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The Reordering of the Universe(天地公事) pursuing the Latter world(後天)``s ideal world while denying the Former world(先天) is composed of enormous rituals. The Dosu(度數) is formed through these rituals and the world is transformed according to the Dosu. The people who follow the Sangje(上帝), the subject of this universe reordering and also participate in the Reordering of the Universe are called as the followers. The follower group can be said as a ritual group in the aspect that they participate in the ritual for the Reordering of the Universe. They not only observed the rituals but also actively participated in them, so took certain roles in forming the Dosu. That is, they performed certain, given roles in developing the rituals, or actively proposed their ideas under the Sangje``s leadership, and participated in the process realizing the Dosu. Therefore it can be said that they were a group initiatively participating in the process overcoming the Former world``s Sangguk(相克) world, and making the latter world``s ideal world. It seemed that the followers at that time might have gone through a certain entrance ritual process in order to join in such a follower group. The 『Jeon-Gyeong』 recorded the entrance rituals of a man called as Cha Gyeong Seok among tremendous followers relatively in detail. According to the 『Jeon-Gyeong』, he first had to get a unique test in the entrance process, and the test was proceeded in several stages: the wisdom test reflecting the Sangje``s unusual intelligence, the patience test to endure physical, psychological pains for the great ethic, and the test to evaluate the testee``s ability to give up past oneself and to follow the Sangje with a new body & mind. In the process separating himself from the past his appearance, Gyeong-Seok, the candidate to enter, faced a liminal situation, and then performed the incorporation rite. In this process, the purification rite going him out of the past relationship of benefits & grudges was performed, and he was given the regulations to comply as a member of the follower group. Through such serial processes, his entrance in the follower group was allowed. What requested to the candidate in this entrance process was the severance from one``s past. For that, the candidate was needed to go out of his past life habits, to free from the relationship of benefits and grudges, and to sever him from his past faults. Such severance was the precondition for him to go out of the Former world``s negative reality and to break from the Sanggeuk habits. Another thing requesting to the candidate as well as the severance from his past was to establish a new ideal. The new ideal should be matched with the ideal of the Reordering of the Universe whose main ideology was the Haewon-Sangsaeng(解寃相生). Such ideal can be said as the driving force to proceed toward the new ideal world of Latter World. And the candidate was requested to purify his mind and to participate in the Universe Fair Judgement (天地公庭). That can be said as an important condition for the new member directly to participate in the ritual of the Reordering of the Universe dramatically transforming the world. Finally, the candidate was given the regulations for his ascetic practice(修道) as well as his participation in the Reordering, and was requested to comply them. After becoming a member of this follower group, one had to practice his asceticism through the compliance with such regulations and the training of mantras(呪文) in order to accomplish the goal called as Dotong(道通). By fulfilling these requirements, the newly entered member could have the qualification to perform a certain role in the ritual of the Reordering of the Universe, and could accomplish his religious ideal.
활나물 잎을 에탄올과 메틸렌 클로라이드 혼합용매(3:1)로 추출하였다. 이중 가장 활성이 높은 유효성분을 추출 및 분리하기 위해서 당과 지방 성분을 제거하고, water와 n-butanol 용매를 1:1 비율로 혼합하여 분획 추출하였다. n-butanol층은 감압ㆍ농축 후, Sephadex LH-20이 충진된 column chromatography를 이용하여 10개(Fr1, Fr2, Fr3, Fr4, Fr5, Fr6, Fr7, Fr8, Fr9, Fr10)의 소 분획물을 얻었다. 분획물의 각종 항산화 활성 결과 Fr1, Fr4, Fr6에서 높은 항산화 활성을 나타내었다(p<0.05). 분획물중 활성이 강한 F1, F4 및 F6에서 미지의 물질을 발견하였으므로 각종 기기분석을 통해 그물질을 동정 중에 있다. In this study, Crotalaria sessiliflora L., leaf was extracted with a solvent mixture of CH₂Cl₂ and CH2OH (3:1). In order to draw or separate effective components from the leaf extract with high activity, a 1:1 solvent mixture of water and butanol was used after removal of the sugar and fat from the extract. From the decompressed and concentrated butanol layer, 10 small fractions (Fr1, Fr2, Fr3, Fr4, Fr5, Fr6, Fr7, Fr8, Fr9, and Fr10) were obtained using a chromatography column filled with sephadex LH-20. The activity of each fraction was measured by the same method as that used to measure the antioxidant effect of each part(p<0.05). The Fr1, Fr4, and Fr6 fractions showed the highest activity levels(p<0.05). The vital unknown material that vitality exists in the strong butanol fractions of F1, F4 and F6 will be isolated and identified. Currently, we are performing for a single compound from an unknown peak by instrumental analysis.
본 연구는 우리나라의 농작물 재배지에서 문제가 되고 있는 복숭아혹진딧물 (Myzus persicae)의 약용식물 추출물을 이용한 환경 친화적 방제 가능성을 알아보기 위하여 수행하였다. 살충효과가 있는 것으로 알려진 34종의 약용식물을 선발하여 메탄올과 헥산 추출법을 이용하여 정제한 후 복숭아혹진딧물에 대한 살충 효과를 실내에서 엽침지법으로 검정하였다. 실험 결과, 목향 (Inula helenium)의 뿌리, 멀구슬나무 (Melia azedarach)의 열매, 나팔꽃 (Pharbitis nil)의 씨앗, 사군자(Quisqualis indica)의 열매 처리에서 60% 이상의 치사율을 보였다. 살충 활성이 높은 약용식물 추출물을 농도별로(10,000 ppm, 5,000 ppm, 1,000 ppm)로 처리한 결과 목향(Inula helenium)처리에서는 3일 후에 각각 71.4%, 64.3%, 60.6%의 치사율을 보였으며 10일 후에는 각각 50.2%, 63.4%, 50.2%의 치사율을 보였지만 10,000 ppm과 5,000 ppm 처리에서는 약해를 보였다. 나팔꽃 (Pharbitis nil) 처리에서는 10일 후에 59% 이상의 치사율을 보였다. Thirty four herbal plants were selected for the insectical test of Myzus persicae which is one of the major pests in horticultural crops in Korea. Methanol or hexane extracts were screened against M. persicae using leaf dipping method in the laboratory. Screening was performed at 1,000 ppm after 3, 7 and 10 days treatment to M. persicae. Insect mortality from the methanol or hexane extract treatments of Inula helenium, Melia azedarach, Pharbitis nil, and Quisqualis indica were higher than 60%. In the different concentration treatments (10,000 ppm, 5,000 ppm, and 1,000 ppm) of 4 plant extracts, Inula helenium and Pharbitis nil showed high mortality against Myzus persicae. But 10,000 ppm and 5,000 ppm concentration were showed phytotoxicity. Corrected mortality with Pharbitis nil against M. persicae on 10 days after treatment were more than 59%.
Greate attention has been shown to the question of implementing Ubiquitous environment since it emerged in early 1990s from Mark Weiser. Central point of this paper is providing conceptual ideas of developing Ubiquitous computing. Self-Growing, Autonomous-Computing, and Situation-Aware are explained as 3 key words of Ubiquitous computing. Also, a Smart Cup is introduced as result of this project.