to divide two projects for youth literary magazines and three projects for excellent literary magazines. The project of supporting literary magazines planned under the promotion regime for the purpose of rehabilitation of literary arts was not carried out by the long - term plan but rather the meaning was distorted by the distorted and transformed by the political situation of the ruling government. Nonetheless, it has contributed significantly to the satisfaction of the field by supporting the writers who have been writing in the relatively poor environment, while also making meaningful achievement by accepting the youth and the disabled as marginalized in cultural arts enjoyment as literate producers and enjoyers. However, as shown by the cultural blacklist case in 2015, it was always revealed that the existence of the support project could be decided by the political context. In accordance with the changed political environment and the situation of the literature, the direction of the literary arts support project should be changed long and flexible, so that the project can be planned and the development of Korean literature can be planned.

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          야구선수의 주관절 내측측부 인대 재건술 후 재활운동의 사례 연구

          이병국(Lee Byung-Kook), 임승길(Lim Seung-Kil), 한경진(Han Kyung-Jin), 김복현(Kim Bok-Hyeon), 노호성(Nho Ho-Sung), 김정주(Kim Jung-Ju) 한국체육과학회 2006 한국체육과학회지 Vol.15 No.1

          Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injuries of the elbow in throwing athletes are part of a spectrum of valgus extension overload injuries. After the operation of ulnar collateral ligament in case of two amateur baseball pitchers: K and S. They were trained by rehabilitation program with 4 phases for 26 weeks. Decrease of inflammation and ROM (range of motion) had been progressed by 1 phase as immediate post-operation. Also, 2 phase as an intermediate phase had improved gradually strength and increased ROM 3 phase as an advanced strengthening phase had initiated improvement of power, endurance and plyometric exercise. 4 phase as a return to activity phase progressed functional exercise and interval throwing program (ITP) with 4 grade. During the rehabilitation, K player has mild pain but, symptom such as inflammation did not show and return after ITP 40 m. On the other hand, S player did not easily recover owing to inflammation sign during rehabilitation. Returning continue rehabilitation exercise program progress, rehabilitation exercise program has been performed. As a result, S plyer can throw balls with more than 140 ㎞/h professional baseball and enter the club. However, K player could not perform rehabilitation exercise program because of team problems.

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          원저 : 119 구급대에 의한 출동구역 밖 이송의 적절성 분석

          이병국 ( Byung Kook Lee ), 박상욱 ( Sang Wook Park ), 허탁 ( Tag Heo ), 류현호 ( Hyun Ho Ryu ), 정경운 ( Kyung Woon Jeung ) 대한응급의학회 2010 大韓應急醫學會誌 Vol.21 No.5

          Purpose: The principle of prehospital transport is that the patient should be transported to the nearest hospital that is suitable for the severity of the illness. Therefore, out-of-jurisdiction transport is improper. The purpose of this study was to understand the present situation and evaluate the appropriateness of out-of-jurisdiction prehospital transport by the 119 rescue group. Methods: Between January and December 2009 we enrolled patients who were transported to the Gwangju Regional Emergency Medical Center by the 119 rescue group, which belongs to Jeolla province. The appropriateness of out-of-jurisdiction transport was based on the transport chart and medical record of the 119 rescue group and categorized into three groups. Results: The total number of patients transported was 440: 78 (17.7%) were appropriate; 329 (74.8%) were inappropriate; 33 (7.5%) patients were very inappropriate. Of the 440, 156 (35.5%) were emergency cases, 147 (33.4%) were sub-emergency cases, and 137 (31.1%) were non-emergency cases. Comparing these data with the triage by the 119 rescue group, the kappa value was 0.368 (p<0.001). The patients or their guardians selected the hospital to which the patient was be transported in 382 (86.8%) cases. The actual transport distance was 40.0 km (range: 26.0 to 50.0) and was significantly longer than the nearest distance to a local emergency center which was 10.0 km (4.0 to 18.0) (p<0.001). Conclusion: Inappropriate out-of-jurisdiction transporting of patients is done frequently. Therefore, guidelines for prehospital transportation according to the triage is necessary. Additionally, the medical director and emergency medicine information center could play a role in selecting a hospital. A fee or a fine of transporters who do not observe the guidelines might limit the proportion of inappropriate transport cases.

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