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        • KCI등재

          프로젝트 학습에 기초한 환경미술수업이 학습자의 생태적 감수성에 미치는 영향

          김규래,김효정 한국초등미술교육학회 2019 미술교육연구논총 Vol.56 No.-

          Several previous studies were reviewed for this study, which investigated the educational concept and paradigm of environmental arts, the integrity of environmental and art education, and the approach to environmental arts education. Based on the theories from previous studies, the purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of the environmental fine arts class based on Project-Based Learning (PBL) on learner's ecological sensitivity. Subjects for this study were 10 members of the environment club at G-high school in Guro-Gu, Seoul, and they were participated in a total of 8 classes. The object of classes was set as improving perception of stray cats based on the common interests of learners. Thus, it was hypothesized the self-directed activity of subjects that PBL were emphasized. In conclusion, the environmental fine art class based on PBL 1) cultivated ecological sensitivity defined as emotional/cognitive empathy and reaction regarding the environment, 2) suggested practical direction of action such as interaction, and 3) deepened learner's ecological sensitivity. Thus, this study suggested that the environmental arts class based on PBL can provide systemicity while learners internalize their selected learning, and a problem-solving by using visual communication of arts. In addition, it can be thought that the environmental fine arts class will be extended and proposed in the education field by identifying the educational combination of art activity through the environmental club from this study. 본 연구는 프로젝트 학습에 기초한 환경미술수업이 학습자의 생태적 감수성에 미치는 영향을 확인하는 것을 목적으로 한다. 이를 위해 프로젝트 학습법, 환경미술 그리고 생태적 감수성에 대해 이론적으로 고찰하였으며, 환경교육과 미술교육의 통합적인 활동을 동아리 활동을 중심으로 확인하였다. 따라서 연구대상은 서울특별시 구로구 소재 G고등학교의 생명존중 동아리 10명을 선정하였다. 이들은 길고양이라는 공통의 관심사로 모인 환경동아리로서 학교 주변의 길고양이 급식소 운영 등의 자발적인 활동을 이룬다. 이러한 특성이 프로젝트 학습으로의 미술과 접근 그리고 주변의 환경문제에 민감하게 반응하는 생태적 감수성을 확인하는 데 효과적일 것이라 기대하였다. 학습주제는 ‘환경미술을 통한 길고양이 인식개선하기'로 총 8차시의 수업을 진행하였으며, 수업을 통한 학습자들의 생태적 감수성 변화와 학습자 주변인들의 길고양이 인식 변화를 확인하였다. 연구결과는 환경부에서 제공하는 환경교육에 의한 환경의식ㆍ태도변화 조사 보고서(2014)의 ‘환경의식과 태도변화 조사 설문지'를 수업 사전ㆍ사후에 실시한 후 IBM SPSS 24 통계 프로그램을 통해 Paired t-test(대응표본 t 검증)을 사용하여 검사결과를 통계적으로 비교 분석하였다. 또한, 학습자의 실기 결과물과 활동지, 차시별 활동 인터뷰, 수업평가지 그리고 연구자의 관찰일지를 분석하여 학습자들의 생태적 감수성 변화를 종합적으로 도출하였다. 결론적으로 본 연구의 프로젝트 학습에 기초한 환경미술수업은 학습자의 생태적 감수성에 긍정적인 영향을 미치는 것을 고등학교 환경동아리 활동을 중심으로 확인할 수 있었다.

        • KCI등재
        • KCI등재
        • KCI등재
        • 矮性사과園의 生産力 調査分析

          金圭來 慶北大學校 1982 論文集 Vol.34 No.-

          Sixteen commercial dwarf apple orchard located in different sites were surveyed to know the tree performance and fruit yields. In the tree performance of Fuji cultivar by the rootstocks, trunk circumference, tree height and tree spread of 7 years old tree on M26 were in a range of 28-29cm, 2.6-3.0m, and 2,7-3.0m, respectively, but in some orchard showed 39cm, 4.3m and 4.3m, respectively. Those of 8 years old tree on M26 were in range of 32-37cm, 3.0-3.8m and 3.0-3.7m, respectively. And those of 7 years old Fuji on M106 were in range of 32-46cm, 2.6-4.7m and 3.2-4.5m, respectively, and those of 8 years old tree were in range of 35-44cm, 3.5-4.6m and 3.8-4.0m, respectively. Optimum planting distance of Fuji cultivar on M26 in favorable soil will be 2.0-2.5m×4.0-4.5m, and that of Fuji cultivar on MM106 in favorable soil will be 4.0-4.5m×5.0-5.5m, and in bad soil condition, 3.0-4.0m×4.5-5.0m. Average fruit yield from 3 years to 7 years old Fuji on M26 were 157, 1,464, 2,336, 3,752, and 3,909kg per 10a, respectively, that of Fuji on MM 106 were 90, 1,536, 1,474, 2,308, and 3,135kg per 10a, respectively, and that of Fuji in M9 were 484, 1,867, 2,031, 2,870, and 1,974kg per 10a respectively. By this survey, it is suggested that fruit yield will amount to 3-4M/T per 10a from 5th years after planting by Fuji cultivar on M26 or M9 and from 6th years after planting by Fuji cultivar on MM106, when optimum planting density in accordance with soil condition and reasonable growing methods were taken.

        • 사과白粉病에 對한 Bayleton의 防除效果

          金圭來 慶北大學校 새마을硏究所 1978 農村과 科學 Vol.1 No.-

          사과白粉病(Podosphaera leucotricha)에 對한 Bayleton W.P.의 防除效果를 알기위하여 撒布回數와 撒布濃度를 달리한 處理區를 두고 Topsin-M W.P.를 對照藥劑로 하여 紅玉成木에 處理한 結果, 無處理區의 發病葉率, 發病程度 및 發病新梢率이 各各 30.17%, 1.593, 100%인데 對하여 Bayleton 3∼5回 處理區들은 各各 2.68∼5.76%, 1.027∼1.167, 26.7∼70% 였고, Topsin-M處理區는 各各 19.87% 1.330, 86.7%로서 兩藥劑의 효과가 認定되었다. 藥劑間에는 Bayleton W.P.가 Topsin-M W.P.보다 白粉病防除效果가 높았다. Bayleton and Topsin-M were compared for control of powdry mildew (Podosphaera leucotricha), under field conditions on foliage of bearing Jonathan cultivar. Bayleton were superior to Topsin-M for control of powdery mildew. No statistical differences were observed in control effect between Bayleton treatments, 3 sprays, 4 sprays, and 5 sprays:3 sprays were at full pink stage, petal fall and 10 days after petal fall;4 sprays were 3 sprays plus prepink stage spray;5 sprays were 4 sprays plus 20 days after petall fall spray. No phytotoxic symptoms on leaves and fruits were observed in all treatments.

        • KCI등재
        • 사과 幼木의 硼素過剩障害에 關한 硏究

          金圭來 慶北大學校 1977 論文集 Vol.23 No.-

          Since 1973, there have been spread over the country such a disorder as backward bending of shoot leaves, chlorosis of midrib, large lateral veins and their neighboring tissue, and breaking of middle part of the petiole in young apple trees. It was confirmed that the disorder was caused by a exess boron absorption in this study. Togeter with, it was estimated that the threshold level of leaf boron occurring exess symptoms was between 231ppm to 342ppm.

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