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Avian reovirus (ARV) is the pathogenic agent of tenosynovitis and malabsorption syndrome in broiler, which has caused significant economical losses due to poor feeder efficiency and stunting. In order to determine the prevalence of ARV infection in poultry farms in Jeonbuk province, Korea, we performed a surveillance study by testing 179 cecal samples from 131 broiler farms for virus detection, and 1,181 serum samples from 33 broiler farms (n=292) and 22 broiler breeder farms (n=1,525) for antibody de-tection in the province. Virological examination using RT-PCR showed that ARV were detected in 26.0% of the tested farms (34/131),with the highest positive rates in broilers of 6 days old or more in summer season. In serological test using ELISA, broiler and broiler breeder farms examined were all ARV antibody positive. In broiler, the positive rate and antibody titers showed a tendency to de-crease with age in contrast to those of broiler breeders. Our results indicate that ARV is ubiquitous in broilers and broiler breeders in the province.
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The light therapy has been known to be effective to non-seasonal affective disorder as well as seasonal affective disorder. Although the mechanism of action of light therapy for depressive disorder has not been verified yet, its clinical application revealed similar effects like antidepressants and relatively smaller side effects. However, it is not common to apply the light therapy for treatment resistant depressive disorder. This case report indicates a robust efficacy of light therapy and its clinical usefulness, illustrating the complete remission in a treatment resistant patient with major depressive disorder after bright light therapy
This study, was conducted to find out the correlation factors of anxiety of the patients during MRI exam on the claustrophobia. This study conducted a survey targeting those korea auxiliary police and combat auxiliary police patients who were admitted to the National Police Hospital over a period from January 2 to December 24, 2013 to investigate their degree of claustrophobia. In study result, sufficient explain before exam was helpful and decrease anxiety. However, they felt more anxious about limited spare, and when the entered a bore. Symptoms of instability and fear were stuffy, sweat, dyspnea, palpitation those are ascending rank of frequency.
Activated protein C (APC) is a cytoprotective anticoagulant that can promote cutaneous healing. We examined the effect of APC on viability and differentiation of the osteoblastic line, MG63, in the presence and absence of bisphosphonates (BPs). Osteoblasts were cultured and treated for 24 or 48 h with Alendronate (Aln), Zoledronate (Zol) or Pamidronate (Pam) at concentrations ranging from 104 to 106 M. Cell differentiation was measured using type 1 collagen production, Alizarin red staining and alkaline phosphatase activity, whereas cell viability was assessed using MTT and crystal violet assays. All three BPs induced MG63 cell death in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Pam- and Zol-related cell death was prevented by APC treatment; however, cell death induced by Aln was accelerated by APC. APC induced MG63 cell differentiation that was enhanced by Aln, but inhibited by Pam or Zol. Endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR) was expressed by MG63 cells and mediated the protective effect of APC on Zol-induced viability. In summary, we have demonstrated that (1) APC favorably regulates MG63 viability and differentiation toward bone growth, (2) APC differentially regulates the effects of specific BPs and (3) at least part of the effects of APC is mediated through EPCR. These findings highlight the potential importance of the PC pathway in bone physiology and provide strong evidence that APC may influence bone cells and has potential to be a therapeutic drug for bone regeneration, depending on concurrent BP treatment.
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), a member of the TNF superfamily of cytokines, is one of the most promising candidates for cancer therapeutics. However, many osteosarcomas are resistant to TRAIL. Bisphosphonates are very effective in the treatment of bone problems associated with malignancies; the antitumor effects are due to the inhibition of protein prenylation that is essential for cell function and survival. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of bisphosphonates on TRAIL-resistant MG 63 human osteosarcoma cells. The cells showed no response to TRAIL alone; however,pre-treatment with bisphosphonates significantly increased TRAIL-mediated apoptosis and cellular activation of caspase-3. Bisphosphonates significantly induced mRNA and protein expression of the TRAIL receptor, DR5. Bisphosphonates induced protein unprenylation in MG 63 cells; in addition, co-treatment with TRAIL also significantly increased protein unprenylation. Blocking of protein unprenylation using geranylgeraniol attenuated the cellular responses,including cell apoptosis and protein unprenylation induced by bisphosphonates and TRAIL. This is the first study to demonstrate that bisphosphonates markedly enhanced TRAIL-induced apoptosis in human osteosarcoma cells. These findings suggest that bisphosphonates may be a new and effective anticancer treatment with TRAIL proteins for TRAIL-resistant cancer cells.
Enterovirulent Escherichia coli are among the most important causes of diarrhea in cattles. Between January and December, 2017, a total of 150 stool specimens from cattles were investigated for entero-haemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC), enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC), en-terotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) and enteroinvasive E. coli (EIEC) using real-time PCR. 131 E. coli were isolated from feces. The most frequently isolated pathotype in feces was EHEC (37 isolates). EPEC, ETEC and EAEC were detected in feces with 14, 7 and 3 respectively. EIEC was not detected. Antimicrobial resistance test was performed by agar disc diffusion method with 14 antimicrobials. Enterovirulent E. coli isolates showed the highest antimicrobial resistance to ampicillin 61.3%, followed by tetracycline 54.5% and streptomycin 45.5%. They had low resistance to amikacin 11.4%. Of 44 isolates, 37 (84.1%) were resistant to more than 2 antimicrobials. futher study a highest antimicrobial susceptibility to trime-thoprim/sulfamethoxazole 50.0% and florofenicol 47.7%.