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Papular elastorrhexis is a connective tissue nevus that occurs in the second decade of life as asymptomatic small white-creamy papules scattered over the chest, shoulder, abdomen, or back Histopathologically, there is a decrease in elastic fibers with focal homogenization of collagen. Recognition of this entity is important to prevent use of unnecessary diagnostic procedures and therapy. We present three cases of papular elastorrhexis. All of them occurred in children under the age 10 years.
Trichonodosis(knotted hair) is a disorder of the hair shaft that can comprise a single or double knot. Reports of trichonodosis are not cornmon in dermatological literature, but it is generally considered not to be rare. Two varieties of trichonodosis have been described. A rare type occurs in association with abnormally growing scalp and body hair that tends to splinter and fracture. A more comrnon form occurs when normal hair is subjected to rnechanical forces, such as combing and brushing. Trichonodosis occurs exclusively in persons with curly or kinky hair. We report a patient with short, straight hair and trichonodosis. The most likely cause in our patient is trauma as a result of continual rubbing of hairs. (Korean J Dermatol 1997;35(6): 1241-1243)
Clinically adult-onset xanthogranuloma is somewhat different to that of juvenile xanthogranuloma. There seems to be no definitive sites of predilection and concomitant extracutaneous lesions, and spontaneous resolution does not occur in the adult form. The lesions of the adult form are usually asymmetric or solitary. We describe an adult with a solitary xanthogranuloma on the left shoulder. Histological findings of this case show minor differences from juvenile xanthogranuloma but immunohistochemical findings were very similar to those of juvenile xanthogranuloma. (Kor J Dermatol 1997;35(4): 786-789)
In pili torti, the affected Eair shaft is flattened and twisted through 180 degrees on its own axis. The involved hairs are dry, thin, brittle, and break off easily. Congenital pili torti may occur as an isolated phenomenon or may occur in association with other abnormalities. Acquired pili torti is usually associated with some sort of scarring process in the scalp itself. We present a case of congnital pili torti without any other abnormalities in a 14 year-old female. The pedigree of her fariiily was consistent with the inheritance of congenital pili torti as an autosomal dominant trait. (Kor J Dermatol 1995;33(5): 998-1001)
Aneurysmal benign fibrous histiocytoma, which is a rare variant of benign fibrous histiocytoma, usually occurs as a solitary nodule on the limbs of young to middle aged adults. The clinical diagnosis of fibrous histiocytoma is seldom considered in the differential disgnosis, which may include malignant melanoma, hemangioma, neurorfibroma, and nonspecific cyst. Histopathologically, aneurysmal benign fibrous histiocytoma is characterized by the presence of large blood-filled tissue space which is surrounded by histiocyte, fibroblast, hemosiderin pigment, and capillaries. We report a case of aneurysmal benign fibrous histiocytoma in a 15-year-old boy, who had a solitary nodular lesion on the left knee for a 2 year duration.
Dyschromatosis universalis hereditaria was reported in 1933 by Ichikawa and Hiraga in Japan. This disease is characterized by small pigmented and depigmented mottled macules on the trunk and extremities. We report two cases of dyschromatosis universalis. Case one is a 47-year-old man presented with hypoand hyperpigmented spots on the trunk and extrexities. At about 30 years of age, he started to show pigmentary changes on the back, which became progressively spread to the other parts of the trunk and extremities. Case two is a 27-year-old man with numerous mottled hypo-and hyperpigmented spots on the trunk and extremities. He started to show pigmentary changes on the back about 12 years ago. This pigmentary changes also became progressively spread to the other part of the trunk and extrimities. There were no family history of similar disease. On physical exminations, both patients had hrown rice-grain sized pigmented and depigmented macules without scales and atropy on the trunk and extremites. Fontana-Masson stains revealed decreased and increased melar in granules in the basal cell layers in the hypopigrnented and hyperpigmented lesions respectively. (Kor J Dermatol 1992;30(6):928-931)