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A Specific Domain name is only exsisting one through the world. Therefore as what the Domain name is, there is possibility which many people wants to register the Domain name at the same time. By not having restrict, the Domain name is registered by the rules of "first come, first served". And once it is registered, the man who registered it has a monopoly status and uses it over and over just by renual. Because of this, a conflict arises between the Domain name registrant and the trade mark possessors. The trademark possessors have tried to solve this problems by the Trademarks Law and the Unfair Competition Law. But these laws were not enacted for this Domain name dispute, The trademark possessors have been through so many difficulties till this time especially on the matter of cybersquatting. So Korea enacted the Internet Domain Name Law on 29 January 2004, and remanded the Unfair Competition Law on 20 January 2004 which restrict cybersquatting. This treatise is written to think about the problems that happen when the existing Trademarks Law and the Unfair Competition Law are applied to cybersquatting, the way that we construct new Internet Domain Name Law and Unfair Competition Law which is not applied to real case yet, the problems that new Internet Domain Name Law and Unfair Competition Law have. 상표권자에게 판매할 목적 또는 상표권자의 등록을 방해할 목적 등의 부정한 목적으로 상표권자의 상표와 동일 또는 유사한 도메인이름을 등록만 하였을 뿐 그 도메인이름 하에 웹사이트를 개설하지 않았거나 개설하였다 할지라도 웹사이트에 실질적인 내용이 없는 경우를 상표법, 부정경쟁방지법 등의 기존 법률로 규율할 수 있는가에 대하여 많은 논의가 행하여졌으나 학설, 판례는 이하에서 설명하는 것과 같은 이유로 이를 부정하는 것이 일반적이었다. 이에 2004. 1. 20. 법률 제7095호로 개정된 부정경쟁방지법 제2조 제1호 아목과 2004. 1. 29. 법률 제7142호로 제정된 인터넷주소자원에관한법률 제12조는 도메인이름의 무단점유에 대한 구제수단을 규정하고 있다. 이러한 시점에 쓰여진 이 논문은 도메인이름의 무단점유에 기존의 상표법, 부정경쟁방지법을 적용하면 어떠한 문제가 발생하기에 위와 같은 새로운 입법이 있었던 것인지를 살핀 후, 국내에서는 아직 적용 사례가 없는 부정경쟁방지법 제2조 제1호 아목, 인터넷주소자원에관한법률 제12조의 요건을 어떻게 해석할 것인가를 통일도메인이름분쟁해결방침(Uniform Domain Name Resolution Policy, 이하 "UDRP"라 한다), 반사이버스쿼팅소비자보호법(Anticybersquatting Consumer Protection Act, 이하 "ACPA"라 한다) 등의 적용사례에 비추어 생각하여 보고, 2중 입법의 의문, 등록이전청구권의 부재, UDRP결정에 대한 불복수단의 부재등 새로운 입법의 문제점에 대하여 생각하여 보는 것을 목적으로 작성되었다.
Recently consumption of agrochemicals rapidly increased with the demand for higher crop productivity. With this trend the role of government control over the field efficiency and safety aspects of pesticide use became more important. The government reformed the pesticides approval and management scheme in 1977. The new act became effective from April 1 1978. This paper introduces the contents of new act and the methods of herbicide registration trial
The bending exercises of radial tire is one of the most important structural properties of the sidewall relating to ride and road noise of automobiles. The frequency band analysis is more useful for analyzing tire road noise due to property change of tread and sidewall. In this paper, the vertical stiffness and lateral stiffness of tire which have a various tread and sidewall is measured and the road noise is measured about same road condition. Furthermore, we investigated the effect on the structure of the tire tread and sidewall for the sound pressure level.
Purpose: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a standard procedure for cholelithiasis. However, with the advance of minimal invasive surgery, much research has recently been performed into single port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS).1 The aim of this study is to evaluate single port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SPLC) in comparison to the classical method (three port laparoscopic cholecystectomy, TPLC) through our initial experience. Methods: This study was performed retrospectively by a review of medical charts and phone calls to patients. We checked for chronic calculous cholecystitis or cholesterol polyps in 56 patients who had undergone cholecystectomy between April 2009 and February 2010. We divided into two groups the patients who had undergone SPLC and TPLC. We then checked the sex, age, hospital day, operating time,mobilization time, pain scale, cosmetic satisfaction, surgical wound infection and BMI for each patient. Results: Cosmetic satisfaction with SPLC was higher than with the classical method, but this was not significant. Hospital day and mobilization time of SPLC were shorter, but this was also not significant. There was no difference in patient age,hospital day, mobilization and BMI between SPLC and TPLC. The operating time and pain scale with TPLC were less than with SPLC. Conclusion: SPLC has the benefit of cosmetic satisfaction and relatively fewer complications. However, the operating time and pain scale of SPLC are higher than those of TPLC. Therefore, SPLC requires much concentration and effort from the surgeon to compensate for its deficiencies.
The usefulness of using the bispectral index (BIS) for monitoring during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is not clearly understood. However, BIS has been a popular anesthetic monitoring device used during operations. The case presented is of a pregnant woman going into cardiac arrest due to an amniotic fluid embolism during a Cesarean section. CPR was performed, but neither the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) nor the return of consciousness was achieved, despite 50 min of effective CPR. However, CPR was continued based on BIS. ROSC was achieved, and an alert consciousness state was reached 1 day postoperation. This finding suggests that BIS be used as a basic monitoring device during CPR and that it may help in deciding to continue CPR.
The author prepared saline extracts from autolized heart tissue and various tissues rendered necrotic by ligating the arteries suppling blood to them. He investigated changes in ESR in the rabbits administered with the extracts, fractions of the necrotic liver or kidney tissue extract, and studied in vitro and in vivo the mechanism of the acceleration of ESR with the necrotic liver tissue extract. The results thus.obtained are as follows: 1. The autolized heart tissue extract and the extract of the necrotic liver, spleen, or kidney tissue can produce high ESR when they are injected intravenously to normal animals. 2. The ability to accelerate.ESR of the necrotic liver and kidney tissue extracts seems to be attributable to the function of their alpha - and gamma globulin fractions. 3. The necrotic liver or kidney tissue extracts has no effect on ESR in vitro, and it seems, therefore, to have no direct connection with the mechanism of the acceleration of ESR by the extracts. 4. The`hematocrit values and fibrinogen contents in plasm in the rabbits administered with the necrotic liver or kidney tissue extract show no significant change. This suggests that the two factors play no important part in the acceleration of ESR by the necrotic tissue extracts. 5. The sera obtained from the rabbits administered with the necrotic liver or. kidney tissue extract are found to be effective in increasing ESR both in vitro and in vivo studies. This may indicate that the sera may contain a certain endogenous active substance which can accelerate ESR. This substance, however, can not be demonstrated by ordinary electrophoretic fractionation of the sera. - 6. On the basis of the above the author would like to conclude; that increased ESR associated with destructive injuries to the tissue of inflammatory or non-inflammatory origin might be attributed to the appearance in the circulating blood of the endogenous substance which may be produced in certain tissues or cells by the stimulation of the homologous material liverated from the injured tissue and carried to the blood way.